Текст про спорт в великобритании на английском

The British are a sports-loving nation. Cricket, soccer, rugby, tennis, squash, table tennis, badminton, canoeing and snooker were all invented in Britain. The first rules for such sports as boxing, golf, hockey, yachting and horse-racing also originated from Britain. The most popular sports that people take part in, rather than watching, are angling, snooker and darts.

Cricket is very much the English game. A match can take five days — and still end in a draw. A form of cricket was being played 250 years ago.

Football began as a contest between neighbouring villages — with no limit to the number on each side, no fixed pitch and almost no rules. The Football Association drew up the rules of the modern game in 1863 and in 1888 12 clubs joined together to form the first Football League. England won the World Cup in 1966. Rugby and football became twro separate sports when the rules laid down by the Football Association said that only the goalkeeper could handle the ball. Two kinds of rugby are played in Britain. Rugby Union is played by amateurs in teams of 15 in the south of England and in Wales (where it is the national sport). Rugby League is played by professionals in teams of 13 in the north of England.

Golf was probably invented in Holland, but has been played in Scotland for at least 400 years. At first, it was played with balls made of wood, then of leather stuffed with feathers.

The first rules for tennis were drawn up by the All-England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club when it held its first tournament in the London suburb of Wimbledon in 1877. Wimbledon is still the world’s most famous tennis event.

There are a lot of sports and games which are popular both among youngsters and grown-ups. 25 million of grownup people take part in sports. Sports is on the programme of all state and private schools and universities. Nearly all schools have sports grounds and swimming pools. Indeed, sports is a part of everyday life in Britain.

Topical Vocabulary

— a sports-loving nation

нация любителей спорта

to be invented

быть изобретенным

rules for smth.

правила для чего-либо

to originate from

происходить из (какой-либо страны)

to take part in smth.

принимать участие в чем-либо

— to end in a draw

закончиться вничью

— a contest between

соревнование между

to draw up the rules

разработать правила

Football League

Лига футбола

to win the World Cup

выиграть Кубок мира

to lay down the rules

сформулировать правила

to handle the ball

касаться мяча рукой

to be played by amateurs

играться любителями

in teams of…

командами в количестве…

a professional

профессионал

— the All-England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club

Всеанглийский клуб тенниса и крокета

to hold a tournament

проводить турнир

— to be on the programme of

входить в программу чего-либо

to be a part of everyday life

быть частью повседневной жизни

Answer the questions:

  1. How can you prove that sports play an important part in Britain?
  2. What is the history of football?
  3. Is cricket popular in Britain?
  4. What two kinds of rugby are played in Britain?
  5. Where was golf invented?
  6. What was the first rules of tennis drawn by?

Translate into English:

  1. Многие виды спорта были изобретены в Великобритании.
  2. Футбольные правила были созданы Ассоциацией футбола.
  3. Матч крокета, чисто английской игры, может продолжаться несколько дней.
  4. Регби и футбол — две различные игры.
  5. В регби играют любители и профессионалы.
  6. Гольф был изобретен в Голландии. Первые правила были созданы в 18 веке.
  7. Всеанглийский клуб тенниса и крокета провел первый чемпионат мира по теннису в 1877 году.

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Sports in Great Britain 

The British are known to be great sports-lovers, so
when they are neither playing, nor watching games, they like to talk about
them. Many of the games we play now have come from Britain.

One of the most British games is cricket. It is often
played in schools, colleges, universities, and by club teams all over the
country. Summer isn’t summer without cricket. To many Englishmen cricket is
both a game and the way of life.

But as almost everywhere else in the world, the game,
which attracts the greatest attention, is football, or soccer. There are plenty
of professional and amateur soccer clubs all over Britain.

International football matches and the Cup Finals take
place at Wembley Stadium. Rugby football is also very popular, but it is played
mainly by amateurs. Next to football, the chief spectator sport in British life
is horseracing. A lot of people are interested in the races and risk money on
the horse, which they think, will win. Derby is perhaps the most famous
race-course competition in the whole world.

