Тексты для чтения на английском 9 класс с ответами

Предлагаю вам подборку Reading tests для 9 класса. Тесты не сложные, однако поработать придется. Тесты по чтению для 9 класса предложены по следующим темам:

  • Family;
  • Art and museums;
  • School activities;
  • Parties
  • St. Valentine’s Day
  • Shopping

Тесты идут от самого простого к более сложным, поэтому Вы можете ориентироваться по уровню класса.

Reаding tests для 9 класса.

Тест по чтению для 9 класса #1.

Granny Morgan

Andy and Kate were pleased. Today was Friday, and that was the day when Gran came to tea. Of all their relatives, they liked their grandmother the best. She was good fun.

Granny Morgan was sitting at the kitchen table when they came in. There was a big plate of banana sandwiches in front of her.

“Hello, Gran!” said Andy.

“Hello, you two. How was school today?”

“OK, thanks,” said Kate.

“And how was your trip to the National History Museum?” she asked.

“Oh, that was great,” said Kate. “We had a wonderful time.”

“We saw some fantastic dinosaurs but I liked the gorillas best,” he said. He took another sandwich.

“I remember when I was a young girl; I often went to museums and art galleries. One day I met Picasso in an art gallery in the south of France.”

“I don’t believe you!” said Kate.

“Yes, I did. It’s true. Picasso was a charming man. He asked me to tea.»

Kate liked her grandmother’s stories, but she wasn’t sure if they were true but they were always exciting!

Задания к тексту Granny Morgan.

Exercise 1. Say, why the children like their grandmother’s company. 

Exercise 2. Correct the statements.

  1. Granny Morgan came to dinner.
  2. The children visited the National Gallery.
  3. The boy liked the elephants at the museum.
  4. Granny met Picasso in Paris.
  5. The children were sure that their grandmother’s stories were true.

Exercise 3. Аnswer the questions.

  1. Why were Kate and Andy pleased?
  2. When did their grandmother usually come to tea?
  3. Where was she sitting when they came in?
  4. What sort of sandwiches were there on the table?
  5. How many sandwiches did Andy take altogether?
  6. What did Andy like best at the Natural History Museum?
  7. What else did he see there?
  8. Who did Granny Morgan meet at an art gallery?
  9. What did Kate think of her grandmother’s stories?

Exercise 4. Complete the sentences according to the text «Granny Morgan».

  1. Andy and Kate were ___________ on Friday.
  2. Granny is good ___________
  3. We had a ________ at the museum.
  4. We saw some ______________ dinosaurs, but ____________
  5. One day I met Picasso in _____________ in the South of France.

Exercise 5. White a short story about your granny.

Тест по чтению для 9 класса #2.

Данный тест по чтению рассчитан на 20-25 минут. 7 минут на ознакомление с текстом и 13-15 минут на решения теста. Можно даже использовать тест для аудирования, так как он очень простой.

A Letter

Dear Irina,

Thank you for your letter. I would like to know a bit more about your school activities. Do you have parties at school? What are they like? Our parties are not always interesting. Some are amusing and some are boring. The best we had was on the Valentine’s Day. We all loved it very much. It was a costume party. I had a butterfly suit on with big black-and-red wings.

We have pinned up funny posters on the walls in the rest room. The most interesting part of it was the mail. I got five Valentine’s Day, cards. I think the big card was from Joe. I went all red when I opened it. There was a big satin elephant holding a bunch of plastic flowers in its trunk and these words: “Sharon, I love you.” I also wrote ten cards to boys and girls just for fun, and of course one to Joe. You can guess what I wrote in it. We also sang and danced at the party. How do your parties go?

Задания к тексту.

Exercise 1. Write what Sharon liked about the St. Valentine’s Day party most of all.

Exercise 2. Say if the statements are true or false.

  1. All parties in the English school are interesting.
  2. All the children liked the party on the Valentine’s Day.
  3. The party was held in the classroom.
  4. Sharon got a bunch of flowers from Joe.
  5. Sharon wrote ten cards to boys.
  6. They sang and danced at the party.

Exercise 3. Give yes / no answers to the questions.

  1. Does Sharon like parties?
  2. Are all English school parties amusing?
  3. Was the party she described a costume party?
  4. Did Sharon get a card from Joe?
  5. Does she love Joe?
  6. Did she write a card to Joe?

Exercise 4. Complete the table about the St. Valentine’s Day Party.

Name of party

Costume she had on

Number of cards she received

Number of cards she sent

What they did at the party

Тест по чтению для 9 класса #3.

The Boy and the Door

There was a small shop in a little street in an old town. In the shop there were beautiful things made of silver and gold. The small shop had a door that opened on the little street. The shopkeeper was standing at the open door.

“Come and buy! Come and buy!” called the shopkeeper. “Come into my shop and see all the beautiful things!” again he called. “Come in!

I shall show you beautiful things made of silver and gold.”

One day the shopkeeper had to go away to the king’s palace. The king wanted a beautiful gold ring and a silver cup from the shop. The shopkeeper called the boy who worked for him. “I’m going to the king’s palace,” he said. “You must stay here. Do not leave the door of the shop whatever happens. Do you understand?”

“Yes, I understand,” said the boy.

The shopkeeper went away, and soon he came to the king’s palace. He gave the king the ring and the cup. Then he went home. Soon he was back at his shop. He stopped and looked up in astonishment. “What is this?” he cried. “Why are so many people going into my shop?” Then the shopkeeper saw that the door of the shop was gone and so was the boy who worked for him.

Just then, the shopkeeper saw the boy. He was in the street near the shop. The boy had the shop door on his back. He was standing in the square looking at some men who were doing tricks.

The shopkeeper ran to the boy. “I told you not to leave my shop,” he cried.

“No,” said the boy. “You told me not to leave the door. I did just as you said. I did not leave the door. I have the door here with me.”

Задания к Reading Comprehension Test #3.

Exercise 1. Choose the correct answer to the questions.

  1. What did the shopkeeper sell? food / things
  2. What were the things made of? glass / metal
  3. Where did the shopkeeper go one day? market / palace
  4. What did the shopkeeper tell the boy to do? not to leave the door / not to leave the shop
  5. What did the shopkeeper see when he came back? the shop was closed / the shop was open
  6. Where was the boy standing? in the shop / in the square
  7. Did the boy understand the shopkeeper’s words exactly? yes / no

Exercise 2. Say if the statements are true or false. Correct the false statements.

  1. It was a big new shop.
  2. The shopkeeper usually stood at the open door.
  3. The things in the shop were beautiful and expensive.
  4. The shopkeeper asked the boy not to leave the door.
  5. The shopkeeper went to the king’s palace.
  6. When the shopkeeper came back, his shop was ruined.
  7. The boy took the door with him.
  8. The boy did what the shopkeeper had told him.

Exercise 3. Answer the questions.

  1. What did the shopkeeper do to attract clients to his shop?
  2. Why did the shopkeeper go to the palace?
  3. What was the boy doing when the shopkeeper came back?

Exercise 4. Give your opinion on who was right: the boy or the shopkeeper.

Exercise 5. If you were a boy and wanted to go away, what would you do?

Ответы к Reading Tests.

Reading test 1.

Упражнение 1. The children liked their grandmother’s company because she was good fun (funny).

Упражнение 2.

  1. Granny Morgan came to tea.
  2. The children visited the National History Museum.
  3. The boy liked the gorillas at the museum.
  4. Granny met Picasso in the south of France.
  5. The children were not sure that their grandmother’s stories were true.

Упражнение 3.

  1. They were pleased because their Granny was coming to tea.
  2. She usually came to tea on Friday.
  3. She was sitting at the kitchen table when they came in.
  4. There were banana sandwiches on the table.
  5. He took at least 2 sandwiches.
  6. He liked the gorillas best
  7. He also saw dinosaurs there?
  8. Granny Morgan met Picasso at an art gallery.
  9. Kate liked her grandmother’s stories, but she wasn’t sure if they were true but they were always exciting!

Упражнение 4.

  1. Pleased
  2. Fun
  3. wonderful time
  4. fantastic / I liked the gorillas best
  5. an art gallery

Упражнение 5. Your own story.

Ответы к reading test 2.

Упражнение 1. She liked the mail most of all.

Упражнение 2.

  1. False, 2. True, 3. False, 4. False, 5. False, 6. True.

Упражнение 3.

  1. Yes, 2. No, 3. Yes, 4. Yes, 5. Yes, 6. Yes

Упражнение 4.

Name of party

Costume she had on

Number of cards she received

Number of cards she sent

What they did at the party

St. Valentine’s Day Party

butterfly suit on with big black-and-red wings

5

10

Received mail

Danced

Sang songs

Ответы к тексту 3.

Упражнение 1.

  1. things, 2. metal, 3. palace, 4. not to leave the door, 5. the shop was open, 6. in the square, 7. yes

Упражнение 2.

  1. False. It was a small shop.
  2. True
  3. True
  4. True
  5. True
  6. False. When the shopkeeper came back, he saw many people walking into his shop and he also saw that the door of the shop was gone and so was the boy who worked for him.
  7. True
  8. True

Упражнение 3.

  1. The shopkeeper was standing at the open door calling “Come and buy! Come and buy!”, “Come into my shop and see all the beautiful things!”, “Come in!
  2. The shopkeeper went to the palace to give the king the ring and the cup.
  3. He was standing in the square looking at some men who were doing tricks.

Упражнение 4,5 – your own answers.

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William Shakespeare.

Nowadays people seem to read newspapers mostly. Many people are fond of reading detective stories or spy thrillers. I myself prefer books about politics, history.

I enjoy reading books by such English writers as Charles Dickens, Walter Scott. My favorite writer is William Shakespeare, one of the outstanding personalities in the world literature.

William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon not farm from London. His father, John Shakespeare , came to Stratford from a village and opened a shop there. He never became a rich man but at one time he was an important official in the city. William Shakespeare lived in Stratford until he was twenty-one. He got married and had three children. At the age of 21 William left Stratford for London to join a company of actors. William Shakespeare lived and worked in London for 25 years.

In all William Shakespeare wrote 37 plays, 2 long poems, a sonnet cycle of 155 small pieces.

William Shakespeare had a natural gift for comedy. In his comedies William Shakespeare describes the adventures of young men and women, their love, friendship, happiness.

In England and other countries it is the highest honor for an actor to be invited to play in a comedy or tragedy by William Shakespeare. In the last 35 years all the plays by William Shakespeare have been filmed. Since 1879 Shakespeare’s Festival has been held every year at Stratford-upon-Avon.

1. Decide True or False

1) I read books about love and adventures.

2) I enjoy reading books by such English writers as A. Pushkin.

3) My favorite writer is William Shakespeare.

4) William Shakespeare lived in Stratford until he was twenty-six.

5) William Shakespeare lived and worked in London for 25 years.

6) William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon not far from Moscow.

2. Make the right order

1) He got married and had three children .

2) Since 1879 Shakespeare’s Festival has been held every year at Stratford-upon-Avon.

3) His father, John Shakespeare , came to Stratford from a village.

4) He never became a rich man but at one time he was an important official in the city.

