Темы которые нужно знать для огэ по английскому

В этой статье вы найдете темы по английскому языку для подготовки к ОГЭ (9 класс).  Как известно, устный экзамен по английскому языку в 9 классе до 2016 года состоял из двух частей: монолога и диалога. В 2016 году в устной части экзамена ОГЭ произошли изменения, который затронули сам формат экзамена, который теперь, так же как и ЕГЭ сдается в компьютеризированной форме. Ознакомиться подробнее вы сможете, прочитав статью «ОГЭ по английскому языку в 9 классе (изменения)»

Английский язык. Подготовка к ОГЭ. Темы

Данные темы по английскому языку в 9 классе не изменились в 2020 году. По ссылкам вы найдете список выражений на английском языке для быстрой подготовки к экзамену.

  1. Межличностные отношения в семье
  2. Межличностные отношения с друзьями и в школе
  3. Внешность и характер (характеристики) человека
  4. Досуг и увлечения (спорт, музыка, чтение, посещение кинотеатра/ театра, дискотеки, кафе). Молодежная мода
  5. Покупки. Карманные деньги
  6. Переписка.
  7. Школьная жизнь. Изучаемые предметы и отношение к ним. Каникулы. Школьные обмены
  8. Проблемы выбора профессии и роль иностранного языка
  9. Страны изучаемого языка. Их географическое положение. Климат. Население. Города, села и достопримечательности. Родная страна
  10. Страны изучаемого языка и их культурные особенности (национальные праздники, знаменательные даты традиции, обычаи). Родная страна
  11. Выдающиеся люди родной страны их вклад в науку и мировую культуру
  12. Путешествия по странам изучаемого языка и по России
  13. Технический прогресс
  14. Глобальные проблемы современности (Poverty, War Conflicts, Ecological Problems, etc.)
  15. СМИ (пресса, телевидение, радио, интернет)
  16. Природа и проблемы экологии
  17. Здоровый образ жизни

Источник: Кодификатор элементов содержания и требований к уровню подготовки обучающихся для проведения основного государственного экзамена по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ в 9 классе в 2019 году

Примерные темы заданий по говорению в 2019 — 2020 году (из кодификатора ФИПИ)

Социально-бытовая сфера общения: общение в семье и школе, межличностные отношения с друзьями и сверстниками.
Социально-культурная сфера: досуг и увлечения молодежи; страны изучаемого языка; родная страна; выдающиеся люди, их вклад в науку и мировую культуру; природа и проблемы экологии; здоровой образ жизни.
Учебно-трудовая сфера: проблема выбора профессии и роль иностранного языка.

В презентации ниже предлагаются 30 тем для подготовки монологического высказывания (устная часть, задание С3), которые взяты из разных источников по подготовке к ОГЭ и, частично, с сайта ФИПИ.

Английский язык. Подготовка к ОГЭ. Устная часть

Темы по английскому языку для подготовки к ОГЭ (из презентации)

  1. Family
  2. Best Friend
  3. Daily Routine
  4. Free Time
  5. Photography
  6. Watching TV
  7. The Internet
  8. Mass Media
  9. Books
  10. Films
  11. Ideal Holiday
  12. Travelling
  13. The Place that impressed you most
  14. Home Town
  15. Sports
  16. Foreign Languages
  17. Healthy Food
  18. Healthy Lifestyle
  19. Ecological Problems
  20. Weather
  21. Weather and Seasons
  22. Problems of the Young
  23. Teenage Fashion
  24. Plans for the Future
  25. Career Choice
  26. Holidays and Celebrations
  27. Favourite Holiday
  28. School Life
  29. Animals
  30. Pets

Презентация «Подготовка к устной части ОГЭ. Задание С3»

Как сдать ОГЭ и ЕГЭ на максимальный балл ?

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about sports. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10–12 sentences). Remember to say:

  • why a lot of young people do sports nowadays;
  • what sports clubs and teams there are in your school;
  • what you do to keep fit;  
  • what your attitude to doing sports activities is.

 You have to talk continuously.

I want to talk about sports. Nowadays a lot of young people do sports because they want to be fit and look pretty good. It’s also very good for their health. Some young boys and girls take part in sport competitions, than they choose sport as a future profession. That’s why to go in for sport is very popular among young people nowadays.

In our school we have volleyball,football and basketball clubs, and also tennis. There is a gym in our school with modern equipment. Many students of our school attend the it when they have free time. I joined volleyball club two years ago. Very often I take part in competitions. I like it very much.

I think that doing sports is a very good idea for people of any age. To keep fit I attend our school volleyball club and go swimming. Swimming helps me to be in a good mood and to keep myself strong and slim. That’s all I wanted to say about sports.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about the seasons and weather. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes
(10-12 sentences).Remembertosay:

  • what season is the best time in the region where you live
  • whether you agree with the proverb «There is no bad weather, there are only bad clothes»
  • what you usually do when it is nasty and cold

 You have to talk continuously.

I would like to tell about weather and seasons. I live in Siberia, that’s why we have cold weather in winter. Winter comes in November and lasts till March. Spring is also not very warm. The best season in the region where I live is winter, I think, because I like skiing, making snowmen and skating.

So, I entirely agree with the proverb “There is no bad weather, there are only bad clothes”. We must wear warm clothes in our region and we won’t freeze, so we will be healthy. Our clothes should be comfortable and should be made of natural cloth.

When the weather is nasty and cold, I usually spend time at home with my family. I read books, watch TV or prepare food with my mum. Also we play table games together and after that drink tea with a pie. Sometimes, I go to the cinema with my friends or my family. Also we go to the shopping center in such cold weather. We buy something and go to the cafe. That’s all I wanted to say about weather and season.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about pets. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (1012 sentences). Remembertosay:

  • whypeoplekeeppets; 
  • what pets are most popular in big cities;
  • whether having pets is a big responsibility, and why;
  • what your attitude to keeping pets is.

 You have to talk continuously.

I am going to tell about pets. I think that people keep pets, because they love them very much or, may be, for a child. Sometimes people keep pets for breeding purebred animals. Pets are very cute and interesting. They are devoted to the master, especially dogs.

The most popular pets are cats, dogs, hamsters,fish, tortoises, guinea pigs, parrots, canaries. Some people keep unusual pets at home, for example, lizards, snakes or spiders.

 Having pets is a big responsibility, I suppose. You need to take your pet to the vet. Also it is necessary to vaccinate your pet and to give him vitamins. The feed for the pet must be balanced, healthy and nutritious. A man must take care of his pet.

Most of all I like cats and dogs. It is fun to play with them. Dogs are real friends and it’s wonderful to have such a real devoted friend. Cats are so lazy, but help to relax after a busy day at work or study. That’s all I wanted to say about pets.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about your career plans. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10-12 sentences).

Remember to say:

·         what job you want to do in the future

·         what two subjects you think are the most important for your future job, and why

·         whether your family approve of your career choice or not

You have to talk continuously.

I would like to tell you about my career plans. I have already made up my mind that my future profession will be connected with foreign languages. I want to be an interpreter. I need to learn more languages if I want to be a great professional in my career choice. I am dreaming of learning English, German and Spanish.

Also, I am sure that to become a good interpreter I need to know my native language very well, because my speech must be very literate and educated. So, I find it very important to learn English and Russian.

My family approves of my career choice. My father considers, that I will travel all over the world without any problems and I will be able to understand another people. My mother is a teacher of English. She likes her job and my choice brings her much happiness. My brother is sure, that my choice is right, because my profession is demanded and very interesting. That’s all I wanted to say about my career plans.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about your free time. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10–12 sentences). Remember to say:

  • whether you have a lot of free time, and why, or why not;
  • what you enjoy doing in your free time;
  • what your Sunday afternoons are like;
  • what your attitude to planning your free time is. 

You have to talk continuously.

