Статья о вымирающих видах животных в россии на английском языке

There are many kind of animals in Russia. Each of them have their uniquess which amazing to see. Same like the other country, Russia offer various kind of animal – even exclusive can only seen in this country. But as the technology raising and cause of the human business, slow but sure they start to mess up with nature. Clean up the forest, hunting exotics animal, even the global warming some of them were endangered and will face extinction if Russian didn’t do anything. We will share 7 most endangered species of animals in Russia. Most of them are the top predator in their food chain. Who are they? Lets check this out.

 1. Amur Leopard

The number one of the endangered species which will extinct if the government, or Russian society didn’t do anything to save this species. It was believed that only less than 60 are estimated to exist in Russia.  The Amur Leopard , which well-known as Manchurian Leopard is have the critically endangered status and largely can be found in large swathes of northeast Asia, but because of the hunt, we believe this species only be found in native place at the Primorye Region in southeastern Russia.

What makes this leopard so famous because they have thick coat of fur with beautiful black spots. They have various colour of their coat from pale to deep yellow with the golden tinge. If we compare to another leopard, Amur Leopard is smaller than anyone. Because they live in snow terrain, they already adapt with the envoriment with long limbs. What makes this leopard close to extinction are poaching, forest fires, illness, and by human who encroachment into their habitat.

2. Polar Bear

Polar Bear is the iconic species in Russia. It is the world’s largest land predator . Weighing about 800 kilograms, not difficult for them to achieve the title of “ largest land predator”.  This animals really famous because of the animation film called “ Masha and the Bear”, a funny animation film starred a girl and the Bear who lived together.

The estimated polar bear who still exist are 3,000 polar bear living in Chukchi Sea which make them endangered. However, it would not a exact number since Russian authorities did not allow scientist to estimate population of Polar Bear in Russia. So what make this exotic species decreased day by day?

Scientist believed that illegal hunting haunted the Polar Bear since decades ago and we need the authorities to act against the hunter. Finally in 1956, the illegal hunting of Russian Polar Bear has been banned . However, we still saw dead bodies of them and was claimed by self-defense from the locals. To ensure the existence of the species, the government made an agreement with their old foe, the United States. In 2000 the Russia and the united States signed bilateral agreement to save polar bear population in the Chuckhi Sea. Both countries are going to allow only the indigenous people to kill the polar bears with the limited permission by the number of bears to be hunted.

3. Snow Leopard

The snow leopard is the only permanent inhabitant of the Central Asia highlands. They found in the sub alpine and the alpine zones at altitude over 2,500 meters above sea level. This big cats is adapted with harsh climatic conditions. Optimal habitat conditions for this big cat are the presence of rock and snow cover.

Snow Leopard has natural habitat at the northwestern part in Russia. It has 60,000 square kilometres , the total area that probable can be use for snow leopard to habitate. The snow leopard is one of the most beautiful big cats found in Russia. The female is slightly larger than the male. In captivity, this cat can lives up to 28 years.

What you don’t know about snow leopard is the behaviour they have. They are very playful and love to roll in the snow. Sometimes they often slide down a steep hill at the back and at the end they quickly turn over and fall into the snow on all four paws. When they are in good mood, they just like house cat.

4. Lynxes

Lynxes is very unique animal. It is one of any of the four species within the medium-sized wild cat in Lynx genus. In Greek, Lynx is known by the Greek Mythology and “lynx” means seeing what others can’t, and have the role to revealing the hidden truth. The name comes from Greek – leukos meaning white or bright, maybe lynxes got the name by the way their eyes shine in the dark .

The main reason why this cat named lynxes wasnot by the eyes, but comes from the ears. This animal is well known by the tuft of black hair on the tips of its ears and it short or bobbed tail. All lynxes, both male and female have the tufts, until know we still don’t know what they are used for. Until now scientist believes that the tufts were made for enhacing the cat’s hearing.

Did you know, because of the habitat loss due to deforestation , prey loss due to game hunting, and illegal hunting and trapping for the fur trade are the main treat to Lynx. Hard to believe, but the population of this animal is decreasing by the time. For now, conservation status of Eurasian Lynx in Least concern or population stable thanks for the quick response from the authorities.