5) In the last 35 years all the plays by William Shakespeare have been filmed.

3. Translate into Russian

1) Many people are fond of reading detective stories or spy thrillers.

2) My favorite writer is William Shakespeare, one of the outstanding personalities in the world literature.

3) William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon not far from London.

4) He got married and had three children.

5) In his comedies William Shakespeare describes the adventures of young men and women, their love, friendship, happiness.

A Dangerous Place

Paula had always wanted to go to New York and now she had the chance at last. She was a journalist, and her newspaper was sending her there to do a series of articles on the city. But before she left her home in London, several friends warned her to be careful and not to go out alone at night in New York. “It’s a dangerous place. People get robbed or even killed on broad daylight!” they told her.

But when she got there, the only thing she was afraid of having exhaustion. It was such an exciting city that she never got any sleep. It took her two weeks to do the articles and she had to interview a lot of people but she enjoyed every minute of it. She completely forgot all her friends’ warnings until the day she went back to London. It all began in a bar.

She was having lunch there when she suddenly felt someone watching her. She looked up and noticed a man sitting at a table opposite her. He was staring at her, but looked away. She noticed that he had a scar on his cheek. He was about 30 and had short, curly hair. Paula was not worried at all. She had to go to an airline office to rebook her flight home. She wanted an afternoon flight instead of a morning one, as originally planned. On her way there, she stopped to look at something in a shop-window. To her surprise she saw the man follow her. She could see his reflection in the glass. He had stopped just behind her. Suddenly she felt afraid. She walked on. Then she stopped and looked behind her again. But this time she could not see him.

Just then she noticed she had come to the airline office. She went in and after she had finished her business, decided to phone a friend from a telephone booth there. She was carrying a small, portable but very expensive tape-recorder. It was in a black case in which she kept her money and passport as well. But the booth was so small that she had to leave the case outside. When she came out, it had disappeared. Then she saw the red-haired man hurrying out of the office. He had the case in his hand. She shouted but it was too late.

1. Read the text. Are the following statements about the text true or false? Change the false statements to make them true.

  1. Paula was sent to New York by her newspaper to do a series of articles on the city.

  2. Several friends advised her to go out at night in New York because it is a wonderful city.

  3. Paola was afraid of being robbed.

  4. It took her two weeks to do the articles.

  5. It all began in a hotel.

  6. When she was having lunch, she felt someone watching her.

  7. The man with a scar on his lips was staring at her.

  8. The second time she saw the man with the scar in a shop-window.

  9. After she had finished her business, she decided to phone a friend from a telephone booth.

  10. She took her case with money and her passport to the booth.

  11. The man with the scar had her case in his hand.

2. Answer the questions

1) Why was Paula sent to New York?

2) Why was NY so dangerous for Paula’s friends?

3) Why was she afraid of having exhaustion?

4) How did a stranger who Paula had met in the bar look like?

5) How did she realise that the man was searching her?

6) What did Paula have in her case?

7) What’s happened with her case all in all?

3. Translate into Russian

1) She was a journalist, and her newspaper was sending her there to do a series of articles on the city

2) It was such an exciting city that she never got any sleep.

3) She completely forgot all her friends’ warnings until the day she went back to London.

4) On her way there, she stopped to look at something in a shop-window

5) She was carrying a small, portable but very expensive tape-recorder in her black case in which she also kept her money and passport as well.

In the Lift

Once, I came home from school and got in the lift and about half way up it suddenly stopped. There was no one in with me. I was terrified. It just stopped with me inside. I felt so stupid. I felt as if I was hanging miles up in the air in a box tied by strings. I didn’t know what to do. I looked at the buttons.

I began by pressing all the numbers. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. No good. Then I looked at the other buttons. One said, “STOP”. I didn’t bother to press that one. Another said, DOORS OPEN”. I didn’t dare to press that. Imagine the door opening and me stepping out and falling down four floors.

I shouted out, “Help!”

No one answered. I shouted again.

“Help! Help! Get me out. I’m stuck in the lift.”

There was a switch at the bottom of the buttons. So I pressed it down. Nothing happened.

Then the light went out.

I started to cry and scream at the same time. I screamed and screamed. In the end I couldn’t scream any more. But I could keep on crying and I did. I don’t think I’ve ever cried as much in my life.

I sat down on the floor and pressed myself against the back wall. I don’t know, It felt safer, as far away from the door as possible. I kept thinking, “They’re going to open soon and I’ll fall out.”

If only I could get a light. Then I could, perhaps, try to escape. If I could see. Maybe that switch, I thought, was really the light-switch even though the light hadn’t gone off when I’d pressed it.

I slid myself round and stretched up my arm to feel for the buttons. I got my fingers on the switch and pressed it back up. Nothing happened. I screamed out, “Help! Please! Help! Get me out! Mum! Mum! Mum!” And I banged my hand against all the buttons; I banged and pressed them all.

Then I heard a bell ringing. It was just like the electric bell we had at our school. But it didn’t stop. It just kept on ringing and ringing.

“It’s an alarm bell,” I thought. “The building must be on fire.”

“Please, God,” I said, “Please get me out. I’ll do anything. I’ll be better. I really will. Please get me out.”

It was hot. It was getting really hot in the lift. I was sweating. I knew that I would soon be able to smell the smoke.

And then – the lift moved.

I screamed as loud as I could, though I knew no one would hear me. The lift was moving. The fire must have burnt through the cables. I was scared stiff but then I realized that the lift was moving very slowly as if someone was carefully lowering it down.

Very gently, down we went – me and the lift, together in the dark.

It stopped. I pressed myself against the steel wall. And the door opened. There was a man standing there. I couldn’t see his face against the light. He stepped towards me.

“Right, love,” he said. “Let’s have you out.”

1) Put these sentences in the correct order.

  1. The building was on fire and it was getting hot in the lift.

  2. Once, I came home from school and got in the lift. The lift stopped half way up.

  3. “Please, God,” I said, “Get me out. I’ll be better.”

  4. There was no one in with me.

  5. I shouted out, “Help!” No one answered.

  6. I started to cry and screamed at the same time.

  7. Then the light went out.

  8. I pressed all the buttons. No good.

  9. Then the lift moved down very slowly.

  10. Then I heard a bell ringing. It was an alarm bell.

  11. The lift stopped, the door opened. There was a man standing there.

2) Choose true or false

1. The storyteller stuck in the lift

2. The hero felt as if he was hanging miles up in the air in a box tied by strings.

3. The first button which the teller pressed was STOP

4. When the light went out the hero started laughing and mewing

5. The teller stood up from the floor and pressed himself against the back wall

6. In the dark the hero continued looking for the buttons and pressing and banging them all

7. Suddenly he heard an alarm system

8. There was a great fire in the house

9. At last, the hero managed to get out of the lift

3) Find the right translation

Нажать на кнопку, застрять в лифте, выбраться из лифта, электрический звонок, протянуть руки, на полпути, выпасть из лифта, выключатель, опускаться вниз

TEST   I

St. Paul’s Cathedral

        St. Paul’s Cathedral is situated in the City of London. It was designed by Sir Christopher Wren (1632s 1723) who was not only an architect but also one of the best geometers of his day, a mathematician and astronomer.

        It took Wren 35 years to build the Cathedral which is the greatest of English Churches. It is considered to be a fine specimen of Renaissance architecture.

        The Cathedral is 515 ft long and 180 ft wide. Its famous dome is the largest church dome in the world after St. Peter’s in Rome.

        The Cathedral is Gothic in plan but the details are classic Renaissance. In one of the twin baroque towers there is one of the largest bells in the world, Great Paul, weighting 17, 5 tons.

        Inside there is a wonderful mixture of architectural work, paintings, mosaics and statues which are monuments to generals and admirals who are buried there and among them admiral Nelson and the Duke of Wellington (under his command the army of the allies defeated Napoleon at Waterloo in 1815).

        When Christopher Wren was 90 he was carried here once a year so that he could see his beautiful work. He himself is buried in the Cathedral. There is no monument to Christopher Wren but on his tomb in the centre of the Cathedral there is an inscription which reads: “If you seek a monument, look around”. The inscription is in Latin.

        St. Paul’s Cathedral was partly destroyed in 1941 by a direct hit from bombs. After the war it was restored.

__________________

dome – купол

I. The text is about …

        1) the interior of St. Paul’s Cathedral.

        2) Sir Christopher Wren.

        3) Renaissance architecture.

        4) Christopher Wren’s masterpiece.

II. Complete the sentence according to the text.

        In one of the towers of St. Paul’s Cathedral one can see …

  1. one of the largest bells in the world.
  2. the monument to Christopher Wren.
  3. the tombs of Nelson and Wellington.
  4. the largest church dome in the world.

III. Choose the right sentence.

  1. St. Paul’s Cathedral was designed by Sir Christopher Wren who was not only an architect but also one of the best writers of his day.
  2. The dome of St. Paul’s Cathedral is the largest church dome in the world after St. Peter’s.
  3. The Cathedral is Gothic in plan but the details are baroque and classic Renaissance.
  4. Christopher Wren is buried in St. Paul’s Cathedral, where there is a beautiful monument to him with an inscription in Latin.

IV. What explain the inscription: “IF you seek a monument, look around”?

  1. Christopher Wren needed no monument but his beautiful work — St. Paul’s Cathedral.
  2. Christopher Wren is buried there (there is a grave of his in St. Paul’s Cathedral).
  3. There are many remarkable things in the Cathedral to look at.
  4. In the Cathedral there are many monuments to famous people.

V.  Arrange the sentences according to the text.

        1)  Christopher Wren was carried here once a year.

        2)  St. Paul’s Cathedral was restored after World War II.

        3)  It took Wren 35 years to build the Cathedral.

        4)  Great Paul weight about 17, 5 tons.

                1) 4, 3, 2, 1                2) 3, 1, 2, 4                3) 3, 4, 1, 2                4) 1, 4, 3, 2

VI. Which word is different?

                1) church                 2) cathedral                3) monastery                 4) residence

TEST   II.
The City

The City occupies a site which was Norman London. It is a very small part of London (only one square mile). About ten thousand people live in the City but about 500,000 of them work there.

The City can still show the remains of its defensive wall and some other signs of the Roman time. In other parts of the City almost every stone, every wall, every house is Saxon or Norman or connected with some famous man, book or historical event.

The City of London was described by a Roman historian as a “busy emporium for trade and traders” and this description could have been applied to it at any time since then. The City still remains one of the most important commercial centres in the world.

All the principal streets lead to the heart of the City, which is represented by three buildings: the Mansion House, the Royal Exchange, the Bank of England.

The Mansion House is where the Lord Mayor lives. This is a big house built in 1739s53 which reminds us of Greek temple. The Lord Mayor also receives the guests of London there.

The Bank of England or as the Londoners call it “The Old Lady” is 250 years old and is a huge building seven storeys high. It is one of the most important banks in the world.        

The Royal Exchange has been burnt down three times by fire and three times rebuilt. It is a place of business and public meetings.

There are also a lot of insurance companies, offices and churches in the City.