Britain is also famous for motorcar racing,
dog-racing, boat racing, and even races for donkeys. The famous boat racing
between the teams of Oxford and Cambridge attracts large crowds of people.

A great number of Englishmen play tennis. Tennis
tournaments at Wimbledon are known all over the world.

The British also like to play golf, baseball, hockey,
and grass-hockey. Various kinds of athletics, such as running, jumping,
swimming, boxing are also popular.

You can sometimes hear that there are no winter sports
in England. Of course, in England it’s not always cold enough to ski, skate, or
toboggan, but winter is a good season for hunting and fishing.

Спорт в Великобритании 

Британцы, как известно,
являются большими любителями спорта, и даже когда они не играют, и не наблюдают
за игрой, им нравится говорить о спорте. Многие игры, в которые мы теперь
играем, родом из Великобритании.

Одна из многих
британских игр — крикет. В него часто играют в школах, колледжах, университетах
и клубных командах по всей стране. Лето не лето без крикета. Крикет для многих
англичан — и игра, и образ жизни.

Но, как и почти везде в
мире, игрой, привлекающей самое большое внимание, является футбол. По всей Великобритании
существует много профессиональных и любительских футбольных клубов.

Международные
футбольные матчи и финалы кубка проводятся на стадионе Уэмбли. Регби также
очень популярен, но в него играют главным образом любители. Наряду с футболом
главным спортом для зрителей Британии являются скачки. Многие люди интересуются
1 скачками и делают ставки на лошадей, которые, по их мнению, победят. Дерби,
возможно, самые известные в мире соревнования по скачкам.

Великобритания также
известна автомобильными гонками, собачьими бегами, лодочными гонками и даже
гонками ослов. Знаменитые лодочные гонки между командами Оксфорда и Кембриджа
привлекают большие толпы людей.

Огромное число англичан
играет в теннис. Теннисные турниры в Уимблдоне известны во всем мире.

Британцам также
нравится играть в гольф, бейсбол, хоккей и хоккей на траве.. Различные виды
легкой атлетики, такие как бег, прыжки, плавание, бокс также популярны.

Вы можете иногда услышать, что в Англии нет никаких
зимних видов спорта. Конечно, в Англии не всегда достаточно холодно, чтобы
ездить на лыжах, кататься на коньках или санях, но зима — хорошее время года
для охоты и рыбной ловли.

 

Sport in Great Britain 

The most popular sport in Britain as a whole is football. A lot of people support their local clubs at matches on Saturday afternoons or watch the matches live on television. The football league in England and Wales has four divisions. Each one contains twenty-two teams, and at the end of each season, the top three clubs from the lower division are promoted to a higher one. There are two main prizes each season. The football league championship is won by the team that is top of the first division, and the Football Association Challenge Cup is knockout competition between all the teams of the league. 

Sport is very popular at British Universities. Netball is one of them. It is played with a large leather ball. Each team tries to score goals by throwing the ball through the other team’s net. In rugby, the ball looks as though someone has sat on it. There is a lot of pushing, the goalposts are in the shape of the letter «H». There is no goalkeeper. 

Cricket is, probably, the most popular and the most mysterious English game. Each team takes it in turn to bat. Players usually wear white clothes. The scoring of this game is a mystery even to many British people. 

Перевод

Самый популярный вид спорта в Великобритании в целом — футбол. Многие люди поддерживают свои местные клубы на матчах по субботам или смотрят матчи в прямом эфире по телевизору. Футбольная лига Англии и Уэльса состоит из четырех дивизионов. Каждая из них содержит двадцать две команды, и в конце каждого сезона лучшие три клуба из нижнего дивизиона переходят в более высокий. Есть два главных приза каждый сезон. Чемпионат футбольной лиги выигрывает команда, являющаяся лидером первого дивизиона, а Переходящий кубок Футбольной Ассоциации вручается в соревнованиях между всеми командами лиги. 