I am going to tell you about my free time. I don’t have a lot of free time every day, because I have been preparing for the exams since September. To pass my exams successfully I must study hard. After my classes at school I go home and spend many hours studying and learning new material.

When I have spare time, I like to go the cinema or to the cafe with my friends. Also I try to go for a walk. Fresh air is very useful for our health. I like to go shopping also. I prefer to spend my weekend with my family.

Sunday afternoon is usually happy, because my mum and I try to prepare something delicious for the dinner. We like lasagna, different pies, meat with vegetables and cakes. My family is very friendly and we like to spend time together talking,laughing and joking. My Sunday is very pleasant, calm and soulful. It helps us to start a new week with a good mood.

Sometimes I plan my free time with my family. For example, if we are going to go the country on the weekend. Also, we try to plan if we are invited to the party or to the friends’ house.That’s all I wanted to say about my free time.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about learning English. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (10-12 sentences).

Remember to say:

·         whether it is necessary to speak English nowadays, and why

·         what you do to improve your English

·         what other languages you would like to learn

You have to talk continuously.

I would like to tell you about learning English. I suppose, that it’s necessary to learn English nowadays. To speak English means to develop our mind, first of all. When a person learns by heart new words, word combinations and rules, he enriches his memory. It is very important for everyone to develop their mind. English is one of the most important languages in the modern world. If you go abroad with perfect knowledge of English you are sure to understand a foreigner. Moreover, you will have a chance to meet a new friend abroad. Nowadays, we can see so many interesting books in English. If you learn English, you can read them in the original. When we surf the net, we can see, that a lot of interesting and useful information is written in English. Our knowledge of English will help us to read and to understand it.

To improve my English I try to study hard. I attend extra English classes, I read a lot of books and watch films and programs in the original, I learn by heart new words and grammar rules, also I try to communicate with English native speakers. I have a very friendly and open minded pen-friend. It is a great pleasure to communicate with him.

I would like to learn French and Spanish. I think, that these languages are very beautiful and interesting. If I speak these languages I will be able to get acquainted with Frenchmen and Spaniards. In the future I am going to learn these languages and to travel all over the world. That’s all I wanted to say about learning English.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about the place where you live. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10–12 sentences). Remember to say:

  • what your city, town or village is famous for;
  • what your favourite place in your city, town or village is, and why you like it;
  • whether you are going to stay in your city, town or village after leaving school or move to another place, and why;
  • what your attitude to your city, town or village is.

 You have to talk continuously.

I am going to tell you about the place where I live. I live in Nizhnevartovsk. It is situated in the North of our big beautiful country. Nizhnevartovsk is famous for the largest Russian Samotlor oil field. The field is located at Lake Samotlor. There are a lot of oil and gas wells in the сountry. Our town is often called “The country of Samotlor”.

I have many favorite places in my town: the bank of the river and our Victory park. My family and I like to spend weekends visiting recreation centers, where we can ski, skate or sled. We have a good time there. Also I like to attend our Drama theater.

After leaving school I want to go to our state university. I am going to learn foreign languages there. I would like to stay in my town, because I feel comfortable in Nizhnevartovsk, it is my small homeland. When I go on holidays I miss my town and I am always glad to go back home. That’s all I wanted to say about the place where I live.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about the place where you live. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10–12 sentences). Remember to say:

  • what your city, town or village is famous for;
  • what your favourite place in your city, town or village is, and why you like it;
  • whether you are going to stay in your city, town or village after leaving school or move to another place, and why;
  • what your attitude to your city, town or village is.

 You have to talk continuously.

I am going to tell you about the place where I live. I live in Saint Petersburg, it is a port city on the Baltic Sea. Our city is the most beautiful city in our big country, I think. Saint Petersburg is situated on water, it consists of forty-four islands connected to each other with beautiful and famous bridges. These bridges can open at night. It helps ships to cross Saint Petersburg. Our city is famous for its magnificent architecture, museums, theaters, parks, cathedrals, churches, monuments, it’s history.

My favorite place in my city is Saint Isaac’s Cathedral. It is the biggest temple in Russia. From the top of the Isaac cathedral you can enjoy the wonderful view of the city.

After leaving school I am not going to move to another place, because our city is full of opportunities for study and job. It is my home, I love it and I am happy to walk on Nevsky Prospect and to visit our main sights. Saint Petersburg is the most beautiful city in the world, it is the dream of many people. It attracts people from many countries and stays in the heart of every visitor forever. That’s all I wanted to say about Saint Petersburg.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about photography. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (1012 sentences). Remembertosay:

  • why people like taking photos;
  • why taking photos is more popular today than it was in the past;
  • what the best photo you have ever taken is; 
  • what your attitude to taking photos is.

 You have to talk continuously.

Now I want to tell you about photography. Nowadays people like taking pictures. It is one of the best ways of expressing themselves, I think. Usually, people take pictures when they are happy and looks very bright. On some special occasions we also take pictures in order to remember such important or happy moments for us. Taking pictures is also hobby for many people. The amount of girls and boys who enroll in different photography courses increases every day.

In our modern world of social networks it is necessary to have excellent photos to download to our own pages. With the help of photography we show ourselves to another people. That’s why taking pictures is more popular today than it was in the past.

As for me, I have a lot of photos and I like to take photos. The best photo I have ever takes is the photo with my family during our summer holidays. We went to the seaside altogether and swam in the sea. My family and I liked to sunbathe and spend time talking and laughing. It was the best time of the year. That’s all I wanted to say about photography.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about keeping fit. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (1012 sentences). Remember to say:

·         why a healthy lifestyle is popular nowadays;

·         what you do to keep fit;

·         what sports activities are popular with teenagers in your region;

·         what your attitude to a healthy lifestyle is.

You have to talk continuously.

Now I want to give a talk about keeping fit. A healthy lifestyle is very popular and fashionable nowadays. A sporty and healthy body is the aim of modern youth. That’s why they attend the gym, eat healthy food and refuse from bad habits.

To keep fit I try to eat healthy food, to sleep 7-8 hours and to move. Physical activity is necessary for me, that’s why I go swimming three times a week and attend PE lessons at school. Sometimes I play volleyball with my friends.

In my region there are many popular sports activities with teenagers, such as hockey, skiing, skating, volleyball and football. Lots of competitions are held every year and our sportsmen win a victory.

I believe that healthy lifestyle creates our life. A healthy sporty person attracts other people’s attention. Such person is a successful person in many spheres of our life. That’s all I wanted to say about a healthy lifestyle.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about your best friend. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10–12 sentences). Remember to say:

  • what people need friends for;
  • how long you and your friend have known each other;
  • what you enjoy doing together;
  • what your attitude to friendship is. 

You have to talk continuously.

I am going to give a talk about my best friend. People need friends for many reasons. The most important is support, I suppose. When you are in trouble, you need to talk with someone who can understand you. This person won’t blame you and will try to help you with a peace of advice. Also fun plays a big role in our relationships with the best friend. When you are in a bad mood, your best friend will be able to cheer up you with pleasure and understanding.

My best girlfriend is Ulyana. We have known each other since our childhood. We got acquainted when we were five years old. Then we studied together in the same class.

Ulyana and I like to read books. Then we discuss problems which are raised in these books. Also we like to go to the swimming pool and to the cinema together. Very often I go shopping with her. After lessons we prefer to walk in the park and to breathe fresh air. We talk and laugh. We like to spend time with each other.

I think that friendship plays a big role in our life. To my mind to find a real friend you should be friendly, kind hearted, polite and cheerful. That’s all I wanted to say about my best friend.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about your school holidays. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10–12 sentences). Remember to say:

  • when you have school holidays;
  • what school holidays you would make longer, and why;
  • what you enjoy doing during your school holidays;
  • what your attitude to school holidays is.

 You have to talk continuously.