___________________

emporium — центр

temple — xpaм

I. The text is about …

1) historical and business importance of the City.

2) Lord Mayor’s residence.

3) principal business buildings of the City.

4) the territory and the population of the City.

II. Complete the sentence according to the text.

The City is a commercial and business part of London as …

1) about ten thousand people live there.

2) all the principal streets lead to the heart of the City.

3) it is an area with a long history.

4) many offices, insurance companies, banks are concentrated there.

III. Choose the right sentence.

1) The City is a recently built part of London where one can’t see any signs of ancient time.

2) The Mansion House reminds us of a Greek temple.

3) Many people live in the City but only a few of them work there.

4) Londoners call the Royal Exchange “The Old Lady” because it is a huge building seven    storeys high.

IV. Find the wrong statement.

1) The Mansion House is a residence of Lord Mayor.

2) The Lord Mayor receives the guests of London in the Mansion House.

3) The Mansion House was built in the eighteenth century.

4) There are a lot of insurance companies and offices in the Mansion House.

V. Arrange the sentences according to the text.

1) The City of London was described by a Roman historian.

2) In the City one can see many signs of the Roman time.

3) The Royal Exchange has been burnt down three times by fire.

4) All the principal streets lead to the heart of the City.

1) 4, 1, 2, 3        2) 2, 1, 4, 3        3) 4, 2, 3, 1        4) 1, 2, 4, 3         

VI. What word is different?

1) famous        2) well-known                3) notorious                4) popular

TEST   III.
William Shakespeare (1564s – 1616)

William Shakespeare, the greatest English writer of drama, was born in 1564 in Stratford-on-Avon. We do not know everything about Shakespeare’s early life. But we know that he studied at the Grammar School in Stratford, and that lie became interested in the theatre when lie was still a boy.

In 1586 Shakespeare went to London, where he worked in the theatre for some years before he began to write his own plays.

Shakespeare soon became well-known in London literary circles. Every play that he wrote was good news to the people of the capital. Queen Elizabeth liked Shakespeare’s plays, and the actors were often invited to play before the Queen and later before King James — a great honour in those days. By the end of the 16th century, Shakespeare and his friends had enough money to build their own theatre — the famous Globe Theatre.

But we must not think that Shakespeare had no difficulties in his life. Less talented writers, whose plays were worse than his, often quarreled with Shakespeare and attacked him, the actors in his own theatre sometimes turned against him.

People in our Country love and honour Shakespeare. Many say that they love him for his wonderful optimism: in his light comedies and even in his tragedies lie seems to promise a better and brighter future for all mankind.

__________________

I. The text is about …

1) Shakespeare’s life.

2) the life of English people in Shakespeare’s time.

3) the queen’s and king’s life.

4) the writers who lived in England in the 16th century.

II. Complete the sentence.

Shakespeare was especially good at…

1) novels.

2) detective stories.

3) mystery plays.

4) dramas.

III. Find the wrong statement.

1) In his childhood Shakespeare got interested in the theatre.

2) The King and the Queen of England liked his plays.

3) Shakespeare was widely known only for his Globe Theatre.

4) Shakespeare had difficulties in his life.

IV. Answer the question.

What kind of man was Shakespeare?

1) He was a man who liked to quarrel with people.

2) He was a man who was fond of saving money.

3) He was a man who tried to perform only in the king’s palace.

4) He was a man who had wonderful optimism.

V. Why do you think Shakespeare is well-known throughout the world?

1) He was an English writer.

2) His actors disliked him.

3) He built his own theatre.

4) He wrote a lot of brilliant plays.

VI. Choose the synonym to the underlined word.

People in our country love and honour Shakespeare.

1) envy        2) respect        3) read                4) remember

TEST   VI

Shaw Wrote a Play

Once a poor flower-girl, quite by chance, overheard a conversation between two gentlemen. One of the gentlemen was a professor of phonetics. He was saying to the other that he could teach an uneducated person to speak good English. The girl was very much interested in what they were talking about. She tried to hear every word.

The fact was that she had for a long time been thinking of learning to speak correctly, and now she saw an excellent chance for herself. If she improved her manner of speaking the owners of the big flower shop would give her a job. She asked the two gentlemen to buy a few flowers from her and tried to speak to there but they didn’t listen to her and soon went away.

The next day the girl came to the professor’s house and asked him to give her lessons. The professor was very much surprised. At first he refused to teach her, saying that it was no use even trying, but then he agreed.

The results of the first lesson were poor. She couldn’t produce proper English sounds and was tired of endless exercises. But soon the processor discovered that she was a clever girl. She took a great interest in her lessons and never missed a chance of practicing the sounds. As a result, her English became so good that the people who met her thought that she was a real lady.

The story of the girl can be found in one of Bernard Shaw’s most popular plays.

___________________

to refuse — отказывать

proper – правильные

I. The text is about …

1)  a poor girl who worked hard at her English.

2) the work of the professor of phonetics.

3) the lilt of the rich gentleman.

4) the work of the flower-girl.

II. Complete the sentence according to the text.

The flower-girl wanted to…

1) get money from the two gentlemen.

2) learn where the two gentlemen lived.

3) take phonetics lessons.

4) give phonetics lessons.

III. Find the wrong statement.

1) The professor of phonetics gave lessons.

2) The flower-girl wanted to get a good job.

3) The professor could teach anyone to speak good English.

4) The professor wanted to get money from the girl.

IV. Answer the question.

What kind of man was the professor?

1) He was a man of his word.

2) He was a famous man.

3) He was a lazy man.

4) He was a poor man.

V. How can you explain why the girl started visiting the professor’s house?

1) She wanted to find a rich husband.

2) She wanted to get a job in his house.

3) She wanted to improve her phonetics.

4) She wanted to spend time with a nice mail.

VI. Choose the synonym to the underlined word.

She never missed a chance of practicing the sounds.

1) an occasion                2) an opportunity        3) an event        4) a case

TEST V

Although modern football began in nineteenth-century England, the English didn’t invent football: they simply gave it rules. Human beings have always liked kicking round objects. Two and a half thousand years ago the Chinese played a game called Tsu-Chu, which means `to kick a ball made of leather with the feet’.

A Roman stone carving from Yugoslavia, from around the year 200 AD, shows a man holding a type of football and the Greeks are known to have played a game called episkyros. Although the details are unknown, it’s certain that these games were all played by two teams.

There are records of football being played in the twelfth century on the streets of London. King Edward Il banned (stopped) it in 1314, saying, `There is a great noise in the city caused by hustling (fighting) over large balls’. Later kings also banned the game without much success. By the sixteenth century it had become very rough (dangerous). Most games were played in villages with as many as 500 people in each team. They played from midday until sunset.

By the nineteenth century only the rich private schools were playing football. Each had its own set of rules which made games between schools impossible. In 1862 a set of ten rules were written down — five of these are in use today. The first competition cup, the Football Association Cup, was started in 1872. League football began in 1888 and teams formed all over England, involving everyone, not just the rich. By 1900 English sailors had taken the game to other countries. In 1930 the first World Cup match was played: it was won by Uruguay. (England didn’t enter until 1950). Now the World Cup is the focus of football. The final match is watched on TV by almost half the world’s population. Football is certainly the world’s most popular sport.

(From “Catch”)

I. Choose the title to the text.

1) The invention of football game.

2) The most popular sport.

3) The history of football.

4) The first World Cup match.

II. Choose the right sentence.

1) Tsu Chu is a Chinese handball.

2) King Edward II was fund of playing football.

3) Episkyros was played by two teams.

4) Football game was unknown in England in the 12th century.

III. Complete the sentence according to the text.

King Edward II banned (stopped) the game in 1314 because of…

1) a great noise in the city.

2) bad weather.

3) his illness.

4) its unpopularity.

IV. Find the wrong answer to the question.

Why did football games become very dangerous by the l6th century?

1) Too many people took part in playing football.

2) The game was played without rules.

3) People played football from midday until sunset.

4) Villagers were fond of playing football.

V. Answer the question.

Who won the first World Cup match?

1) English sailors took part in the first World Cup match and won it.

2) The first World Cup match was won by China.

3) British team won the first World Cup match.

4) The winner of the first World Cup match was Uruguay.

VI. What word is different?

1) game        2) play                3) match        4) competition

TEST  VI.

There is no sporting event in Britain enjoying greater attraction than the boat race.

Rowing has a long history in England. It was first started in the l8th century. At that time the boats took part in processions on the Thames. In the 19th century people started to use the boats for racing not only in London, but also in the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. The first boat race between these two famous schools took place at Henley in 1829. Nearly every year since then there has been a boat race between Oxford and Cambridge Universities.

It takes place on the Thames during the spring vacation at the end of March or the beginning of April.

The crews of the boats, chosen from the members of the college Boat Club, train together for twelve weeks before the race. There are eight oarsmen and a cox in each boat. They are known as Blues because they wear blue jackets called blazers.

The Boat Race is a London festival. On Boat Race Saturday the banks along the Thames and the bridges are crowded with people who come out to watch the race. Those who stay at home watch it on TV. However, even those with no particular interest in rowing like to know the result of the Boat Race.

At Oxford and Cambridge those students who represent their university in some sport are awarded “a blue”, that is, the right to wear a blue cap and scarf (dark blue for Oxford, light blue for Cambridge). This gives them great social position.

I. Choose the title to the text.

1) London festival

2) The Thames

3) Sporting event

4) Boat Races

II. Choose the right sentence.

1) Rowing a boat has a long tradition in England.

2) Rowing is a new kind of sport in England.

3) Boat races between Oxford and Cambridge take place twice a year.

4) People started to use the boats for racing in Oxford in the 18th century.

III. Find the wrong answer to the question.

When do boat races between Oxford and Cambridge take place?

1) during the spring holidays

2) in May

3) at the beginning of April

4) at the end of March

IV. Complete the sentence according to the text.

On a day of Boat Race the banks of the Thames are full of people because…

1) rowing has few fans.

2) Boat Race is an exciting competition.

3) people want to know what has happened.

4) many people want to go boating.

V. Answer the question.

Who is allowed to wear “a blue”?

1) the winners of the Boat Race

2) the participants of the Boat Race

3) the members of the Boat Clubs

4) the students who represent their university in some sport

VI. What word is different?

1) crew        2) oarsmen        3) cox                4) blazer

TEST   VII.

With the words “Elementary, my dear Watson…” the most famous detective of all times, Sherlock Holmes, starts to explain something to his friend, Dr. Watson. That phrase has now entered the English language

Sherlock Holmes first appeared in 1882. He became famous in ‘The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes”. After that came the whole series of books about him: “The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes”, “The Return of Sherlock Holmes”, “The Hound of the Baskervilles” and many others.  Many thousands of books about Sherlock Holmes are still sold every year.

Who invented Sherlock Holmes? Arthur Conan Doyle was his inventor. He was a doctor. In 1882 he moved from Scotland to England to set up a practice. One of the doctors he worked for, Dr. Joseph Bell, was the model for Sherlock Holmes’s friend, Dr. Watson. Conan Doyle’s medical knowledge was a great help to him in his detective stories.

Conan Doyle started the fashion of tile detective story. Today the fashion goes on.