5. Beluga Whale

Beluga Whale is one of the endangered species in Russia. They often called the white whale and well-known for their impressive vocal abilities, flexible body , which is possible for them to move their head to all direction. This species not only have a bad condition in Russia, but across the world. The reason this friendly white whale endangered is because Eskimos. These eskimos hunt the whale for food and the needs. For those who don’t know, whale’s blubber ad shark liver were hunt for the lipstick. So if we don’t limit the hunt for this species, it will gone forever.

The species has the scientific names – delphinapterus leucas, which have the length about 15 feets for the male and females up to 14 feet. They have lifespan about 30 – 50 years. Reasonable if we see their big body. They have stunning weigh approx. 3,000 lbs for the male, and 2,000 lbs for the females.

The protection status for the endangered species act is endangered, while IUCN Red List is near-threatened and have appendix II status for their CITES.

So that’s all 5 Most Endangered Species of animals in Russia. Most of them really beautiful, and have a better lifespan if we don’t hunt for the needs or for food. We have to limit the hunting, because if we just do it without any control for the authorities, day by day their population will decreasing and our child will no longer see this animals forever. Since we still have time to protect and do something for them, lets make some change and do the best for their live.

Native to southeastern Russia, fewer than 60 Amur leopards exist today.

Native to southeastern Russia, fewer than 60 Amur leopards exist today.

Russia is the largest country in the world in terms of land area. The nation occupies much of Eastern Europe and Northern Asia covering a land area of 6,592,800 square miles. Its varied landscape consists of expansive plains, volcanic mountains, endless coastlines, rivers, and lakes. The enormous landscape and varying eco-systems support numerous plants and animals. Among the animals found in Russia are endangered mammals such as Amur Leopard, Asiatic Lion, Ussuri Dhole and the North Pacific right whale.

Russia’s Most Endangered Mammals

Amur Leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis)

Amur Leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) is a leopard species native to southeastern Russia and northern China. The leopard has a thick coat of fur with beautiful black spots. The coat’s color varies from pale yellow to deep yellow with a golden tinge. The Amur leopard is smaller compared to other types of leopards, although it has fairly long limbs; an adaptation for walking through deep snow. Amur leopard is classified as a critically endangered mammal, and fewer than 60 are estimated to exist in the Russian province of Primorsky Krai. The main threats to the animal’s existence include poaching, human encroachment into its habitat, forest fires, rapid development, and disease.

Saiga Antelope (Saiga tatarica)

Saiga Antelope (Saiga tatarica) is unique amongst antelopes for its enlarged nose. It inhabits flat plains and is nomadic, travelling between steppe grasslands during summer from desert areas in winter. Saigas graze on herbs, grasses, and shrubs while its enlarged snout helps to filter out dust. The Saiga antelope faces threats from habitat destruction, predation, disease, and poaching. It is a critically endangered species currently found in a restricted area in Russia. Hunting of the Saiga antelope is banned in Russia and its trade in international markets is highly restricted.

Ussuri Dhole (Cuon alpinus alpinus)

Ussuri dhole (Cuon alpinus alpinus) is a rare animal found in eastern Russia and China. It prefers savannahs, alpine tundra and flat unforested grassland known as steppes. The Ussuri dhole grows a wooly coat and larger mane in winter that is shed in the summer. It feeds on herbivores like the blackbucks, deer, wild boar, chital, and the Asiatic water buffalo. The Ussuri dhole faces threats from poaching, fur trade, habitat loss, and disease. Its population has drastically reduced in the last five decades, although the Ussuri dhole is a protected animal in Russia.

North Pacific Right Whale (eubalaena japonica)

The North Pacific right whale is an incredibly rare type of baleen whale, with fewer than 40 animals estimated to be in existence. The North Pacific right whale can be found in the Bering Strait near Russia, and are known for being larger than the North Atlantic right whale. They can weigh up to 180,000 lb, and have measured to be up to 70 ft long. Threats to the North Pacific right whale include vulnerability because of small population size, food shortage, environmental changes, and human interaction, particularly surrounding oil extraction.