Now I want to tell you about my school holidays. We usually have holidays four times a year at school. Autumn holidays last a week, than winter holidays are longer — almost two weeks, spring holidays also last a week. Summer holidays are much longer than the others, they last three months.

I like my school life, but if I were a headmaster, I would make autumn and spring holidays longer. I suppose, that a week is too small for the rest. I would make them two weeks. We would have time to relax and to spend time with our family, relatives and friends.

During my school holidays I enjoy having rest at home. In summer my family and I go to the seaside. It’s the happiest time of the year. We like swimming and sunbathing. We prefer to visit new places, countries.

I find it so interesting to get knowledge about new unknown cultures. New cities and landscapes broaden our horizons. It’s so exiting. I like my school holidays. That’s all I wanted to say about my school holidays.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about school homework. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10–12 sentences). Remember to say:

  • how long it takes you to do your homework;
  • what subject you usually start with, and why;
  • whether schoolchildren should be given more or less homework, and why;
  • what your attitude to school homework is.

You have to talk continuously.

I want to give a talk about my school homework. To begin with, I strongly believe, that doing homework is an essential part of studying at school. There is no study without working at home. Usually it takes me four or five hours to do my homework.

I try to start with difficult subjects, such as Maths, Physics, Chemistry, Russian, English. I suppose that these subjects need more concentration, mental activity and time. That’s why they,re always done first of all. After that I do Literature, Geography, History or Biology. Than I study for my exams till the evening.

Luckily, I must say, we have different teachers. Some teachers don’t give us so much home tasks, because we manage to do almost everything during the lesson. Some teachers give us a lot of homework. I don’t prefer to get bad marks, that’s why I try to do everything. But it would be better if our teachers gave us less homework. We could have a rest and attend some extra interesting classes. In conclusion, I want to say that education makes us stronger and more literate and I am going to get good education in the future.That’s all I wanted to say about school homework.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about holidays. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10-12 sentences).

Remember to say:

·         what holidays are most popular in your country

·         what your favourite holiday is and how you celebrate it

·         if you prefer to give presents or to get presents, and why

You have to talk continuously.

I want to tell you about holidays which are celebrated in our country. We have a lot of holidays in Russia: New Year’s Day, Christmas, Defender of the Fatherland Day, International Women’s Day, Spring and Labour Day, Victory Day, Russia Day and Unity Day. These holidays are very popular among people in our country and they celebrate them in different ways.

My favorite holiday is New Year’s Day. I like this holiday so much. The weather is usually cold and there is a lot of snow everywhere. I have winter holidays. New Year’s Day is considered to be a family holiday, we prefer to celebrate it at home. We begin preparations in advance. My parents and I decorate our house. We decorate a New Year’s tree with beautiful toys, lights and sweets. Also we prepare tasty and delicious food with my mom and dad. At 12 o’clock we meet Nee Year and wish each other health, wealth and happiness.

I like both to give and to get presents. It’s so pleasant to give handmade presents to my relatives. They always like them. To get presents from my father and mother is a real pleasure for me. They always know what I am dreaming about. I love my family. That’s all I wanted to say about holidays in Russia.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about school life. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10–12 sentences). Remember to say:

  • what your weekday is like;
  • what you like about your school most of all;
  • whether you prefer classroom learning or online learning, and why;
  • what your attitude to your school life is.

You have to talk continuously.

I want to tell you about my school life. My typical school day lasts seven or eight hours. It begins at nine o’clock in the morning. I usually have six or seven classes a day. Moreover, four times a week I have extra classes. I have Russian, Maths, English and Biology.

My favorite subject is English, of course. To speak English fluently is my main aim. I will be able to communicate with native speakers, to travel around the world and to see new countries if I learn English perfectly. My school is very big and beautiful. I like to attend my school. I like my school life because I like my classmates, my friends and my teachers. It is a pleasure to spend so much time among them. I find them friendly, open minded, clever, educated and kind. School life is an important part of every person’s life. We learn to be in society, to communicate with people of different ages. It prepares us for our adulthood. My school is very important for me for it’s knowledge that I get there every day from my teachers and books. That’s all I wanted to say about my school.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about the Internet. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10–12 sentences). Remember to say:

  • why today’s teenagers use the Internet so much; 
  • how the Internet makes long-distance communication easier;
  • what dangers teenagers can face when they use the Internet;
  • what your attitude to the Internet is. 

You have to talk continuously.

Now I want to tell you about the internet. Nowadays teenagers can’t imagine their lives without the internet. First of all, we can stay in touch with our friends, relatives and colleagues. Also, the internet always helps us to find any information we need and like. We are lucky to find lots of internet sites with useful information about everything: science, history, psychology, sports, beauty, fashion, cooking and music. Moreover we can download movies, music and also it is interesting to play games on-line. The internet makes long-distance communication easier with the help of chatting on-line. It makes no difference how far we are from each other.

But in spite of this teenagers can face a lot of dangers. The main danger is our health: vision and posture. Less of movements can lead to the obesity. The next danger is the internet-addiction, when teenagers can’t take away their gadgets, because they wait for a message from someone or just want look for something interesting. Also viewing inappropriate content is a danger. I think that parents must control this point. And ,of course , chatting with strangers is a big problem in the net nowadays. Teenagers can be deceived by criminals. I think, that the internet is very useful for us, but anyway, we must be reasonable users of the net and in this case the internet will be our assistant. That’s all I wanted to say about the internet.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about films. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (1012 sentences). Remember to say:

·         what kinds of films modern teenagers enjoy;

·         where you prefer watching films: on TV, on the Internet or in the cinema, and why;

·         what film you have seen recently, what  it was about;

·         what your attitude to watching films as a way to spend your free time is.

You have to talk continuously.

Now I want to give you a small talk about films. Modern teenagers enjoy different kinds of films. We have different opportunities to watch any film we like. The internet helps us with it and we can download or watch any film online. I find it very comfortable.

I like to watch new films in the cinema. I like to meet with my friends and to enjoy watching a new film. My favorite films I like to watch at home on TV or on the internet. I’ve seen the film from the Harry Potter series recently, it is called “Harry Potter and Deathly Hallows”. It is a fantasy. This film is about the war between wizards. I find this chapter serious, cold, sometimes sad and fantastic. The winner of this war is Harry Potter, of course, I am proud of him. As for me, I suppose, that watching films is a very interesting way to spend my free time. I like to know new actors and interesting breathtaking plots. That’s all I wanted to say about films.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about TV. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10–12 sentences). Remember to say:

  • why people spend time watching TV;
  • what most teenagers prefer: watching TV or  browsing the Internet, and why;
  • whether there is a TV programme you really like;
  • what your attitude to watching TV as a way to spend your free time  is.

You have to talk continuously.

I am going to tell you about television. I find it really important in our everyday life. Looking at my father, who can’t live without the news on TV, I always understand, that the internet won’t displace the television. A lot of people spend really much time watching TV programs, shows and films. They do it to relax after the working day, to know new interesting information about something and, of course, they want to know what is happening in the world at the present moment. It’s so important, I suppose.

Teenagers are young and modern, so they prefer browsing the internet using their different gadgets. They don’t like to wait, it is much easier to download films and to watch them any time they can and like. Also, if they aren’t at home, they can watch any program or film online using the internet. It’s so comfortable.

As for me, I like to watch educational TV programs in English, because I am going to be an interpreter in the future. But to tell you the truth, I like to watch cartoons on TV with my little brother. It’s so funny and relaxing. That’s all I wanted to say about television.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about animals. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (1012 sentences). Remember to say:

  • what wild animals live in your region;
  • whether it is a good idea to keep a wild animal as a pet, and why;
  • why people build zoos in cities and towns;
  • what your attitude to zoos is.

You have to talk continuously.