And what sort of man is Sherlock Holmes? We learn a lot about him from the stories in which he appears. He is a quiet man, who only speaks when he has something to say. He smokes a pipe (he has a collection of them). He plays the violin. He carries a large magnifying glass. He lives at 221B Baker Street in London.

If you go to London, you will not be able to find 221 B Baker Street. But instead, you can go to a pub called the “Sherlock Holmes”. In that pub there is a room exactly like Sherlock Holmes’s room at 221B Baker Street as described in Conan Doyle’s stories. On the walls there are drawings from the original editions about Sherlock Holmes.

_______________

magnifying glass – увеличительное стекло

I. The text is about …

1) Sherlock Holmes’s work.

2) the most famous detective and his inventor.

3) Dr. Watson’s medical practice.

4) Conan Doyle’s education.

II. Choose the right sentence.

1) Dr. Watson was Dr. Bell’s assistant.

2) Dr. Watson was Conan Doyle’s friend.

3) Dr. Watson was Conan Doyle’s book character.

4) Dr. Watson was Sherlock Holmes’s relative.

III. Find the wrong statement.

1) Dr. Watson was Sherlock Holmes’s friend.

2) Conan Doyle was a doctor.

3) There is 22l B Baker Street in London.

4) The fashion of the detective stories goes on.

IV. Complete the sentence.

Conan Doyle is known to everybody as…

1) the author of books about Sherlock Holmes.

2) a talented doctor.

3) a good friend of Dr. Joseph Bell.

4) a man who opened a pub in Baker Street.

V. Answer the question.

When did Sherlock Holmes use the phrase “Elementary, my dear Watson “?

1) after he gave Watson the explanation of his guess

2) if he wanted Watson to investigate the crime himself

3) before he began to explain something to Watson

4) if Watson asked him how to find the criminal

VI. Choose the title to the text.

1) Doctor Watson and Sherlock Holmes

2) Conan Doyle and Dr. Joseph Bell

3) Conan Doyle’s Family

4) Conan Doyle and His Characters

TEXT    VIII.

On a beautiful afternoon, in a year long gone, a big ship set out on its first voyage from England to America. It was a new ship called the “Titanic”.

For two days the “Titanic” went on its way over the sea. Then entered an ice-field and was hit by an iceberg.

Everyone was told to come out of their rooms. The men were putting the lifeboats over the sides of the ship down into the water. Then all the women and children were helped into the lifeboats.

A woman came to the side of the ship. Her two children were in oil, of the lifeboats, and she was very much afraid.

“My children are in the lifeboat. I must go with them!” the woman called to the people in the lifeboat.

“There’s no more room,” someone called out. “If we take one more the lifeboat will sink.”

There was a young woman in the lifeboat called Miss Evans. When she heard the woman calling, she stood up in the lifeboat and touched one of the men on the arm.

“Let me get back on to the ship,” she said. “Let that woman take my place. I have no children.”

“The ship is sinking,” said the man. “You know that?”

There was no time to talk. People helped Miss Evans to get back on to the ship. Very soon after that there was a great noise, and the “Titanic” went down under the water.

__________________

set out — отправился

called out – воскликнул

I. The text is about …

1) a voyage from England to America.

2) brave sailors.

3) a new ship called the “Titanic” .

4) The courage of Miss Evans.

II. Choose tile right sentence.

1) The “Titanic” left America.

2) The “Titanic” went to England.

3) The “Titanic” left for America.

4) The “Titanic” sailed in the direction of England.

III. Complete the sentence.

In the lifeboat there was …

1) not a room for a single person.

2) nobody to take care of the children.

3) no food and water.

4) not enough fresh air.

IV. Find the wrong statement.

1) Miss Evans was a young woman.

2) Miss Evans knew that the ship was sinking.

3) Miss Evans had no children.

4) Miss Evans got into another lifeboat.

V. Answer the question.

Why did Miss Evans get back to the ship?

1) She left her documents there.

2) She wanted to continue her voyage.

3) She gave her place in tile lifeboat to the children’s mother.

4) She thought that the lifeboat could sink.

VI. Choose the title to the text.

1) The “Titanic” Voyage

2) A Courageous Woman

3) In the Ocean

4) A Big Iceberg

TEST    IX

Family Affairs

        Jane is twenty-one years old. She works at an office in the centre of London. She is a typist. Although her work is over at five o’clock in the afternoon she comes home rather late. Lane is going to marry a respectable gentleman who is fifteen years older than she is. But her mother is upset about it. She doesn’t think that Jane can be happy with Mr. Dobson. She wants her daughter to marry a younger man.

        One evening Jane comes home at eleven o’clock in the evening. Mrs. Ogden is still up. She comes into the hall to meet her daughter.

“I don’t want you to marry Mr. Dobson,” she says.

“What do you mean?” the daughter asks.

“I think it’s better if you marry a man who hasn’t so much money.”

“Oh, that’s all right”, the daughter says. “He is not going to have so much money for long.”

__________________

to be upset – быть расстроенным

I. Why does Jane come home late?

        1) She works overtime.

        2) She meets her boyfriend.

        3) She visits her friends.

        4) She has German classes.

II. How many years is Jane’s fiance older than she is?

  1. 20 years
  2. 15 years
  3. 10 years
  4. 5 years

III. Who does Mrs. Ogden want her daughter to marry?

  1. a younger man
  2. an older man
  3. a richer man
  4. a foreigner

IV. What’s wrong with Mr. Dobson in the mother’s opinion?

  1. He doesn’t love Jane.
  2. He has no house of his own.
  3. He is poor.
  4. He has a lot of money.

V. Mrs. Ogden is still up means:

        1) Mrs. Ogden doesn’t want to sleep.

        2) Mrs. Ogden is not sleeping.

        3) Mrs. Ogden isn’t going to bed.

        4) Mrs. Ogden is still upstairs.

TEST X

                                        The Discovery of America

Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492. He was born in Italy. His father and both grandfathers were cloth makers. Columbus was a seaman and made many sea voyages.

Most people in Columbus ‘s days thought that the earth was flat and they did not believe that beyond the Atlantic Ocean lay India.

In 1492 the King and the Queen of Spain gave Columbus money to go to India. He decided to sail west as he was sure that our planet was round. There were 3 caravels: the Santa Maria, the Nina and the Pinta. After sailing 4,000 miles he reached some land. The crew saw something like a white cliff and cried out: “Tierra! Tierra!” Columbus thought that it must be India but it was not. It was a new land – a new continent. It was America. Columbus named the land they reached San Salvador (“Holy Savior”). People began to speak about the land as “The New World”.

        European people came to the New World for many reasons. Some hoped to find gold and silver. Priests and missionaries came to bring to Christian religion to the Indians. Among those who came for freedom was a small group of English people called Pilgrims. They wanted to start a new life and to have no religious problems they had in English. In 1620 on the ship “Mayflower” they landed in the northeast of America. They set up a colony and called that part of the country “New England”.

I. Write if the following information is true (T) or false (F):

  1. The USA was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492.
  2. Columbus was a cloth maker.
  3. Most people in Columbus’s days believed that beyond the Atlantic Ocean lay India.
  4. Columbus sailed 4,000 miles to reach a new land.
  5. All European people came to the New World to find gold and silver.
  6. The first English settlers in America called Pilgrims set up a colony.

II. Answer the following questions in Russian:

  1. Who discovered America?
  2. The King and the Queen of what country gave Columbus money for voyage?
  3. How many caravels were there?
  4. How did Columbus name the land he had reached?
  5. What reasons did European people come to the New World for?
  6. How did the Pilgrims reach America?

TEST   XI
Family Affairs

Jane Ogden is twenty-one years old. She works at an office in the centre of London. She is a typist. Although her work is over at five o’clock in the afternoon she comes home rather late. Jane is going to marry a respectable gentleman who is fifteen years older than she is. But her mother is upset about it. She doesn’t think that Jane can be happy with Mr. Dobson. She wants her daughter to marry a younger man.

One evening Jane comes home at eleven o’clock in the evening.

Mrs. Ogden is still up. She comes into the hall to meet her daughter.

“I don’t want you to marry Mr. Dobson,” she says.

“What do you mean?” the daughter asks.

“I think it’s better if you marry a man who hasn’t got so much money.”

“Oh, that’s all right’, the daughter says. “He is not going to have so much money for long.”

I. Answer the questions).

1.  Why slurs Jane come home late?

1) She works overtime.

2) She meek her boyfriend.

3) She visits her friends.

4) She has German classes.

2. How many years is Jane’s fiance older than she is?

1) 20years        

2) 15 years

3) 10 years

4) 5 years

3. Who does Mrs. Ogden want her daughter to marry?

1) a younger man

2) an older man

3) a richer man

4) a foreigner

4. What’s wrong with Mr. Dobson in the mother’s opinion?

1) He doesn’t love Jane.

2) He has no house of his own.

3) He is poor.

4) He has a lot of money.

II. Find the sentence with the Complex Object.

1) She doesn’t think that Jane can be happy with Mr. Dobson.

2) “I don’t want you to marry Mr. Dobson,” she says.

3) She comes into the hall to meet her daughter.

4) “He is not going to have so much money for long.”

III. Mrs. Ogden is ‘still up’ means:

l) Mrs. Ogden doesn’t want to sleep.

2) Mrs. Ogden is not sleeping.

3) Mrs. Ogden isn’t going to bed.

4) Mrs. Ogden is still upstairs.

TEST    XII
Going in for Sports

At the end of the week Father usually gets good ideas. Last Saturday when he was looking through the newspaper he found an article about skiing. He read it and said: “I don’t remember when we last went skiing. What about trying it tomorrow?”

Everybody liked the idea so we started our preparations immediately. All of us wanted to look smart. Jane took out her sports clothes. Mother sent me out to buy skiing caps. When I came back she was mending Father’s old trousers. She got angry when she saw the caps as they were all the same colour.

Late at night our clothes were ready and we could go to bed.

At 10 o’clock in the morning I suddenly woke up. The women were still sleeping. “Wake up everybody,” I shouted. “Stop joking in a silly way,” Mother said from her bedroom. “What about skiing?” I asked Father who was coming out of the bathroom. He paid no attention to my words. At breakfast he was reading his morning newspaper as usual and suddenly exclaimed: “Look, they say, swimming is the best way of losing weight. What about trying it?”

I. Answer the questions.

1. Where did the father get his idea of skiing from?

1) a newspaper article

2) a television programme

3) a sports review

4) a radio report

2. Why did the family start their preparations immediately?

1) They were a sporty sort of people.

2) They wanted to look smart.

3) They liked the idea of skiing.

4) They didn’t want to waste time.

3. What happened in the morning?

1) The family went skiing.

2) The family went swimming.

3) The family was ready for skiing.

4) The family wasn’t going to ski.

4. What did the father say to the boy’s question about skiing?

1) He asked him to stop joking.

2) I le didn’t say anything.

3) He told the so that he didn’t like the idea of skiing.

4) He answered that they would go skiing next Saturday.

II. Find the sentence with the verb in the Past Continuous.

1) I don’t remember when we last went skiing.