​Conservation measures

Russia is home to plenty of unique and rare wildlife. The government is committed to the protection of the endangered animals. The wildlife authorities have created national parks, nature reserves, and conservation areas to protect the animals from human interference. Further research on the animals is being conducted to help in conservation efforts.

Russia’s Most Endangered Mammals

Russia’s Most Endangered Mammals Estimated Population
Amur Leopard <60
Saiga Antelope <36000
Muisk Vole Not available
Asiatic Lion <600
Persian Leopard <1500
Siberian Tiger <400
Snow Leopard <10000
Ussuri Dhole Not available
European Mink <20000
West Caucasian Tur <6000
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Endangered species of animals in our country.

Endangered species of animals in our country.

The Far Eastern Leopard

The Far Eastern Leopard

The Far Eastern leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis or Panthera pardus amurensis) is a subspecies of leopards of the mammalian class of the predatory order of the feline family. It is one of the rarest representatives of the feline family in the world. Many experts consider the Far Eastern leopard to be the most beautiful subspecies of leopards, often comparing it with the snow leopard. The Far Eastern leopard has a flexible, slender and at the same time elongated body, a rounded head, a long tail, slender, very strong legs. /

The Far Eastern leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis or Panthera pardus amurensis) is a subspecies of leopards of the mammalian class of the predatory order of the feline family. It is one of the rarest representatives of the feline family in the world.

Many experts consider the Far Eastern leopard to be the most beautiful subspecies of leopards, often comparing it with the snow leopard. The Far Eastern leopard has a flexible, slender and at the same time elongated body, a rounded head, a long tail, slender, very strong legs.

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 Red Book The Far Eastern leopard is listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation as a rare, endangered subspecies with an extremely limited range, the main population of which is located within Russia. There is no other mammal species in the Russian Far East whose situation would be so critical. According to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), the number of the Far Eastern leopard in Russia is about 30 individuals. In addition, the Far Eastern leopard is included in the Red Book of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and in Annex I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Leopard hunting has been banned since 1956.

Red Book

The Far Eastern leopard is listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation as a rare, endangered subspecies with an extremely limited range, the main population of which is located within Russia. There is no other mammal species in the Russian Far East whose situation would be so critical. According to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), the number of the Far Eastern leopard in Russia is about 30 individuals.

In addition, the Far Eastern leopard is included in the Red Book of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and in Annex I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Leopard hunting has been banned since 1956.

Lumbago-grass

Lumbago-grass

Lumbago-grass is listed in the Red Book as a rare plant, so its free collection is prohibited. In many areas of growth, the flowers of the lumbago are destroyed by irresponsible collectors of primroses, which threatens the survival of the species. Dream grass grows in Europe, Russia and America, in the Far and Middle East and in China.

Lumbago-grass is listed in the Red Book as a rare plant, so its free collection is prohibited. In many areas of growth, the flowers of the lumbago are destroyed by irresponsible collectors of primroses, which threatens the survival of the species. Dream grass grows in Europe, Russia and America, in the Far and Middle East and in China.

Red book The reasons that this representative of the flora has become rare are simple. A person from a long time ago realized that the lumbago has medicinal properties, so he began to actively collect and harvest raw materials. In addition, large light purple flowers have good decorative characteristics, so they are used to create bouquets and compositions, ikebana. Finally, another reason for the reduction of the distribution area is that the places that the mystical grass prefers are beginning to overgrow violently with weeds.

Red book

The reasons that this representative of the flora has become rare are simple. A person from a long time ago realized that the lumbago has medicinal properties, so he began to actively collect and harvest raw materials. In addition, large light purple flowers have good decorative characteristics, so they are used to create bouquets and compositions, ikebana. Finally, another reason for the reduction of the distribution area is that the places that the mystical grass prefers are beginning to overgrow violently with weeds.