Let me give a talk about animals. In my region live about sixty wild animals, sixteen of them considered to be hunters. Deers, moose, martens,boars, arctic foxes, sables, hares, otters, weasel animals, foxes, squirrels, stoats, brown bears and many other animals live in Siberia. Some animals are included in the Red book, such as wolverines, minks and also river beavers. The biggest and the most dangerous is the brown bear. It is thought to be the master of the taiga.  

Everybody knows that people build zoos. Animals are kept in the zoos to show children and adults how different kinds of animals look and behave. It is interesting. Very often people meet sick wild animals in the wood and then they live in the zoo, because recovered animals have poor health and won’t be able to live among the other wild strong animals. They are kept in the zoo to stay alive. I don’t think that to keep a wild animal as a pet is a good idea. It is dangerous and not so humanely. Wild animals should live in the wild nature, because only there they will be able to live in the freedom. That’s all I wanted to say about animals.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about travelling. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (1012 sentences). Remember to say:

  • why most people like travelling;
  • which season is the best for travelling in your opinion;
  • what means of transport is the best for travelling, and why;
  • what your attitude to travelling is.

You have to talk continuously.

I would like to tell about travelling. Lots of people like to travel, because it’s interesting, it develops our mind and imagination. It so exciting to see new places, to meet new people and to make new friends all over the world.

In my opinion, there is no best season for travelling. There are many interesting places to see with different climate in our planet. And I think that any weather is good in its own way. When it is cold in my region, it is hot in another country.

I consider that it is wonderful to travel by plane or by train. If the distance between destinations is big, it is better to choose a plane, cause it is fast and comfortable. If the distance isn’t too big, I prefer to travel by train. I like to see new towns and different nature during my trip.

As for me, I like to travel very much. I choose the places where there is the sea. There is no sea in our region that’s why I prefer warm countries for the rest. Also I like to visit big cities — capitals of different countries, because they always attract traveller’s attention by their novelty, beauty and power. That’s all I wanted to say about travelling.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about holidays. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10-12 sentences).

Remember to say:

·         what holidays are most popular in your country

·         what your favourite holiday is and how you celebrate it

·         if you prefer to give presents or to get presents, and why

You have to talk continuously.

I am going to tell you about holidays which are the most popular in my country. We have a lot of holidays in Russia: New Year, Christmas, Defender of the Fatherland Day, International Women’s Day, Spring and Labour Day, Victory Day, Russia Day and Unity Day. These holidays are very famous among people in my country and they celebrate them in different ways.

My favorite holiday is my birthday. I was born on the 22nd of May. It’s spring and the weather is usually wonderful. I like this holiday so much, because it’s my day when my parents, friends and relatives come to our house and congratulate me. My parents and I always prepare so much tasty food: meat with potatoes, salads and, of course, a very tasty cake. We dance, sing songs, play different games and laugh, joke and tell funny stories during my birthday party.

I always get many presents, I like to get them. Most of all I like to get flowers. They are so beautiful. But I must say, that I also like to give presents. It is always so pleasant to give someone happiness and joy. That’s all I wanted to say about holidays.

You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more
than 2 minutes (10-12 sentences).

You are going to give a talk about:

1.        

keeping fit.

·        
why a healthy lifestyle is more popular nowadays

·        
what you do to keep fit

·        
what sports activities are popular with teenagers in your region

2.        

your school.

·        
what you like most about your school

·        
what weekday you find the most difficult, and why

·        
what you would like to change in your school life

3.        

the place where you live

·        
what your city, town or village is famous for

·        
what your favourite place in your city, town or village is, and why you like
it

·        
whether you are going to stay in your city, town or village after leaving
school or move to another place, and why

4.        

foreign languages.

·        
why lots of people learn foreign languages nowadays

·        
why you have chosen to do the English exam this year

·        
what you did to prepare for your English exam

5.        

pets.

·        
why people keep pets

·        
what pets are most popular in big cities

·        
whether having pets is a big responsibility, and why

6.        

the Internet.

·        
why today’s teenagers use the Internet so much

·        
how the Internet makes long-distance communication easier

·        
what dangers teenagers can face when they use the Internet

7.        

holidays.

·        
what holidays are most popular in your country

·        
what your favourite holiday is and how you celebrate it

·        
if you prefer to give presents or to get presents, and why

8.        

the Internet.

·        
why using the Internet is so popular

·        
how the Internet can help students in their studies

·        
whether the Internet can be dangerous, and why

9.        

travelling.

·        
why most people like travelling

·        
which season is the best for travelling in your opinion

·        
what means of transport is the best, and why

10.     

your career plans.

·        
what job you want to do in the future

·        
what two subjects you think are the most important for your future job, and
why

·        
whether your family approve of your career choice or not

11.     

about your school

·        
what your typical school day is like

·        
what your favourite subject is, and why

·        
what you like most about your school

12.     

books.

  • whether
    reading is still popular with teenagers, and why, or why not
  • what kind of
    books you like reading

why
many people prefer e-books to paper books

13.     

school homework.

  • how long it
    takes you to do your homework
  • what
    subject you usually start with, and why

whether
schoolchildren should be given more or less homework, and why

14.     

travelling.

  • why most
    people enjoy travelling
  • what people
    like doing while travelling

what
place you would like to go to, and why

15.     

TV.

·        
whether watching TV is still a popular pastime with teenagers, and why, or
why not

·        
how many hours a week you watch TV

·        
what you dislike most about TV

16.   
 

free
time.

  • whether you
    have a lot of free time, and why, or why not
  • what you
    enjoy doing in your free time
  • what your
    Sunday afternoons are like

17.     

weather and seasons.

  • which of the
    four seasons you like most, and why
  • how the
    Earth’s climate has changed recently
  • whether you
    trust the weather forecast, and why

18.   
 

public
holidays in Russia.

  • what public
    holidays are celebrated in Russia
  • what your
    favourite public holiday is, and why you like it
  • how your
    favourite public holiday is celebrated in your city, town or village

19.     

photography.

  • why
    people like taking pictures
  • why taking
    photos is more popular today than it was in the past
  • what the
    best photo you have ever taken is

20.     

school uniform.

  • whether it
    is important to wear uniform at school, and why
  • what
    clothes you wear to school
  • what you
    like most about your school

21.     

travelling.

  • why people like travelling
  • what means
    of transport is the best for travelling, in your view
  • what places
    in Russia you would like to visit

22.     

foreign languages.

  • why a lot
    of young people learn foreign languages
  • how people
    can improve their language skills
  • what
    foreign languages you would like to learn and why

23.     

television.

·       
why people spend time watching TV

·       
what most teenagers prefer: watching TV or  browsing the Internet, and
why

·       
whether there is a TV programme you really like

24.   
 

school
life.

  • what your
    weekday is like
  • what you like
    about your school most of all
  • whether you
    prefer classroom learning or online learning, and why

25.     

the seasons and weather.

  • what season
    is the best time in the region where you live
  • whether you
    agree with the proverb «There is no bad weather, there are only bad
    clothes»
  • what you
    usually do when it is nasty and cold

26.     

animals.

  • what wild
    animals live in your region
  • why people
    build zoos in the cities and towns
  • whether it
    is a good idea to keep a wild animal as a pet, and why

27.     

books.

  • what kind
    of books modern teenagers enjoy reading
  • whether
    libraries are necessary nowadays or not, and why
  • what book
    you have read recently, and what it was about

28.     

your best friend.

  • what people
    need friends for
  • how long
    you and your friend have known each other
  • what
    you enjoy doing together

29.     

your school holidays.

  • when you
    have school holidays
  • what school
    holidays you would make longer, and why
  • what you
    enjoy doing during your school holidays

30.     

your school.

  •  what
    you like about your school most of all
  • how many
    lessons you usually have
  • what school
    subjects you have chosen for your exams, and why

31.     

travelling.