2) “Stop joking in a silly way,” Mother said from her bedroom.

3) At breakfast lie was reading his morning newspaper as usual.

4) Swimming is the best way of losing weight.

III. To ‘mend’ trousers means:

1) to clean

2) to wash

3) to press

4) to repair

TEST   XIII

Blind people can learn to type by feeling the keys but they can’t find and correct a mistake. In order to help blind people use a computer Dr. Tom Vincent has made a system that reads aloud what has been typed.

He added a voice to a cheap microcomputer. «The computer is programmed to repeat each letter as it is typed and to read what is displayed on the computer screen — it can be a letter, a word or whole sentences. It is programmed to pronounce English words. If a word is not in its memory the computer spells it. Any mistakes can easily be corrected. When the text is complete, a printed copy can be made in the usual way.

The system has won a prize and is already in use, so blind students at a college in Wales can use computers. Dr. Vincent is now working at an optical sensor that can recognize printed words and read them aloud.

I. Choose the title to the text.

1) Dr. Vincent’s help

2) Talking typewriter

3) Computers for Welsh students

4) Correction system

II. Complete the statements  according to the text.

1. It is difficult for blind people to use a computer because …

1) they can’t spell English words.

2) they can’t see and correct mistakes on the screen.

3) they can’t learn to type.

4) they can’t work with CD User Guide.

2. Dr. Tom Vincent has made a system that …

1) easily corrects mistakes.

2) makes printed copies in the usual way.

3) reads aloud what is displayed on the computer screen.

4) can translate what has been typed into any foreign language.

3. Dr. Vincent is now developing a new optical system that …

1) can recognize and read aloud printed words.

2) is programmed to repeat each letter as it is typed.

3) can be used at a college in Wales.

4) will win a prize.

III. Find the sentence with the verb in the Present Indefinite Passive.

1) It can be a letter, a word or whole sentences.

2) «The system has won a prize and is already in use.

3) It is programmed to pronounce English words.

4) If a word is not in the memory the computer spells it.

IV. Choose the correct form.

Some years ago blind students at a college in Wales … use computers.

1) can

2) can’t

3) could

4) couldn’t

TEST    XIV

The phonograph was invented quite by accident. In 1876 Thomas Edison moved to Menlo Park, New Jersey, where he established an industrial research laboratory. There Edison worked on a carbon telephone transmitter to improve the existing Bell system.

In that laboratory a year later Edison invented the phonograph while trying to improve a telegraph repeater.

He attached a telephone diaphragm to the needle in the telegraph repeater to produce a recording that could be played back. After some improvements to the machine he recited “Marry Had a Little Lamb” and played the recognizable reproduction of his voice back to the astonished audience.

____________

phonograph – фонограф

carbon transmitter – микрофон с угольным электродом

diaphragm – мембрана

I. Choose the title to the text.

1) Thomas Edison’s research laboratory

2) Improvements in the Telephone and Telegraph

3) The history of Menlo Park

4) A Surprise Invention

II. Complete the statements  according to the text.

1. File invention of the phonograph …

I) was quite unplanned.

2) was Edison’s principle project.

3) was surprising to no one. 4) took many years.

2. The phonograph was made …

1) with a telephone needle and a recorder.

2) from only a telephone diaphragm.

3) with only a telegraph repeater.

4) from a combination of telephone and telegraph parts.

3. After Edison made improvements to the machine, he …

1) made the reproduction of his voice recognizable.

2) used a carbon transmitter.

3) read a children’s rhyme.

4) reproduced the audience’s voice.

III. Find the sentence with the verb in the Past Indefinite Passive.

1) A year later Edison invented the phonograph while trying to improve a telegraph repeater.

2) There Edison worked on a carbon telephone transmitter to improve the existing Bell system.

3) The phonograph was invented quite by accident.

4) He recited “Many Had a Little Lamb”.

IV. Choose the synonym to tile underlined word.

He played the recognizable reproduction of his voice back to the astonished audience.

1) frightened

2) amazed        

3) irritated        

4) tired

TEST   XV
Charlie Chaplin

This is a story that Chaplin liked to tell about himself. It happened after the great actor had become world famous.

A theatre announced that a competition would be held to see who could act like Charlie Chaplin. Those taking part had to dress like Chaplin, walk like Chaplin and act one of the roles in a Chaplin film.

When Charlie Chaplin heard about the competition he decided, as a joke, to take part in the competition himself. Naturally, he kept his plan a secret from everybody.

When the results of the competition were announced Chaplin said: “1 didn’t know whether to feel angry or only surprised. I didn’t win the first prize. But after thinking about it, I decided that it would be best to laugh.”

I. Complete the statements according to the text.

1. This is a story which…

1) Chaplin was fond of telling.

2) is written by Chaplin’s friend.

3) was announced at the competition.

4) happened before Chaplin had become world famous.

2. People who took part in the competition had to…

1) sing songs.

2) keep it a secret.

3) imitate Chaplin’s manners.

4) dance.

3. When the results of the competition were announced Chaplin learnt that…

1) his new film was a success.

2) lie had won the first prize.

3) lie had not won the first prize.

4) he had won the second prize.

4. When Chaplin learnt the news lie decided…

1) to be angry.

2) to keep it a secret.

3) to tell everybody about it.

4) to laugh.

II. Find the wrong sentence.

1) Chaplin didn’t take pail in the competition.

2) Chaplin didn’t allow to hold this competition.

3) Chaplin didn’t know about the competition.

4) Chaplin didn’t tell anybody about his plans.

III. Choose the synonym to the underlined word.

Those taking part had to dress like Chaplin, walk like Chaplin and act one of the roles in a Chaplin film. 

1) play        

2) picture        

3) cinema        

4) performance

TEST    XVI

A few years ago I lost all my money in some business operations. So I decided to go to Lympne and write a play. This unwritten drama was my little reserve for a rainy day. This rainy day had come.

I got a cottage near the sea. The window at which I worked looked over the marsh, but the view on the marsh was beautiful. It was from this window that I first saw Mr. Cavor. He was a short man. He was gesticulating with his hands and often looked at his watch. This happened on my first day in Lympne. Next evening the man reappeared, and again the next evening and almost every evening when there was no rain.

On the fourteenth evening when he appeared I went to the place where he always stopped. “One moment, sir,” said I, “is it your time for exercises?” “Yes, it is. I come here to look at the t”. We talked a little, then wished each other good evening and both went our way.

 (After H. G. Wells)

_____________

marsh – болото

I. Complete the statements according to the text.

1. The author wanted to write a play because lie…

I ) needed money.

2) had nothing to do.

3) wanted to open some business.

4) wanted to become famous.

2. The author first saw Mr. Cavor…

I) when it was raining hard.

2) from the window of his study.

3) on his second day in Lympne.

4) when he was walking over the marsh.

3. The author first talked to Mr. Cavor…

1) two weeks later.

2) three days later.

3) after the sunrise.

4) the same day when lie saw him.

II. Choose the correct article.

After our first talk I knew little about Mr. Cavor. But I understood that he was … serious man.

1) the        2) —        3) a        4) an

III. Choose the correct variant.

The author lost … money in some business operations.

1) little         2) a little         3) many         4) much

IV. ‘For a rainy day’ means:

1) на случай дождя

2) на всякий случай

3) на черный день

4) на будущее

TEST   XVII

One evening Mr. Cavor invited me to see his work and l went to his house. It was large and simply furnished. Mr. Cavor had no servants, there were only his three assistants who helped him in his work. But all the intellectual work was done by Mr. Cavor. The object of Mr. Cavor’s research was a substance that had to be «opaque» to all forms of radiant energy. “Radiant energy”, he told me “is something like light, or heat, or Rontgen rays.” He thought he would be able to make such substance with the help of a new element which he had found.

Since that day we met almost every evening. Mr. Cavor lectured me on physics and I learnt a lot of interesting and unusual things.

His ideas interested me very much and I could not work at my play any longer. My head was busy with other things. I thought how to apply this substance to every branch of industry. Some days later I went to Mr. Cavor and told him that I wanted to be his fourth assistant.

substance – вещество

opaque – непроницаемый

rays – лучи

I. Complete the statements according to the text.

1. The author went to Mr. Cavor’s laboratory because…

1) he wanted to know everything about Mr. Cavor’s invention.

2) Mr. Cavor invited him.

3) he wanted to speak to Mr. Cavor about the play he was writing.

4) he wanted to write an article about Mr. Cavor.

2. Mr. Cavor’s object of research work was…

1) a kind of radiant energy.

2) light, heat and Rontgen rays.

3) a new element.

4) a new substance.

3. Since the day of the author’s visit to Mr. Cavor’s laboratory…

1) the author got very interested in Mr. Cavor’s invention and wanted to describe it in his play.

2) the author could not work at his play any longer.

3) Mr. Cavor asked him to become his fourth assistant.

4) they seldom met.

II. Choose the correct articles.

… possibilities of … Substance opaque to heat and gravitation had no limits.

1) a, the         2) -, the         3) the, a         4) the, the

III. Change the sentence from Passive into Active:

All the intellectual work was done by Mr. Cavor.

1) Mr. Cavor had done all the intellectual work.

2) Mr. Cavor has done all the intellectual work.

3) Mr. Cavor did all the intellectual work.

4) Mr. Cavor was doing all the intellectual work.

IV. ‘To apply’ means:

1) to use        2) to sell        3) to offer        4) to examine

TEST   XVIII

After inventing dynamite Swedish-born Alfred Nobel became a very rich mail. However, he realized its destructive powers too late. Nobel preferred not to be remembered as the inventor of dynamite, so in 1895, just two weeks before his death, he created a fund to be used for awarding prizes to people who made worthwhile contributions to mankind. Originally there were five awards: literature, physics, chemistry, medicine and peace. Economics was added in 1968, just sixty-seven years after the first awards ceremony.

Nobel’s original legacy of nine million dollars was invested, and the interest of this sum is used for tile awards which vary from $30,000 to $125,000.

Every year on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel’s death, the awards (gold medal, illuminated diploma and money) are presented to the winners.

No awards were presented from 40 to 1942 at the beginning of World War II. Some people have won two prizes, but this is rare; others have shared their prizes.

I. Answer the questions.

1. When did the first award ceremony take place?

1) in 1895                2) in 1901         3) in 1962         4) in 1968

2. Why was the Nobel prize established?

1) to recognize worthwhile contributions to humanity

2) to resolve political differences

3) to honor the inventor of dynamite

4) to spend money

3. In which area have people received awards since 1968?

1) literature        2) peace        3) economics         4) science

4. In how many fields are prizes given?

1) four        2) five                 3) six                 4) tell

II. Find the wrong statement.

1) Alfred Nobel became a very rich man after inventing dynamite.

2) Nobel preferred to be remembered as the inventor of dynamite.

3) Awards vary in monetary value. 4

) Some people have won two awards.

III. Choose the correct variant.

Americans have won numerous science awards, but … literature prizes.

1) many         2) little         3) much         4) few

TEST   XIX

Mr. Sellyer is selling books

One day I went to a bookshop to look through the new books. The manager of the bookshop, Mr. Sellyer, showed me to the back of the bookshop where I could find some interesting books.