At present, nature is in dangerfor several reasons. First, there is always the possibility of another pollution. Ecological catastrophes of a different nature are increasingly hovering over the inhabitants of the Earth. Secondly, the constantly changing climate creates negative conditions for the environment. Many more reasons can be listed, because of which the quality of life of not only humans, but also animals, deteriorates. Because of this, they can reduce their numbers or even disappear as a species.

Causes of extinction

Why such a large number of species nowis threatened? Why was the Red Book of Animals created? There are several options. This may be due to biotic factors. These include actions committed by the animals themselves. For example, an uncontrolled increase in the level of reproduction of a species, or, on the contrary, a significant impact on it of predators can change lives and affect the number of individuals. Another important factor is abiotic. This, above all, climate change and habitat conditions of animals. And, of course, we can not ignore the most important factor of our time — man-made. This, of course, is the actions of the person himself. After all, the influence that we exert on nature is immeasurable and not always positive.

Red Animal Book

Creating a Red Book

Recognizing the importance of preserving nature and speciesanimals, the International Association for the Protection of Nature took the initiative in their own hands. In early 1949, she created the Commission responsible for rare species. And already in the 60s the first Red Book of Animals was released. What is she like? First of all, its main task was to make a list of especially rare species that are on the verge of extinction. Each animal is accompanied by an illustration and an abstract that briefly describes the lifestyle, habitat, food and the cause of the extinction of individuals. Moreover, animals are divided into groups. What animals are in the Red Book? It is, of course, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, fish, insects, etc. The section of mammals is the largest. They, in turn, are divided into artiodactyls, odd-toed ungulates, rodents, predators, bats and many others.

Animals from the Red Book of Russia

Animals from the Red Book of Russia

Russia is a huge country, rich not onlyits natural resources, but also the diversity of animal species living in its vast territories. It would be strange if they were not subjected to natural and unnatural extermination. Therefore, the animals from the Red Book of Russia amaze with their quantity and variety.

If it were possible to create a «three leaders», speaking about the most famous endangered species in Russia, then it would not be very difficult.

Red Book. Animals list

On the leading position in the book of Russia for surewould have been an Amur tiger. This predator, living in the Far East, was on the verge of destruction in the 1930s. Then the tigers were only 20-30 individuals. Active actions began to change the situation. They forbade hunting for the beast. Therefore, by the 1950s, there were already as many as 100 tigers. Now, according to recent estimates, there are about 400 of them. Most of these animals are in places where human activity is minimized, and the number of spotted deer and wild boars that serve as the main food of the predator , on the contrary, it is large enough. The Red Book, animals whose list is huge, is becoming wider. Of course, most of all, the level of life of a tiger reduces the activity of poachers. They continue to hunt them, despite injunctions and the threat of imprisonment. These people are not afraid of anything in pursuit of money. They sell skins to China and other Asian countries.

Red book, animals, list

Polar bear

Another animal, the number of which is constantlydeclines, is a polar bear. Few animals of the Red Book, the description of which is constantly updated, are so valuable for our country. Polar bears live in several places. So, they are in Greenland, on the coast of the Barents Sea, in Chukotka. Accordingly, the area is divided into populations related to a particular habitat. Most of them remain stably low in all places. What is the reason for this? The natural factor of low fertility and large mortality of calves leads to a reduction in the number of bears. In addition, changes in the Arctic climate have an impact on the food base. And of course, a person can not only change the last condition, killing seals, but also destroy the bears themselves according to known poaching purposes.

Animals of the Red Book, description

Steppe eagle

One of the most valuable birds for Russia issteppe eagle. No wonder he is dedicated to songs and fairy tales, sings his beauty and freedom. The latter is limited by the anthropogenic factor. Since the beginning of the plowing of virgin land, the number of birds has declined sharply. It is difficult for them to adapt to life in agrocenoses. Young eagles are dying from power lines. Grain reserves (gophers) also vary continuously. The nests that birds fly (usually in old haystacks) are often accidentally burned. All this does not help the number of eagles to become normal. The Red Book of Animals indicates that there are no more than 19,000 pairs left in the European part of Russia. This is a very low rate. There is also poaching. Although hunting and illegal export of birds have long been banned, this does not stop the criminals.