  • why modern
    people travel so much
  • what
    tourists usually do while travelling
  • what places
    in your region you recommend tourists should visit

32.     

school.

·        
what your typical school day is like

·        
what subjects at school you find most useful for your future, and why

·        
 what you are going to do when you leave school

33.   
 

sports.

  • why a lot of
    young people do sports nowadays
  • what sports
    clubs and teams there are in your school
  • what you do
    to keep fit

34.     

healthy lifestyle.

  • why doing
    sport is very important for modern teenagers
  • what else
    besides sport  young people do to keep fit and healthy
  • what you
     enjoy doing in your free time

35.     

films.

·       
what kinds of films modern teenagers enjoy

·       
where you prefer watching films: on TV, on the Internet or in the cinema, and
why

·       
what film you have seen recently, what  it was about

36.   
 

environmental
problems.

·       
why people worry about environmental problems nowadays

·       
what the most serious environmental problem in the place where you live is

·       
what young people can do to improve the ecological situation

37.   
 

your
career choice.

·       
what job and education opportunities young people have after finishing the
9th form

·       
what job you would like to do in the future, explain your choice

·       
what advice your parents have given you about your career choice

38.   
 

your
career choice.

·       
what jobs, in your opinion, will be popular in the future, and why

·       
what sort of job you would like to do

·       
what school subjects will be important for your future jo

39.   
 

travelling.

·       
why most people like  travelling

·       
whether it is easier to travel nowadays than centuries ago, and why

·       
what country or continent you would like to visit

“Keeping fit”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about keeping fit. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes. Remember to say:
· why a healthy lifestyle is more popular nowadays;
· what you do to keep fit;
· what sports activities are popular with teenagers in your region.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ
Well, now I’m going to give a talk about keeping fit and healthy lifestyle.

Healthy lifestyle is becoming more and more popular nowadays. There is a number of reasons for that but the most important reason is that people live under the pressure of different problems, such as social, ecological, economic and others. A person should be strong and healthy in order to overcome all difficulties. Healthy lifestyle helps people do that.

As for me, I try to keep fit in different ways. First of all, I do my morning exercises every day. In addition to it, I go to the swimming pool once or sometimes twice a week. Also, I stay away from bad habits, because I’m convinced that cigarettes, alcohol and drugs destroy both body and brain.

Well, as for other teenagers of my region, I should say that they are interested in different sports activities. They often play football and other active games on sports grounds, go to gyms and swimming pools. Besides, more and more young men become interested in martial arts, such as karate, boxing, kickboxing, judo and so on.

In conclusion, I’d like to emphasis the fact that healthy lifestyle is a “must” for modern people.

“My school”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about your school. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes. Remember to say:
· what you like most about your school;
· what weekday you find the most difficult, and why;
· what you would like to change in your school life.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ
Well, now I’m going to give a talk about my school.

To begin with, I’d like to say that my school is one of the biggest schools in my city, where more than one thousand pupils get their education.

I like my school very much, but it is my classmates that I like best of all. We are all good friends and get on well with each other. We spend much time together doing sports, playing active games and so on.

As for weekdays, I find Monday the most difficult one because we have six lessons this day, including Mathematics and Physics. Frankly speaking, I’m not good at these subjects, and I don’t enjoy these lessons.

In my opinion, much can be changed and improved in my school. For example, PE lessons. I’d like them to be more diverse. As a rule, we play volleyball and basketball at the lessons, or simply run at the stadium. It would be better if we had a chance to work out with weights and play games that are more interesting.

In conclusion, I’d like to emphasis the fact that school education is very important for teenagers and should help them build their character and develop their mind.

Задание (вариант 2)
You are going to give a talk about your school. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· what your typical school day is like;
· what your favourite subject is, and why;
· what you like most about your school.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ
Well, now I’m going to give a talk about my school.

To begin with, I’d like to say that my school is one of the biggest schools in my city, where more than one thousand pupils get their education.

As far as my typical school day concerned, I should say it is very busy. It usually starts at 8 o’clock in the morning and comes to an end at 2 or 3 o’clock in the afternoon. Every day we have 6 and sometimes 7 lessons. We also have breaks, but they are not very long.

As I have just mentioned, my typical school day involves a number of lessons. Russian, Literature, and Mathematics are the most frequent ones. As a rule, we do a lot of work at these lessons: learn rules, do exercises and tests, write essays, make reports, and so on.

My favourite subject is English. I have been learning it since the 2nd form and I hope to relate my life to it. There are some chances that I will be an interpreter. If not, I can always go to school and be an English teacher.

I like a lot in my school but it is my classmates that I like most. We are all good friends and get on well with each other. We spend much time together doing sports, playing active games, going to the cinema.

In conclusion, I’d like to emphasis the fact that school education is very important for teenagers and should help them build their character and develop their mind.

“The place where I live”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about the place where you live. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· what your city, town or village is famous for;
· what your favourite place in your city, town or village is, and why you like it;
· whether you are going to stay in your city, town or village after leaving school or move to another place, and why.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ (на примере г. Кемерово)
Well, I am going to give a talk about my city.

To begin with, I’d like to say that the name of my city is Kemerovo. This is the capital of Kuzbass, the main coal region of Siberia.

In the first place, Kemerovo is famous for its coal producers and chemical industry. Coal mined here is consumed in this country and exported abroad. In addition to coal, different chemicals are produced here. The products of a gigantic plant Azot are in great demand all over the country.

As for me, I like my city very much, because it has lots of beautiful places where you can rest and relax. The embankment of the river Tom is my favourite place in Kemerovo. Here you can sit quietly on the banks and admire wonderful nature. The embankment is also a good place where you can walk alone or with your friends.

Frankly speaking, I haven’t yet decided what to do after leaving school. It depends on many factors. More likely I will stay in my city, because I have all the opportunities to get good education here. I just have no reason of moving to another region.

In conclusion, I’d like to invite everyone to visit Kemerovo and enjoy this city.

“Foreign languages”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about foreign languages. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· why lots of people learn foreign languages nowadays;
· why you have chosen to do the English exam this year;
· what you did to prepare for your English exam.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ
To begin with, I’d like to say that more and more people learn foreign languages nowadays. They do it for a number of reasons. In the first place, people want to understand citizens of other countries and to be understood by them. In addition to it, travelling has become easier, and the Russians have a variety of opportunities for going abroad. If you are fluent in a foreign language, you feel more confident.

It goes without saying that English is established as the most important and popular language. As for me, I have been learning English for 5 years. And this year I have chosen to do the English exam. I regard this exam as a chance to test my language skills. I have always wanted to know my real speaking skills and find out my strengths and weaknesses.

I did much work to prepare for my English exam. First of all, I revised grammar. I learned a lot of rules and consolidated them in doing exercises. In addition to it, I read texts of various genres to enlarge my vocabulary. I also listened to a number of radio programmes and podcasts to make my listening better. And I also made efforts to improve my speaking. I used every chance to speak English at the lessons and at home.

In conclusion, I’d like to emphasize the fact that English is in great demand these days, so I recommend everybody to start learning it as soon as possible.

“Pets”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about pets. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· why people keep pets;
· what pets are most popular in big cities;
· whether having pets is a big responsibility, and why.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ
Well, I am going to give a talk about pets.

To begin with, I’d like to say that nowadays more and more people keep pets in their houses: cats, dogs, parrots, hamsters, guinea pigs, and so on. They do it for a number of reasons. In the first place, people look for friends, and pets are a kind of friends they can make fast and easily. Besides, pets give positive emotions, that’s why people like to keep them. If you are under stress, you can just stroke your cat and feel somewhat relieved.

As for the most popular pets in big cities, I should say it depends on the following. If you live in a big city, a cat or a small dog would be the best option. Firstly, they don’t need much space to live on. Secondly, you don’t have to spend a lot of money on buying pet food. If you live in the country, you can choose whatever you want. There is always plenty of room and food for any pet here.