While I was looking through the books, I could watch Mr. Sellyer at work and see some of his methods.

Every customer who entered the shop went away with the book Golden Dreams. To one lady the manager sold Golden Dreams as the reading for a holiday, to another as the book to read after the holiday, another bought it to read on a rainy day and the fourth as the right book for a fine day. Every time Mr. Sellyer recommended the book to his customers he added that his wife said that the book Golden Dreams was the best book of the season and he also liked it very much.

When I was leaving the bookshop I went up to the manager and asked him, “Do you like the book yourself?”

“Dear me!” said the manager, “I’ve no idea of the book, I’ve no time to read every book I’m selling.”

“And did your wife really like the book?”

“I am not married, sir,” answered the manager smiling.

(After Stephen Leacock)

I. Complete the statements according to the text.

1. The author came to Mr. Sellyer’s shop…

1) to buy the book Golden Dreams.

2) to see Mr. Sellyer and his wife.

3) to find some interesting book.

4) to speak to Mr. Sellyer about the customers.

2. Mr. Sellyer recommended the book Golden Dreams to his customers because…

1) he was load of the book.

2) his wife enjoyed reading the book.

3) he wanted to sell the book.

4) the book was new and interesting.

3. When I asked Mr. Sellyer if he liked the book he answered that…

1) he preferred humorous books and this book was a love story.

2) he liked it very much because it was the right book for a rainy day.

3) he thought it was the best book for holiday time.

4) he didn’t know anything about the book as he hadn’t read it.

II. Find the right statement.

1.  1) Mr. Scllyer and his wife liked the book Golden Dreams very much.

2) Mr. Scllyer’s wife didn’t like the book Golden Dreams.

3) Mr. Sellyer’s wife said that the book Golden Dreams was tile best book of the season.

4) Mr. Sellyer didn’t have a wife and he didn’t know anything about the book Golden Dreams.

2.        1) Every customer who entered the shop went away with Golden Dreams.

2) Nobody bought the book Golden Dreams.

3) Only one lady decided to buy the book Golden Dreams because the manager told her that it was a love story.

4) Everybody wanted to buy the book because the critics said that it was the best book written by the writer.

III. Choose the correct variant.

The manager answered smiling that…

1 ) he is not married.        3) he hadn’t been married.

2) he was not married.        4) he hasn’t been married.

TEST  XX

The University of Cambridge was founded in the twelfth century. It was formed on the model of European continental universities, in particular that of Paris. Until the fifteenth century the history of Cambridge was not as significant as that of Oxford. But by the end of the seventeenth century the University was the home of Isaac Newton — professor of mathematics from 1669 till 1702 whose influence was deep and permanent. At that time serious tests were offered to the candidates for degrees. During the early part of the nineteenth century examinations were greatly improved and written examinations were more often used than oral ones.

In the 19th century there were built a number of laboratories for natural sciences, among them the Cavendish Laboratory opened in 1871, which was organized by the well-known Scottish mathematician and physicist James Clerk Maxwell. It was named after the English scientist of the 18th century Henry Cavendish.

Today it is one of the greatest physical laboratories known throughout the world. The Laboratory is widening its contacts with the leading research centres in other countries.

I. Complete the statements according to the text.

1. The University of Cambridge was founded according to…

1) the model of Oxford University.

2) the model of European continental universities.

3) the plan of Isaac Newton.

4) the plan of Henry Cavendish.

2.  In the 19th century the candidates for degrees more often had to…

1) write serious tests.

2) take oral examinations.

3) work in one of the laboratories of the University.

4) take pail in some research projects.

3. The Cavendish Laboratory is known throughout the world because…

1) James Clerk Maxwell and Henry Cavendish worked there.

2) it is more than one hundred years old now.

3) it has contacts with the leading research centres in other countries.

4) many research conferences were held there.

II. Find the right statement.

1.         1) Cambridge University was as significant as Oxford from the very beginning of its foundation.

2) Cambridge University was not very significant at the time of its foundation.

3) Cambridge University was not very significant until the laboratories for natural science had been built.

4) Cambridge University was not as significant as that of Paris.

2.  1) The Cavendish Laboratory was named after the German scientist of the 18th century Henry Cavendish.

2) The Cavendish Laboratory was named after the English scientist of the 17th century Henry Cavendish.

3) Tile Cavendish Laboratory was named after the English scientist of the 18th century James Maxwell.

4) The Cavendish Laboratory was named after the English scientist of the 18th century Henry Cavendish.

III. Find the wrong variant.

1) In the 19th century new laboratories for natural sciences were built.

2) In the 19th century there were many laboratories for natural sciences.

3) In the 19th century a lot of laboratories for natural sciences were opened.

4) In the 19th century a few laboratories for natural sciences were closed.

Автор: Булыгина Жанна Анатольевна

Организация: МБОУ «СОШ №99 г. Челябинска»

Населенный пункт: г. Челябинск

ПОЯСНИТЕЛЬНАЯ ЗАПИСКА

Сборник текстов с заданиями по английскому языку составлен с целью изучения страноведения. В учебниках предлагается недостаточное количество текстов страноведческого характера, поэтому возникла необходимость в таком сборнике. Работа с текстами позволяет расширить словарный запас обучающихся, а также расширить их кругозор по страноведению.

На работу с каждым текстом рекомендуется отводить 2 урока.

В сборнике представлены следующие тексты:

  • «Great Britain»
  • «The United States of America»
  • «Holidays»
  • «Education in England»
  • «Sports»
  • «Mass media»
  • «Weather and climate»

Great Britain

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on two large islands called the British Isles. The largest island is Great Britain, which consists of three parts: England, Scotland and Wales. The smaller island is Ireland and there are about five thousand small islands.

The country’s shores are washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea and the Irish Sea. The English channel separate Great Britain from the continent.

The total area of the U.K. is 244.000 square kilometers with a population of 56 million. It is one of the most populated countries in the world. The greater part of the population is urban. About 80 percent of people live in numerous towns and cities. More than seven million people live in London area. Very often the inhabitants of The United Kingdom and Northern Ireland are called English.

The surface of the British Isles varies very much. There are many mountains in Scotland, Wales and northwest of England but they are not very high. Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain. Scotland is also famous for its beautiful lakes.

The mountains in Great Britain are not very high. There are many rivers in Great Britain, but they are not very long. The Themes is the deepest, the longest and the most important river in England.

The United Kingdom is a highly developed industrial country. It produces and exports machinery, electronics, textile. One of the main industries of the country is shipbuilding.

Words and expressions:

United Kingdom (UK) Соединенное Королевство

Great Britain Великобритания

called называемый, называться

the largest самый большой

the smaller island остров поменьше

total общий

greater больший

London area территория Лондона

to vary отличаться

the highest самый высокий

The Themes Темза

the deepest самый глубокий

the longest самый длинный

shipbuilding судостроение

Задания к тексту «Great Britain»

Задание №1

Прочитайте и устно переведите текст. Составьте план текста.

Задание №2

Выпишите предложения из текста со словами, данными ниже. Переведите их письменно.

Слова: situated, washed, populated, urban, inhabitants, surface, famous

for, industrial, shipbuilding.

Задание №3

Дополните предложения словами из текста.

  1. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on,..
  2. The largest island is…, which consists of three parts…
  3. The smaller island is…
  4. … separate Great Britain from the continent.
  5. It is one of the most… countries in the world
  6. The greater part of the population is… .
  7. More then … people live in London area.
  8. Very often the inhabitants of the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland are called…

9. … of the British Isles varies very much

10…. in Scotland is the highest mountain.

11 . Scotland is also famous for…

12. There are many… in Great Britain, but they are not very long.

13. …is the deepest, the longest and the most important river in England.

14. The United Kingdom Is a highly developed … country.

Задание №4

Определите, верное утверждение или нет.

1 .The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on four large islands.

2. The largest island is Great Britain.

3. Great Britain consists of three parts: England, Germany, Wales.

4. The smaller island is Ireland and there are about seven million small islands.

5. The country’s shores are washed by the Indian Ocean, the Black Sea and the Irish Sea.

6. The population of Great Britain is 46 million.

7.1t is not the most populated countries in the world.

8. The greater part of the population is urban.

9. The inhabitants of the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland are called English.

10. There are not many mountains in Scotland, there are many rivers.

Задание №5

Составьте предложения из данных слов так, чтобы они соответствовали предложениям в тексте.

  1. and, island, which, parts, the, England, largest, consists, Great, Britain, three, and, Scotland, is, of, Wales.
  2. high, Great, Britain, the, very, in, mountains, not, are.
  3. country, the, a, developed, Kingdom, highly, industrial, is, United.

Задание №6

Исправьте в предложениях допущенные ошибки, следуя тексту.

  1. The smallest island is Great Britain, which consists of two parts: Scotland and Wales.
  2. More than seventeen thousand people live in London area.
  3. The surface of the British Isles doesn’t vary very much.
  4. There are many rivers in Great Britain, and they are very long.
  5. The United Kingdom isn’t a highly developed industrial country.
  6. One of the main industries of the country is machine building.

The United States of America

The USA is composed of 50 states. It occupies the central part of North American continent. It borders on Canada in the north and on Mexico in the south.

The waters of the Atlantic Ocean wash the USA in the east and the waters of the Pacific Ocean wash the country in the west. The Hawaiian Islands are in the Pacific Ocean. They became the 50th state of the USA in 1958. The total area of the country is 9000 square kilometers. The population is more than 200 million people.

Washington is the capital of USA. English is the official language. The flag of the USA is known as the «Stars and Stripes».

The Rocky Mountains extend from Alaska through the USA to Mexico, but greater part of the country is a plain. There are many rivers in USA and the longest is Mississippi. The USA economy grew greatly during the world wars. In those times American monopolists got great profits.

The country is rich in mineral resources, heavy industry prevails in the USA economy, including mining, metallurgy, machine building, chemical industry. Power and food industries are well developed too.

The USA is the federative republic. The president is the head of the state. He is also commander-in-chief of army and navy. The highest legislative organ in the country is the congress, which consists of the senate and House of Representatives.

Words and expressions:

to be composed of состоять из

to border граничить

The Hawaiian Islands Гавайские острова

to be known as быть известным как

greater больший

economy экономика

to get (got) получать

profits прибыль

mineral resources полезные ископаемые

to prevail преобладать

mining горная промышленность

machine building машиностроение

power industry энергетическая промышленность

commander-in-chief главнокомандующий

House of representatives Палата представителей

Задания к тексту «The United States of America»

Задание №1

Прочитайте и устно переведите текст. Составьте план текста.

Задание №2

Выпишите предложения из текста со словами, данными ниже. Переведите их письменно.

Слова: to be composed of, to border, total, capital, known as, during, profit, mineral resources, power, commander-in-chief.

Задание №3

Дополните предложения словами из текста,

  1. The USA 50 states.
  2. It borders on … in the north and on … in the south.
  3. The waters of the … … wash the USA in the east and the waters of the wash the country in the west.
  1. The Hawaiian Islands are in the
  2. … is the capital of USA.
  3. … is the official language.
  4. The flag of the USA known as the … .
  5. There are many … in USA and the longest is … .