Спорт очень популярен в британских университетах. Нетбол является одним из них. Он играется с большим кожаным мячом. Каждая команда пытается забить гол, бросая мяч через сетку другой команды. В регби мяч выглядит так, как будто на нем кто-то сидел. Здесь много толкаются, а стойки ворот в форме буквы «Н». Вратаря нет. 

Крикет, пожалуй, самая популярная и самая загадочная английская игра. Каждая команда бьет по очереди. Игроки обычно носят белую одежду. Способ подсчета очков этой игры является загадкой даже для многих британцев. 

Спорт в Великобритании5.0 out of
5
based on
1 vote

Sports play an important part in the life of the English people. Such national British sports as football, golf, cricket, table tennis, lawn tennis, snooker, steeplechase, racing, darts are popular among the British. They are proud that many sports originated in their country and then spread throughout the world.

Football the most popular game in the world is of two kinds in Britain:, association football (soccer) and rugby. Soccer played almost in all countries remains one of the most pbpular games in Great Britain. Rugby football originated at Rugby public school. In this game players may carry the ball. Rugby is played by teams of 15 men with an oval ball.

Golf, one of the popular sports inv Britain, originated in Scotland.

Englishmen are fond of cricket. Cricket is popular in schools, colleges, universities. Test matches with other countries are held regularly.

Table tennis was invented in England in 1880. But the British players are not lucky in tennis international championships.

Wimbledon is known world-wide as the centre of lawn tennis. Wimbledon championships begin on the nearest Monday to June 22, when the weather is fine. The Championships are watched on TV live and at full length by millions of people.

Steeplechase, a cross country running, is popular in European countries. The first cross country race took place in 1837.

Englishmen like all kinds of racing. Horse-racing, motor-car racing, boat-racing, dog-racing, donkey-racing are very popular in England. The most famous boat race in England is between Oxford and Cambridge. It first started in 1820 and has been held almost every spring since 1836. A lot of people come to watch it.

Текст ниже средней сложности — Popular sports in Great Britain / Популярные виды спорта в Великобритании

They say, less than half the population of Great Britain take part regularly in sport. The majority of those who do are men between the age of 20 and 45. But what kind of sports may be called popular among British sportsmen? What do we know about popular sports in Great Britain? When and where are most fabulous sporting events held?

My friend Tom and I, Rick Peters, have decided to find a proper answer to these questions. First we went to Great Britain. Second, we asked different people these 3 questions. Third, we took notes of all the information we heard. And now, we are proud to present you the results of our research. According to our research, among popular sports in Great Britain, the British name football, cricket and golf. We are here to share this information with you, our friends!

Football is the national sport in England and Scotland. A lot of people are crazy about football. There are several football leagues in Great Britain. The English Barclays Premier League is generally called as the best league in the world. The Scottish Premier League is also very successful. People worldwide support famous English clubs like Manchester United, Liverpool, Arsenal and Chelsea. Football matches attract millions of people worldwide.

Cricket is the main summer sport in the UK. It is played at various levels from village standard up to the England national team. The England team plays home Test matches, one-day internationals and Twenty20 matches every summer and goes on tour every winter. The undoubted highlight is the Ashes — England against Australia — which is contested every two years.

Golf has made the UK famous as its home. The UK boasts hundreds of world-class courses that include St Andrews, Wentworth, the Belfry and Carnoustie. They are four of the most famous courses in the world. The British Open is held every July at different courses in the UK. It is the oldest and most famous or golf’s four major championships.

Tom and I, Rick Peters, hope that you will use this information every time somebody asks you: «What popular sports in Great Britain do you know?»

Словарь

to take part regularly in sport — заниматься регулярно спортом

fabulous sporting events — значимые спортивные события (соревнования)

proper — подходящий, нужный, правильный

worldwide — по всему миру

Test matches — матчи по крикету или регби, проводимые командами из разных стран

the undoubted highlight — несомненно яркое зрелище

to be held — проводиться, быть проведенным

four major championships — четыре главных чемпионата

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