Anyway, having pets is a big responsibility. Pets are animate objects, and if you don’t take good care of them, they may fall sick and even die.

In conclusion, I’d like to emphasis the fact that pets play an important part in our life and we should be aware of both pluses and minuses of keeping them.

“The Internet”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about the Internet. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· why today’s teenagers use the Internet so much;
· how the Internet makes long-distance communication easier;
· what dangers teenagers can face when they use the Internet.
You have to talk continuously.

Задание (вариант 2)
You are going to give a talk about the Internet. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· why using the Internet is so popular;
· how the Internet can help students in their studies;
· whether the Internet can be dangerous, and why.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ
To begin with, I’d like to say that we live in the world of modern technologies. We are surrounded by lots of sophisticated gadgets: smartphones, iPhones, notebooks, netbooks, laptops. They are very useful because they have practically unlimited functionality. But it is the connection to the Internet that makes them useful to the max.

Today the Internet is exceedingly popular and used very much, especially by teenagers. They do it for a number of reasons. Firsty, they create their profiles on different social nets such as vkontakte, odnoklassniki, facebook, instagram and others. Young people like communicating with each other, and the social nets give them this opportunity. Secondly, the Internet is a depot of innumerable information, so teenagers use the internet as a source of answers for various questions. So, the Internet helps students in their studies. Whether they need to make a report or prepare for a test, they launch a browser, type in the request and get lots of pages according to the request.

Besides, the Internet makes long-distance communication easier. There are special programs for communication of this kind. One of them is Skype, which is sure to be the most popular program. You can see and hear the person whom you are talking to.

Frankly speaking, the Internet is not as safe as you wish it were. Firstly, the spread of information is uncontrolled on the Internet, so teenagers often run into dangerous pages containing information about selling drugs or committing a suicide. I strongly believe that this information must be banned.

In conclusion I’d like to say that if you follow the safety rules when using the Internet you are not endangered, and you can use the Internet to your advantage as much as possible.

“Holidays”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about holidays. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· what holidays are most popular in your country;
· what your favourite holiday is and how you celebrate it;
· if you prefer to give presents or to get presents, and why.
You have to talk continuously.

Задание (вариант 2)
You are going to give a talk about public holidays in Russia. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· what public holidays are celebrated in Russia;
· what your favourite public holiday is, and why you like it;
· how your favourite public holiday is celebrated in your city, town or village.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ
Well, now I’m going to talk about holidays.

To begin with, holidays play an important part in our life. Holidays give us an opportunity to rest and relax, they also improve our mood and make us happier.

Our country has a number of (public) holidays. The most popular are New Year, the 8th of March (the women’s day), Spring and Labour Day, Victory Day, Russia Day, and others. All these holidays are very important for every citizen of the Russian Federation.

My favorite (public) holiday is New Year because this is a special occasion. It is not only an opportunity to relax but also to think about how you lived the past year and make plans for the next one. In addition to it, New Year is a reunion for the whole family, so we always look forward to it.

My family established its own way of celebrating New Year. In the evening we visit our best friends who live next door and spend some time together. Then, at midnight, we come back home and have our special holiday meal. We usually watch TV shows, listen to music, fool around, and, of course, give each other presents.

As for me, I like both giving presents and getting them. Both actions are very enjoying. But honestly speaking, I like getting presents more because now I don’t have enough money for giving them.

Staying at home with your family is not the only way to celebrate New Year. You can visit city celebrations which include fairs, contests, concerts, and fireworks. The culmination of the New Year celebration in our city is setting up fireworks. It is so exciting!

In conclusion, I’d like to emphasis the fact that every holiday is a great time, and I wish there were as many holidays as possible.

“Travelling”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about travelling. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· why most people like travelling;
· which season is the best for travelling in your opinion;
· what means of transport is the best, and why.
You have to talk continuously.

Задание (вариант 2)
You are going to give a talk about travelling. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· why most people enjoy travelling;
· what people like doing while travelling;
· what place you would like to go to, and why.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ
Nowadays, people have a great variety to rest and relax: going to the cinema, playing sports, and so on. But the most popular option remains travelling.

People like travelling for a number of reasons. Firstly, travelling is a good way to focus away from work and study and, so to say, to recharge batteries. I mean people can replenish their inner supplies of energy and refresh emotions. Secondly, travelling is a good way to broaden the mind and gain knowledge. If you go to a foreign country, you can learn its customs and traditions, see the sights, make friends with local citizens.

While travelling, people like to do different things. It depends upon the place and purpose of your visit. If you travel to a resort town, you usually swim in the sea and bake in the sun. If you travel on business, you’re supposed to establish contacts, carry on talks, make contracts, and so on. If you travel for educational reasons, you attend lessons, go on excursions, gain knowledge and develop your skills.

In my opinion, summer is the best season for travelling. Most adults are on holiday in this period and children have holidays, that’s why summer is the optimal time when you can start on a journey.

As for the means of transport, each one has its pluses and minuses. If you travel by train, you can admire beautiful landscapes and you feel safe. But it takes more time to get to the destination. Travelling by plane saves time but deprives you the chance to enjoy the nature outside, and what is more, fills you with misgivings about the flight.

As for me, I have already travelled to many places, but my dream is to visit Tokyo. This is the place I would like to go to because it is one of the world leaders in business, culture, science and technology. Besides, I plan to learn Japanese in the future, so, visiting Japan can help me to do that.

In conclusion, I’d like to emphasize the fact that travelling plays an important part in our life and everybody should travel as much as possible.

“Career plans”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about your career plans. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· what job you want to do in the future;
· what two subjects you think are the most important for your future job, and why;
· whether your family approve of your career choice or not.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ
All people have to work in order to make a living. It is very important that a person has a job according to his or her abilities and wishes.

As for me, I’d like to be an interpreter in the future. I like foreign languages very much, and, frankly speaking, I’m very good at them. Nowadays, I do my best to learn English and Spanish because they are the languages that are widely spoken and popular with lots of people.

I think that English and Geography are the most important subjects for my future job. They are two subjects that help me learn much about other countries, their customs and traditions. English and Geography also help me understand native people of other countries, respect their culture and communicate with them in the most effective way.

All the members of my family approve my career choice because they strongly believe that interpreting is an exciting and well-paid job. Frankly speaking, my family just wants me to be happy and they support any decision of mine.

In conclusion, I’d like to emphasize the fact that every teenager shouldn’t procrastinate in deciding about his or her job because a successful career requires much time and efforts.

“Books”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about books. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· whether reading is still popular with teenagers, and why, or why not;
· what kind of books you like reading;
· why many people prefer e-books to paper books.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ
Well, I am going to give a talk about books.

To begin with, I’d like to say that there are a lot of ways to spend free time: doing sports, watching TV, going to the cinema, playing games, and so on. And, of course, you can just read a book.

Frankly speaking, reading books is losing its popularity with teenagers making way for more exciting activities, such as watching blockbusters in 3-D, playing computer games, social networking and arranging parties. If a teenager has to choose between reading a book and playing a brand new computer game, he or she will definitely show preference for the game. Modern games excel books in all aspects. Firstly, modern games make a tremendous visual impact. The game world looks extremely realistic. Secondly, when playing a game, you are not an outsider. You are an active insider participating in everything that happens in the game world.

As for me, I have to confess that I am not only a gamer, but also a regular reader. Yes, I like reading very much! Science fiction is my favourite kind of literature because it gives a different view of our reality. It doesn’t present our world as it is but as it could be. I think that science fiction is much deeper than, say, detective stories. The problems science fiction deals with are more global and serious.