9. in those times got great profits.

10 are well developed too.

11. The USA is the

12. The president is the … of the state.

13. He is also

14. The highest legislative organ in the country

Задание №4

Определите, верное утверждение или нет.

  1. The USA is composed of 55 states.
  2. It occupies the central part of South American continent.
  3. It borders on Mexico in the north and on Canada in the south.
  4. The Hawaiian Islands are in the Pacific Ocean.
  5. The population is more than 300 million people.

6. Belfast is the capital of the USA.

  1. English is the official language.
  2. There are many mountains in USA.
  3. The USA economy grew greatly during the last years.
  4. Power and food industries are well developed too.

Задание №5

Исправьте в предложениях допущенные грамматические ошибки, следуя тексту. Объясните правила.

l. The USA are composed of 50 state.

2. It border on Canada on the north and on Mexico on the south.

3. The Hawaiian Islands is in the Pacific Ocean.

4. They became the 50th state in the USA at 1958.

S. Washington the capital of USA.

б. Тhеге is many rivers on USA and long is Mississippi.

7. Power and food industries is well developed too.

Задание №6

Составьте предложения из данных слов так, чтобы они соответствовали предложениям в тексте.

  1. from, the, but, the, USA, part, a, Rocky, is, the, extend, greater, of, plain, country, Mountains, Mexico, Alaska, to, through;
  2. USA, economy, the, wars, grew, the, during, greatly, world;
  3. consists, organ, the, of, senate, highest, congress, the, legislative, country, is, the, in, the, of, and, Representatives, House, which.

Holidays

There are eight public holidays (bank holidays) a year in Great Britain, that is days on which people do not need to go to work. They are: Christmas Day, Boxing Day, New Year’s Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, May Day, Spring Holiday and Late Summer Holiday. The term «bank holiday» dates back to the 19th century when in 1871 and 1875 most of these days were constituted bank holidays, that is, days on which banks were to be closed. The observance of these days is no longer limited to banks.

All the public holidays, except Christmas Day and Boxing Day observed on the 25th and 26th of December respectively, do not fall on the same date each year. Good Friday and Easter Monday depend on Easter Sunday which falls on the first Monday in May. The Spring Holiday falls on the last Monday of May, while Late Summer Holiday falls on the last Monday in August.

Most of these holidays are of religious origin, though for the greater part of the population they have lost their religious significance and are simply days on which people relax, eat, drink and make merry.

Certain customs and traditions are associated with most public holidays. The reason is that many of them are part of holiday seasons as Easter and Christmas holiday seasons which are religious by origin and are connected by centuries-old traditions.

Besides public holidays, there are other festivals, anniversaries and simply days, on which certain traditions are observed, but unless they fall on a Sunday, they are ordinary working days.

Words and expressions:

a public holiday официальный праздник

a bank holiday «банковский» праздник (официальный праздник)

that is то есть

Christmas Day Рождество

Boxing Day День подарков

New Year’s Day Новый год

Good Friday пятница перед Пасхой

Easter Monday понедельник после Пасхи

May Day Первое мая

term термин

to date back to восходить к

to be constituted a bank holiday получить статус официального праздника

observance Празднование

to be no longer limited to banks не распространяться больше только на банки

to be observed праздноваться, соблюдаться

respectively соответственно

to fall выпадать

origin происхождение

greater больший

to relax отдыхать

to make merry веселиться

custom обычай

to be associated быть связанным

to be a part of a holiday season быть частью многодневного праздника

centuries-old traditions многовековые традиции

unless they… если они не…

Задания к тексту «Holidays»

Задание №1

Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

Составьте план текста.

Задание №2

Выпишите предложения из текста со словами, данными ниже.

Переведите их письменно.

Слова: term, limited, respectively, origin, to relax, customs, anniversaries.

Задание №3

Дополните предложения словами из текста.

1. There are eight a year in Great Britain, that is days on which … do not need to go to … .

2. dates back to the 19th century when in 1871 and 1875 most of these days were holidays, that is, days on which batiks were to be… .

3. … the public … , except Christmas Day and Boxing Day … on the 25th and 26th of , do not fall on the same date … year.

4. The falls on the last… of…, while Late Summer … falls on the last… in … .

5. … customs and traditions are … with most… holidays.

6. The … of these … is no longer … to … .

7. The term dates … to the 19th … when in … and … most of… days were … bank holidays,… is ,days on were to … closed .

  1. Good … and depend on which falls on the first… in … .
  2. … public … , there are other festivals,… and simply … ,on … certain … are … , but unless they fall on a … they are … working … .

10. Most of these holidays… of… origin,… for the greater part of the … they have lost and are simply days on … people … , eat, drink and … merry .

Задание №4

Определите, верное утверждение или нет.

  1. There are six public holidays (bank holidays) a year in America, that is days on which people must go to work.
  2. They are: Christmas Day, Boxing Day, New Year’s Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, May Day, Spring Holiday and Late Summer Holiday.
  3. The term «bank holiday» dates back to the 20th century when in 1671 and 1678 most of these days were constituted bank holidays, that is , days on which banks were open .
  4. All the public holidays, except Good Friday and Boxing Day observed on the 25th and 26th of December respectively, do not fall on the same date each year .
  5. Good Friday and Easter Monday depend on Easter Sunday which falls on the second Monday in May.
  6. The Spring Holiday falls on the last Wednesday of May, while Late Summer Holiday falls on the last Monday in August
  7. All holidays are of religious origin, though for the greater part of the population they have lost their religious significance and are simply days on which people relax, eat, drink and make merry
  1. Certain customs and traditions are not associated with most public holidays.
  2. The reason is that many of them are part of holidays season as Easter and Christmas holiday season which are religious by origin and are connected by centuries — old traditions.

Задание №5

Исправьте в предложениях допущенные грамматические ошибки, следуя тексту. Объясните правила.

  1. There is eight public holiday a year in Great Britain.
  2. The term «bank holiday » date back to the 19th century when at 1871 and 1875 most of these days is constituted bank holidays.
  3. The observance of these days are no longer limited to banks.
  4. Good Friday and Easter Monday depends on Easter Sunday which fall on the first Monday on May.
  5. Most of these holidays is of religious origin.
  6. Certain customs and traditions is associated with most public holidays.

7. The reason are that many of them are part of holiday seasons as Easter and Christmas holiday seasons.

Задание №6

Составьте предложения из данных слов так, чтобы они соответствовали предложениям в тексте.

  1. The, all except, public, Christmas , holidays, day ,Boxing ,and, day, On, observed, 25th, the, 26th, December, of, do, respectively, not, on, fall, same, the , each, date ,year, on;
  2. These, most, of, are, of, origin, holidays, religious, for, the, though, part, greater ,the, of, they, lost, population, have, religious, their, significance, and, simply, are, on, days, people, relax, which, and, drink, eat, and, merry, make;
  3. holidays, traditions, certain, most, with, customs, are, public, associated, and.

Education in England

All English children must stay at school from age of 5 until they are 16. The schools are divided into two groups: state schools and private schools.

State schools are divided into the following types:

Grammar schools. Children from these schools show a preference for academic subjects, though many grammar schools now also have some technical subjects.

Technical schools. These schools are for children, who are interested in physics, chemistry and mathematics.

Modern schools. Boys and girls who like to work with their hands can go there to get some trade.

Comprehensive schools. These schools usually combine all types of secondary education. They have physics, chemistry, biology, machine workshops and also geography, history, art and domestic course.

There are also many schools, which the State doesn’t control. They are private schools. They charge fees for educating children and many of them are boarding schools and schools only for girls or boys.

After leaving school many young people go to colleges or universities.

Colleges offer courses in teacher training and some professions connected with medicine.

There are about 90 universities in Britain. After graduating from the university a student gets a degree. Most degree courses at universities last 3 years, language courses 4 years, medicine and dentistry courses 5-7 years.

Students usually very busy because of their training, but many of them have to work in the evenings to pay for it.

Words and expressions:

to stay at school учиться в школе

a private school частная школа

a grammar school «грамматическая школа»

to show a preference for academic subjects проявлять склонность к академическим дисциплинам

subject предмет

to get some trade получить профессию

a comprehensive school общеобразовательная школа

to combine объединять

a secondary education среднее образование

a machine workshop мастерская

a domestic course домоводство

to control управлять

to charge fees брать плату

educating обучение

a boarding school интернат

leaving окончание

teacher training подготовка учителей

to be connected быть связанным

to graduate from окончить

to get a degree получить степень

a degree course курс с присвоением степени

to last длиться

to have to приходится

Задания к тексту «Education in England»

Задание №1

Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

Составьте план текста.

Задание№2

Выпишите предложения из текста со словами, данными ниже

Переведите их письменно.

Слова: stay, divided, preference, interested, combine, private, boarding schools, teacher training .

Задание№3

Дополните предложение словами из текста.

1. The … are … into two groups: state schools and private schools.

2. … and … who like to work with … hands can go … to get some trade.

3. They are … schools.

4 school many … people go to … or universities.

  1. There are about in Britain.
  2. Colleges offer… in and some … connected with medicine.
  3. State … are divided into the … types.
  4. These … are for children, who are … in physics … and ….
  1. … are also many schools which the State … control.
  2. … usually very busy … of their… ,but many of… have to work in the … to pay for it.

Задание№4

Определите, верное утверждение или нет.

  1. All English children must stay at school from age of 7 until they are 14.
  2. The schools are divided into three groups: state schools private schools and secondary schools.
  1. Children from these schools show a preference for academic subjects, though many grammar schools now also have some technical subjects.
  2. Technical schools are for children who are interested in technical subjects, chemistry and mathematics.

5. Boys and girls who like to work with their hands can go there to get some trade.

6. Comprehensive schools usually combine all types of secondary education.

7. There are also many schools which the State controls.

8 . After leaving school many young people go to colleges or universities.

9.There are about 90 colleges in Britain.

Задание №5

Исправьте в предложениях допущенные грамматические ошибки, следуя тексту. Объясните правила.

l. The schools is divided into two group: state schools and private schools.

2. Children from this schools show a preference for academic subjects, though many grammar school now also have some technical subjects.

3. These schools is to children, who is interested in physics, chemistry and mathematics .

  1. Boys and girls who like to work with their hands can goes there to get some trade.
  2. They has physics, chemistry, biology, machine workshops also geography, history, art and domestic course.
  1. There are also many schools, which the State don’t control.
  2. They is private schools.
  3. After leaving school many young people go to colleges or universities.

Задание№6

Составьте предложения из данных слов так, чтобы они соответствовали предложениям в тексте.

1) usually, busy, students , of, very, but, their, have, them, in, training, work, it, to, for, the, evenings, pay, because, of, many, to;

  1. universities, after, or, leaving, colleges, school, to, many, go, young, people;
  2. trade, boys, some, and, to, who, get, girls, there, like, go, to, can, work, hands, with, their.