What animals are in the Red Book?

For our age, the animal suffered a severe test. They have to survive in the new conditions created by man. The animal’s red book helps to detect and fix species that are in danger to make a difference.

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The Amur leopard

Panthera pardus orientalis

Under protection:

The entire world population of the Amur leopard is about 40 — 50 species, the majority of these (around 30-40) live in Primorye region in Russia. The remaining species live in the provinces of Jilin and Heilongjiang in China. In South Korea, the leopard was seen for the last time in 1969.

In the Red Book of the Russian Federation Amur leopard belongs to category I, as extremely rare, endangered subspecies with an extremely limited areal, with the majority of the population within Russia. Amur leopard is also included in the Red Book of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Endangered Species (CITES ). Hunting Amur leopard is banned since 1956. In Primorye, about half of the Amur leopard habitat is in the National Park «Land of the Leopard» which was created in 2012.

Habitat areas:

Habitat countries — Russia, China. 

Habitat of the Amur leopard — the most Northern subspecies of leopard, stretches just north of the 45th parallel. Currently, the Amur leopard can only be found in Southwest Primorye (Russia).

Typical for the Amur leopard habitat is in coniferous and deciduous forests of Manchu type. These cats prefer areas with rugged, steep hills, rocky outcrops and watersheds.

Size:

Male: length — up to 136cm; tail – 90cm, weight- up to 60kg

Female: 112 cm; tail – 73cm; weight – up to 53kg

Appearance:

This remarkably beautiful cat has an elegant, slim body, round head, long tail and slender, very strong legs.

In the summer the coat does not exceed 2.5 cm and in winter becomes more lush, thick and long, reaching 5-7 cm. Winter coloring varies from light yellow to rusty-reddish and yellowish-red with a golden hue. In summer it becomes more vivid. Scattered throughout the body clearly defined black solid rings of spots or individual spots, give the skin of the Amur leopard special, unique coloring.

Eyes are yellow, pupil vertically oval, becoming round in the dark, claws dark chocolate with white ends, very mobile and retractable in a special «scabbard» not to get blunt from walking.

Behavior and lifestyle:

Amur leopard leads mainly crepuscular lifestyle. Usually goes on the hunt for an hour or two before sunset and hunts the first half of the night, though sometimes hunts in the afternoon, especially on cloudy days and cold winter.

Food:

Leopard food consists mainly of ungulates: deer, young wild boar, spotted deer and red deer calves. In addition, the leopard eats hares, badgers, raccoon dogs, pheasants, grouse and a variety of insects.

Reproduction:

Amur leopards reach sexual maturity at 2.5-3 years, with males slightly later than females. The breeding season usually begins in the second half of winter. Females arrange dens in stones, caves and under overhanging rocks. 3 months after the breeding season, 1 to 5 (usually 2-3) cubs are born. Kittens are born blind, covered with thick, fairly long hair. Skin speckled with small dark brown and black spots. Birth weight is around 500-700g, body length — about 15 cm. They begin to see clearly on 7 -9th day. When the kittens are about 2 weeks old- they start crawling on the nest, and at around two months the y go out of the den. At this time the female feeds them half-digested meat, then they begin to eat the prey brought by their mother. Female nurses kittens alone. Young animals are kept with their mother until her next breeding season, and when left – kittens don’t part with each other until the end of winter. The female can give birth every year, but mortality rate among young is very high.

Lifespan:

In captivity live up to 20 years, 10-15 years in nature.

Grounds Habitat: 

Individual territories of the Amur leopard are small — about 5-8 thousand hectares, and the cats themselves are strictly territorial. Each adult animal has its own area, which does not cross with territories of other individuals of the same sex.

Threats:

The main threats for the Amur leopard are poaching, the destruction of its habitat due to logging, expanding the network of roads and railways, as well as wildfires, reducing ungulate population, prey of the Amur leopard and genetic depletion of a population due to breeding of closely related species.

Interesting facts:

Each leopard has a unique spotted pattern by which scientists distinguish individual species.

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