If you take a closer look at reading people, you will notice that they usually read e-books. There are a number of reasons why many people prefer e-books to paper books. The main reason is that you can download e-books for free from the Internet. In addition to it, e-books are more comfortable to read. There is a variety of devices that can store e-books: computers, tablets, smartphones.

In conclusion, I’d like to say that modern world is full of exciting things like sports, TV, parties and so on. Nevertheless, books shouldn’t be forgotten.

“School homework”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about your school homework. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· how long it takes you to do your homework;
· what subject you usually start with, and why;
· whether schoolchildren should be given more or less homework, and why.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ

Well, I am going to give a talk about my school homework.

To begin with, I’d like to say that school homework is an essential part of school education. Almost everyone who goes to school is given hometasks.

As for me, duration of doing my homework depends on many factors. For example, our teachers of Literature and History are in the habit of giving a lot of homework, which involves reading many pages of textbooks, writing synopses, making presentations, and so on. If you are not ready with all this stuff, you get a bad mark. As I don’t want to get bad marks, I have to spend long hours to prepare for the lessons. It may take me 3 or even 4 hours to finish the school homework. But to tell the truth, there are teachers who spare pupils’ time and don’t give much work. They organize their lessons so that there is little left for hometask.

As to sequence of subjects, I usually start with Literature because this is the most voluminous subject including many works of fiction, critique, philosophy, and the like. I prefer to get rid of the most boring subject in the first place and then start doing something that is more interesting.

I strongly believe that schoolchildren should be given less homework. I don’t understand teachers who give their pupils too much homework and are sure that they do it well. Teachers should know that our brain can effectively process only a limited amount of information. The rest of information just vanishes. If you keep trying to remember everything you are given by teachers, you will most likely go crazy.

In conclusion, I’d like to appeal to teachers and make them remember their own school life. Teachers should never forget that they were pupils in the past and, like today’s young people, had difficulties with the homework.

“TV”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about TV. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· whether watching TV is still a popular pastime with teenagers, and why, or why not;
· how many hours a week you watch TV;
· what you dislike most about TV.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ
Well, I am going to give a talk about TV.

To begin with, I’d like to say that TV is one of the greatest inventions of all times. It is impossible to imagine days when people lived without TV.

In my opinion, watching TV is losing its popularity with teenagers. The reason is that teenagers prefer the Internet to TV. Not long ago, TV used to be the main source of information and entertainment. It is no longer now. Today, if you want to know what is happening in the world, you launch a browser, do some clicks and get innumerable quantity of information. If you want to watch something entertaining, you don’t need TV. There are lots of youtube channels providing clips, shows, interviews with celebrities, and the like. You can start watching a video, pause it for any time and then start again. You can’t do the same trick with television.

As for me, I don’t watch TV very often. I usually do it when new episodes of my favourite serials appear. So, I watch TV approximately 3 of 4 hours a week. Sometimes it happens that there are no new episodes of my favourite serials, so I spend no time on TV at all.

There are a lot of things I dislike about TV. The fact is endless blocks of commercials drive me really crazy! It goes without saying that advertising gives money for producing new content, but there should be some limits to advertising.

In conclusion, I’d like to acknowledge great importance of television, but at the same time, I’d like to state the fact that TV gradually abandons its absolute position making way for the Internet.

“Free time”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about your free time. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say: · whether you have a lot of free time, and why, or why not;
· what you enjoy doing in your free time;
· what your Sunday afternoons are like.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ
Well, I am going to give a talk about my free time.To begin with, I’d like to say that people have to work more and more in the modern world to make a career, earn a living, and become successful. This also holds true for teenagers, because they have to study a lot. So, both adults and teenagers don’t have much free time.

As for me, I don’t have much free time either, because I am faced with a number of important exams this year. As I don’t want to fail them, I make every effort to learn the necessary material. I read a lot of textbooks and additional articles, do innumerable exercises, attend preparation courses, and so on.

In spite of the fact that I have to work a lot, I try to find some time for recreation and fun. Frankly speaking, I enjoy doing many things in my free time. I like to go for a walk, come to see my friends, watch TV, surf the Internet, and so on. My favourite pastime is going to a swimming pool. I am keen on having a healthy lifestyle, and swimming helps me to keep fit.

As to my Sunday afternoons, I should confess that they are just for doing nothing active. I usually take my tablet, sink into the sofa, and watch videos on youtube or communicate in social nets. Sunday afternoons are the period when I don’t overload myself with activities, because I need to collect my strength for Monday, which is my busiest weekday. In conclusion, I’d like to say that it is very important to not only to have free time but also spend it on your hobbies and interests.

“Weather and seasons”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about weather and seasons. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· which of the four seasons you like most, and why;
· how the Earth’s climate has changed recently;
· whether you trust the weather forecast, and why.
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ
Well, I am going to give a talk about weather and seasons.

To begin with, I’d like to say that there are four seasons in a year: winter, spring, summer, and autumn.

As for me, I like summer most of all, because this is the period when we have vacations. And vacations mean freedom. Absolutely! We have no need to get up early and be in a hurry to leave for school. It is not necessary to spend long hours doing school homework. The only thing we have to do in summer is relaxing to the max. In addition to it, the weather is wonderful in summer! As a rule, it is warm and sunny.

By the way, the Earth’s climate has changed recently. If you take a closer look at what’s happening in the world, you see natural phenomena that never took place before. Melting arctic ice is one of numerous examples. It gradually fills the ocean with huge amounts of additional water that makes the water level higher and causes ecological disasters. In addition to it, mass media often give information about disastrous hurricanes and severe droughts that occur in unexpected time and place.

As to the weather forecast, I don’t trust it if it is given for a long period of time. I don’t believe that man can predict what is going to be in a week or fortnight. Nevertheless, I think that the weather forecast for one or two days is most likely to be correct, and you should trust it.

In conclusion, I’d like to say that weather is an interesting subject, which is worth studying and paying attention to.

“Photography”

Задание
You are going to give a talk about photography. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
· why people like taking pictures
· why taking photos is more popular today than it was in the past
· what the best photo you have ever taken is
You have to talk continuously.

Примерный ответ
Well, I am going to give a talk about photography.To begin with, I’d like to say that people have always wanted beautiful moments of life to last forever. Photography helps them to make it happen.

People like taking pictures for a number of reasons. As I have just mentioned, people want to save beautiful moments of life forever. For example, while visiting an exotic country, you see lots of things that don’t exist in your own area. You’ll never see a coconut tree in Siberia and heaps of snow somewhere in the south. Why not to take a picture? In addition to it, people take pictures not only for fun but also for fixing details of an occurrence. It is often the case when pictures help to investigate a crime.

It is really a fact that taking photos is more popular today than it was in the past. The main reason is that taking photos has become much easier today. You just take a smartphone, do a click and that’s it. It has also become easier to share photos with friends. You can upload it
on your profile in a social net and let everyone see it.

As for me, I like taking photos very much. Frankly speaking, I have lots of good photos, but the best one was taken last year in the Altai Mountains. My friends and I made an ascent of a mountain and took a picture on the very top of it. The picture is just wonderful! When I look at it, I admire beautiful nature and remember my friends.

In conclusion, I’d like to say that taking pictures is a never-ending hobby, which will carry away more and more people.

Многие школьники выбирают ОГЭ в качестве отправной точки и подготовки к ЕГЭ. Давайте разберем, что ожидает школьников, решивших сдавать ОГЭ по английскому — 2024. В статье вся полезная информация: структура экзамена, обзор всех заданий, тематические блоки и план подготовки!

В этой статье:

Структура экзаменаАудированиеЧтениеЛексико-грамматический блокПисьмоУстная частьКакие навыки нужны, чтобы сдать ОГЭ по английскому в 2024 годуС чего начать подготовку к ОГЭ по английскому — 2024

огэ по английскому
Структура ОГЭ по английскому — 2024: к чему и как готовиться

Структура экзамена

Разработчики ОГЭ по английскому — 2024 следуют европейской традиции, разделяя экзамен на две части: письменную и устную. Письменная часть (120 минут) содержит четыре раздела, которые проверяют ключевые аспекты языка:

  • аудирование;
  • чтение;
  • лексико-грамматические навыки;
  • письмо.