Sports

The British are a sports — loving nation. Cricket, football, rugby, tennis, table tennis, badminton and snooker were invented in Britain. The first rules for such sports as boxing, golf, hockey, yachting and horse-racing also appeared in Britain. The most popular sports which people take part in rather than watching are angling, snooker and darts.

Cricket is the English game. A match can take five days — and still end in a draw. This game was being played 250 years ago.

Football began as a contest between neighbouring villages — without a limit of number of the players on each side and almost without rules. The rules of the modern game consolidated only in 1863.

Golf was probably invented in Holland, but has been played in Scotland for at least 400 years. At first, it was played with balls made of wood, then of leather stuffed with feathers.

The first rules for tennis appeared in England in the first tournament in Wimbledon in 1877. Wimbledon is still the world’s most famous tennis centre.

There are a lot of sports games which are popular in Britain. 25 million of people take part in sports. Sports is on the program of all state and private school and universities. Nearly all schools have sports grounds and swimming pools. Indeed, sports is a part of everyday life in Britain.

Words and expressions:

Britain Англия (Британия)

a sport-loving nation нация любителей спорта

cricket крикет

rugby регби

snooker бильярд

yachting гонки на яхтах

horse-racing скачки

to originate происходить

to take part принимать участие

angling рыбная ловля

darts «дротики»

to take проходить

all the same все равно

to end in a draw закончиться вничью

to consolidate укрепляться

Wimbledon Уимблдон

nearly почти

Задания к тексту «Sports»

Задание №1

Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

Составьте план текста.

Задание №2

Выпишите предложения из текста со словами, данными ниже.

Переведите их письменно.

Слова: invented, take part, cricket, end in a draw, limit, consolidated, wood, popular, everyday.

Задание№3

Дополните предложения словами из текста.

  1. … is the … game.
  2. This game was … played 250 … ago.
  3. … is still the … most famous

4 of people take part in … .

5. … , sports is a part of… life in … .

6.The … are a sports -… nation.

7.There are a lot of which are … in Britain.

8 … match can take … days -… still… in a draw.

  1. The rules of the modern game … only in … .
  2. Sports is on the … of all state and … school and ….

Задание№4

Определите, верное утверждение или нет

  1. The British are not a sports — loving nation.
  2. The first rules for such sports as boxing, golf, hockey, yachting, and horse — racing also appeared in England.
  3. Cricket is the Russian game.
  4. A match can take five days — and still end in a draw.
  5. Snooker began as a contest between neighbouring villages — without a limit of number of the players on each side and almost without rules.
  6. Cricket was probably invented in Holland, but has been played in Wales for at least 400 years.
  1. Wimbledon is still the world’s most famous tennis centre.
  2. There are not a lot of sports games which are popular in Britain.

Задание№5

Исправьте в предложениях допущенные грамматические ошибки, следуя тексту.

  1. The British is a sports — loving nation
  2. Cricket the English game.
  3. A match can takes five days — and still end in a draw.
  4. Football begin as a contest between neighbouring villages — without a limit of number of the players on each side and almost without rules.

5. Golf is probably invented in Holland, but has been played in Scotland for at least 400 year.

6. There are a lot of sports game which are popular at Britain.

Задание№6

Составьте предложения из данных слов так, чтобы они соответствовали предложениям в тексте.

  1. in, indeed,, Britain, sports, life, is, everyday, a, part, of;
  2. universities , sports, and, is , school, on, private, the, and, program, state, of, all;
  3. feathers, at, with, first, stuffed, it, leather, played, of, was, then, with, wood, balls, of, made.

Mass media

The most popular sources of entertainment and information are the press, radio and TV. The press plays an important part in the life of society. Millions of Americans in their free time read newspapers. In the USA daily newspapers are published in 34 different languages. The daily newspapers are of two kinds: quality and popular. A quality paper is a serious newspaper which publishes articles and commentaries about politics. A popular paper contains many photographs; its articles are often sensational and mostly deal with private life of famous people.

The radio does not interfere in your activity. You can listen to the radio while doing some work about the house, reading a book or driving a car. On the radio you can hear music, plays, news and different discussions. A peculiar feature of the American radio is soap opera. It is a sentimental dramatic serial that describes domestic problems. Soap opera is usually broadcast every day. There are a lot of games on the radio. Radio has also cultural and educational programs. Many programs consist of classical music.

Television is a «chewing gum for ears and eyes». There are many serials on TV in the USA. They appeared in the 1950s. TV games attract a large audience. During TV quiz programs viewers answer different questions. There are many educational programs on television. Educational TV films and programs are shown in schools and colleges as a part of the curriculum.

Words and expressions:

mass media средства массовой информации

quality качественный

popular популярный

to do some work выполнять работу

feature черта

to appear появляться

quiz викторина

viewer зритель

Задания к тексту «Mass media»

Задание №1

Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

Составьте план текста.

Задание№2

Выпишите предложения из текста со словами, данными ниже.

Переведите их письменно.

Слова: popular sources , important, daily, contains , interfere, peculiar, soap, cultural, serials.

Задание №3

Дополните предложения словами из текста.

  1. The most popular sources of entertainment and information are… .
  2. A quality paper is a serious newspaper which publishes ….
  3. You can listen to the radio while doing… .
  1. On the radio you can hear ….
  2. A peculiar feature of the American radio is … .
  3. Radio has also ….
  4. There are many serials on … .
  5. Educational TV films and programs are shown in … .
  6. TV games… a large … .
  7. Many programs … of… music.

Задание№4

Определите, верное утверждение или нет.

  1. The press doesn’t play an important part in the life of society.
  2. Millions of Americans in their free time read newspapers.
  3. In the USA daily newspapers are published in 14 different languages.
  4. A popular paper contains many songs.
  1. The radio interferes in your activity.
  2. You can listen to the radio while doing some work about the house.
  3. On the radio you can hear music, plays, the news and fairy- tales.
  4. A peculiar feature of the American radio is a fable.
  5. There are a lot of games on the radio.
  6. Many programs consist of pop music.

Задание№5

Исправьте допущенные ошибки в предложениях, следуя тексту.

  1. The books play an important part in the life of society.
  2. Millions of Englishmen in their free time read books.
  3. The press does not interfere in your activity
  4. Soap opera is usually broadcast every week.
  5. There are a lot of stories on the radio.
  6. Radio has also cultural and sports programs.

7. There are many serials on the radio in USA.

Задание№6

Составьте предложения из данных слов так, чтобы они соответствовали предложениям в тексте.

  1. often, are, popular, a, many, paper, life, people, articles, contains, of, famous ,with, its, private, deal, photographs, sensational, and, mostly;
  2. a, is , problems, that, it, sentimental, serial, domestic, dramatic, describes;
  3. music, many, classic, programs, of, consist.

Weather and climate

The English are famous for their tea and weather. The English are always talking about their weather. English weather is never the same two days running.

The most beautiful time in Great Britain is the spring and early summer. All the cold winds, the fog and heavy rains have gone. It rains sometimes, it’s often cloudy, but not so often as in the winter. It rains quite often during all the year in England. It’s a green country with green grass and large gardens.

The autumn is a nice season. The sky is blue and the sun shines all the day. After spring comes short English summer. It’s a time of journeys to the seaside to bathe in the sea.

The winter has no snow at all sometimes. But it’s not the right statement for the North and Scotland. It’s nice time for skating on rivers. The west is warmer than other parts of the country.

It’s a difficult country for people who work outdoors. They are milkmen, farmers, postmen and policemen. It could be cold in the morning, warm in the afternoon and raining in the evening. One day it’s sunny, next day it may be cold, and the next day it may be rainy.

The most terrible weather is the foggy weather. Sometimes the fog is thick and dirty. In London this is called smog: a mixture of smoke and fog. Sometimes it’s so dark that people can’t see the way and cars crawl along slowly with their lights-on.

Everybody in England hates to wake up in the morning and look through the window to see the fog on the street. «Terrible» weather say 20 million Englishmen, when they go to work in the morning.

Words and expressions:

running подряд

quite весьма

to shine светить

seaside побережье

at all вообще

statement утверждение

warmer теплее

milkman продавец молока (молочник)

thick густой

smog смог

to crawl along ползти

lights-on включенные фары

Задания к тексту «Weather and climate»

Задание №1

Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

Составьте план текста.

Задание №2

Выпишите предложения из текста со словами, данными ниже.

Переведите их письменно.

Слова: famous, beautiful, cloudy, grass, sky, snow, outdoors, raining, sunny, foggy, terrible.

Задание №3

Дополните предложения словами из текста.

  1. The … are famous … their tea and weather.
  2. English weather is never the same
  3. The most beautiful time in Great Britain is the … and early … .
  4. It… sometimes, it’s often … , not so often as in the … .
  5. It’s green … with green … and large … .
  6. The … has no … at all sometimes.
  7. It’s nice time for … on rivers.

8 country for people who work … .

  1. The most… weather is the … weather.
  2. Sometimes the … is and … .

Задание №4

Определите, верное утверждение или нет.

  1. The English are famous for their tea and coffee.
  2. The English are always talking about their weather.
  3. English weather is always the same two days running.
  4. The most beautiful time in Great Britain is the winter and early autumn.
  5. It rains quite often during all the year in England.
  6. The winter has no snow at all sometimes.
  7. The south is warmer than other parts of the country.
  8. It’s not a difficult country for people who work outdoors.
  9. The most terrible weather is a rainy weather.
  10. Everybody in England likes to wake up in the morning and look

through the window to see the rain on the street.

Задание №5

Исправьте в предложениях допущенные грамматические ошибки, следуя тексту. Объясните правила.

  1. English weather are never the same two day miming.
  2. The most beautiful time in Great Britain the spring and early summer.
  3. The autumn nice season.
  1. The winter have no snow at all sometimes.
  2. The west is warm than other parts of the country.
  3. A most terrible weather is foggy weather.
  4. Sometimes the fog thick and dirty.
  5. At London this are called smog; a mixture smoke and fog.

Задание №6

Составьте предложения из данных слов так, чтобы они соответствовали предложениям в тексте.

  1. winter, sometimes, often, not, it, the, as, rains, it’s, so, but, often, cloudy, in;
  2. the, afternoon, it, be, warm, raining, could, in, the, cold, in, the, and, morning, in, evening;
  3. it’s, people, cars, way, the, see, sometimes, with, dark, slowly, their, so, lights-on, that, along, can’t, crawl, and.

Список использованной литературы

  1. http://www.native-english.ru/topics
  2. http://iloveenglish.ru/tests
  3. http://engmaster.ru/word/15

Приложения:

  1. file0.doc.. 160,0 КБ

Опубликовано: 19.03.2020

Чтение на английском языке. Тексты для девятого класса.

На этой странице представлены тексты для чтения на английском языке для 9-го класса. Запомните: Чтение способствует развитию ясного и четкого мышления, а в итоге, и речи.

Тексты для 9 класса

Advertising as persuasion

Advertising as persuasion

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Education in England and Wales

Education in England and Wales

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Education in the USA

Education in the USA

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Industry in Britain

Industry in Britain

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New promotion techniques

New promotion techniques

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One world — in English

One world — in English

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Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II

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The Internet

The Internet

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