Устная часть (15 минут) состоит из трех заданий.

Задания организованы по принципу увеличения сложности. Например, первое задание в блоке аудирования проще, чем последнее. ФИПИ считает, что 9-классники должны знать язык на уровне А2 по международной системе CEFR. Задания и материалы подбираются таким образом, чтобы соответствовать этому уровню.

Однако только знания школьной программы на уровне A2 недостаточно, чтобы получить хороший результат на ОГЭ по английскому — 2024. Важно разбираться в формате экзамена и критериях оценивания. А еще понимать, что именно составители хотят видеть в ответах на вопросы: сколько предложений точно надо написать в письменной части и какую структуру соблюсти. Голова кругом пойдет!

Именно поэтому на наших занятиях по подготовке к ОГЭ по английскому мы занимаемся с учениками не только языком. Важная часть урока — анализ критериев на примере уже готовых решений. Мы изучаем типичные ошибки и подсказываем, на какие хитрости в формулировках заданий стоит обращать внимание. После наших уроков никто не попадается в ловушки составителей ОГЭ! Хотите также? Приходите на наши курсы подготовки, и мы поможем вам сдать ОГЭ лучше всех 💪

Аудирование

В аудировании 11 заданий. В задании 1 теперь дается четыре высказывания и по одному вопросу с вариантами ответа на каждое. Раньше подобное задание было последним в блоке. Второе задание изменилось внешне: теперь ученикам нужно соотнести высказывания с рубриками, выражающими их содержание.

Третье задание полностью новое. Вопросы 6-11 составляют таблицу, которую нужно заполнить, опираясь на прослушанное интервью. От учеников требуется особая аккуратность: нужно не только внимательно слушать говорящего, но и не запутаться в самой таблице и верно записать информацию. 

Чтение

В этом блоке два задания. Задание № 12 относится к базовому уровню сложности: нужно выбрать из предложенных текстов тот, в котором содержится ответ на вопрос. Вопросов больше, чем текстов, поэтому один останется без ответа. За каждое верное соотнесение можно получить один первичный балл, всего — шесть. В ЕГЭ есть похожее задание, но там не вопросы, а заголовки.

Следующее задание сложнее. Ученики должны прочитать текст и определить, опираясь на его содержание, верны ли утверждения. Всего 7 утверждений, за каждый верный ответ дается один первичный балл. В ЕГЭ подобное задание есть в блоке «Аудирование».

Лексико-грамматический блок

Хотя здесь представлены задания только базового уровня, именно в этом блоке ученики чаще всего ошибаются. Ошибки могут быть связаны как с незнанием необходимых тем, так и с непониманием формата заданий.

Задания 20–28 проверяют грамматические навыки, которые должны сформироваться у выпускника 9 класса. Дается связный текст с пропущенными словами. Экзаменуемые должны преобразовать слова таким образом, чтобы они подходили в текст грамматически.

Задания 29–34 похожи на них, но проверяют не грамматические, а морфологические навыки. Ученики должны с помощью приставок или суффиксов изменить слово так, чтобы оно соответствовало пропуску в тексте.

Оба типа заданий есть и в ЕГЭ, однако тематическое наполнение будет отличаться. На ЕГЭ выпускники должны продемонстрировать владение большим объемом грамматического и морфологического материала. С полным списком необходимых тем можно ознакомиться в кодификаторе на сайте ФИПИ.

Письмо

В этом разделе всего одно задание — № 35. Раньше там необходимо было написать личное письмо другу по переписке с соблюдением всех норм, принятых в английском языке. Теперь изменился формат: нужно написать не личное письмо, а имейл. Изменится структура текста: например, больше не нужно писать адрес отправителя и дату. Больше никаких пояснений разработчики не дали.

Задание оценивается по четырем критериям: решение коммуникативной задачи, организация высказывания, лексико-грамматическое оформление текста, орфография и пунктуация. За идеальное выполнение можно получить 10 баллов.

В ФИПИ относят это задание к повышенному уровню сложности, хотя в ЕГЭ это же задание относится к базовому. Еще одно отличие личного письма в ОГЭ — там нужно только ответить на вопросы друга, а на ЕГЭ выпускники должны еще и задать вопросы в ответ.

Устная часть

В первом задании ученики должны прочесть текст вслух. Хотя задание кажется простым, не все справляются с ним успешно — в школах редко уделяют внимание фонетическим навыкам. Тем не менее, если экзаменуемый совершит не более пяти ошибок, он получит два балла за выполнение этого задания.

Второе задание — уникальное изобретение разработчиков ФИПИ. Учащиеся должны поучаствовать в телефонном опросе и ответить на 6 вопросов электронного ассистента. По кодификатору задание относится к повышенному уровню сложности. Трудность задания в том, что у экзаменуемых нет возможности переспросить вопрос, и, соответственно, есть вероятность ошибиться. За каждый верный ответ дают один балл.

В последнем задании необходимо составить монолог по определенной теме, опираясь на план. Хотя задание относится к базовому уровню сложности, ученики выполняют его с трудом. Как и задание 32 в письменной части, монолог оценивается по нескольким критериям: решение коммуникативной задачи, организация высказывания, языковое оформление высказываний. Максимальный балл — 7.

Какие навыки нужны, чтобы сдать ОГЭ по английскому в 2024 году

Составителей ЕГЭ и ОГЭ часто обвиняют в том, что экзамены не проверяют уровень языка. На самом деле каждое задание проверяет определенные языковые навыки. Они пригодятся в будущем, когда ученики окажутся в академической среде вуза, где презентации и выступления на иностранном языке — обычная практика.

  • Чтобы справиться с аудированием, школьники должны понимать общую идею услышанного высказывания, уметь вычленять необходимую информацию из речевого потока
  • В заданиях на чтение ученики показывают навыки внимательного чтения, умение понимать общую идею прочитанного текста
  • Помимо этого, в заданиях 13–19 нужно понимать информацию, представленную как прямо, так и косвенно, перефразированно
  • Задания лексико-грамматического блока проверяют умения применять грамматические правила на практике и догадываться о значении слова, основываясь на контексте
  • В устной части экзаменуемые должны формулировать мысли в форме связного высказывания

Все указанные навыки прописаны в международной шкале оценки иноязычной компетенции. Они соответствуют уровню языка А2–В1.

С чего начать подготовку к ОГЭ по английскому — 2024

  1. Оцените текущий уровень языка: пройдите placement test (тест на определение уровня).
  2. Ознакомьтесь с экзаменом: попробуйте решить демоверсию прошлого года.
  3. Скачайте кодификатор и отметьте те темы, в которых вы уверенно себя чувствуете, и те, в которых есть проблемы.
  4. Оцените, смогут ли вас подготовить в школе.
  5. Определите формат подготовки, который вам нравится больше: один на один с преподавателем, онлайн, в группе.

Конечно, к экзамену по английскому можно подготовиться самостоятельно. Но это долгий и сложный процесс. Только представьте: вам нужно разобраться в критериях, формате, научиться решать задания — и еще улучшить знание языка. И все это — вместе с учебой в школе и подготовкой к другим экзаменам!

Куда проще добиться высокого результата вместе с преподавателем. На курсах MAXIMUM Education мы оцениваем ваш уровень языка и грамотно исправляем все ошибки и недочеты как в письменной, так и в устной части. А еще обязательно готовим индивидуальный план подготовки, которому очень легко и удобно следовать. Так что если хотите подготовиться к ОГЭ на отлично и сохранить нервные клетки — добро пожаловать к нам! 🤓

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