Сообщение мамаев курган на английском

Mamaev Kurgan was originally a Tatar burial mound (‘kurgan’), although historians consider it is unlikely that it is the burial place of the Mongol-Tatar military commander Mamaev, even though legends and theories often claim the contrary. During the Second World War, the hill was marked on maps as ‘Height 102.0’ and became known as the Main Height of Russia. It was viciously fought over due to the strategic position it held and changed hands many times, its capture by Soviet forces on 2 February 1943 finally ended the Battle of Stalingrad. Upon the end of the battle, Mamaev Kurgan had been ploughed up by bombs and its soil mixed with shrapnel and corpses. It is impossible to know the exact figure but according to estimates, at least 34,000 soldiers are buried there. Now it is the location of the Mamaev Kurgan Historical-Memorial Complex to Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad and is certainly Volgograd’s main sight and probably even one of the most impressive sights in Russia.

The main focus of the complex is undoubtedly the Mother-Russia Calls Statue at the summit of the hill. The statue depicts an emotional Mother-Russia shouting and stepping forward whilst wielding a giant sword. The spectacular monument is of course the centre piece of the memorial complex, but there are many other monuments on the way through the complex worth seeing.


Remembrance of Generations Monument

Outside the complex is the first monument — the Remembrance of Generations monument — which is a giant stone relief depicting a line of people mourning and carrying wreaths and banners in remembrance of those who fell. Next to this are the ten-metre wide steps, 200 hundred of them to represent each day of the battle. These steps leads to the Alley of Poplar Trees. From here you can enjoy great views of Mother-Russia surrounded by the beautiful poplar trees.


Standing to the Death Statue

Further up in the complex you reach Standing to the Death Square which is marked by the Standing to the Death Statue which depicts a perfect Soviet soldier, bare-chested, holding a machine gun and about to throw a grenade. The statue symbolised the most difficult period of the battle and the heroism of the Soviet soldiers who faced a ferocious enemy. It stand at 16.5 metres, but is of course dwarfed by Mother-Russia in the background.


Ruined Walls Monument

From Standing to the Death Square you pass up stairs surrounded by the Ruined Walls monument. The giant 46 metre-high walls are ruined to show the destruction of the battle. On them there are many reliefs showing stages of the battle. Stirring Soviet war songs are played on speakers as you pass between the walls to Heroes Square.


Heroes Square

Heroes Square is marked by a pool which represents the river Volga and water as a source of life in general. The pool is surrounded by six six-metre high statues of various soldiers and their heroic deeds. Again this part of the complex offers amazing views of Mother-Russia especially when she is reflected in the still water of the pool.

On the other side of Heroes Square is the Monumental Relief, which shows the celebration and jubilation upon the defeat of Nazi Germany. Within the wall, a time capsule has been place to be opened on 9 May 2045 — 100 years since the end of the Second World War.


Hall of Military Glory

From Heroes Square, you walk through a passage in the relief into the Hall of Military Glory up to the upper part of the complex. The hall is, as expected, spectacular and its walls are marked with the names of over 7,000 soldiers who fell at the Battle of Stalingrad. In the centre of the hall there is a giant hand reaching out from the ground holding a burning torch which is eternally lit. The monument is surrounded by wreathes and soldiers on guard. Soldiers who have been relieved of duty slowly goosestep their way out of the hall along the path along the edge of the walls out of the hall.


Mourning Square

Upon leaving the hall you reach Mourning Square and are immediately greeted with an enormous statue of a weeping mother mourning her dead son in her arms. Behind the statue stands the golden domed All-Saints Cathedral which was added to the complex in 2002.


Mother-Russia Calls Monument

Finally you reach the base of one of the world’s best statues which deserves to be as iconic and New York’s Statue of Liberty or Rio De Janeiro’s Christ the Redeemer Statue — yet is not that well-known outside the former Soviet Union. But when Mother-Russia is towering above you, you realise how incredible and awe-inspiring the statue is. Particularly effective is the expression on Mother-Russia’s face — a demonstration of real fury as she is calling her subjects to war and the desperation of the situation which the country faced at the time.

The statue of Mother-Russia herself alone stands at 52 metres and weighs over 8,000 tonnes, if you include the 33 metre-long sword, the statue’s overall height is 85 metres. As a comparison, the Statue of Liberty in New York is 43 metres on a 47-metre pedestal and the Christ the Redeemer Statue in Rio de Janeiro is a mere 30 metres high. Add to this the 102 metres of the hill itself and you have a truly impressive monument, which is a fitting tribute to the heroes who suffered and lost their lives in this awful battle.

The statue was unveiled in 1967 and is the work of sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich and structural engineer Nikolai Nikitin. It is said that the sculptor was partly inspired by the Winged Victory of Samothrace and there is certainly some similarity between the statues. During the construction 5,500 tonnes of concrete and 2,400 tonnes of metal structures were used. There is even an urban myth that one of the workers got lost inside the statue during its construction, never to be found again.

The statue represents part of a trilogy of statues by sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich. The first is the ‘Homefront to the Motherland’ statue in Magnitogorsk and depicts worker constructing a huge sword, the Volgograd statue represents the second in the series as Mother-Russia has lifted the sword calling Russians to war and the third and final statue is the Soldier-Liberator in Berlin’s Soviet War Memorial in Treptower Park, who has finally lowered the sword upon defeating the enemy.


Mamayev Kurgan with The Motherland Calls statue

Mamayev Kurgan (Russian: Мама́ев курга́н) is a dominant height overlooking the city of Volgograd (formerly Stalingrad) in Southern Russia. The name in Russian means «tumulus of Mamai».[1]
The formation is dominated by a memorial complex commemorating the Battle of Stalingrad (August 1942 to February 1943). The battle, a hard-fought Soviet victory over Axis forces on the Eastern Front of World War II, turned into one of the bloodiest battles in human history.[2] At the time of its installation in 1967 the statue, named The Motherland Calls, formed the largest free-standing sculpture in the world.[3]

Battle[edit]

Commemorative coin

When forces of the German Sixth Army launched their attack against the city centre of Stalingrad on 13 September 1942, Mamayev Kurgan (appearing in military maps as «Height 102.0») saw particularly fierce fighting between the German attackers and the defending soldiers of the Soviet 62nd Army. Control of the hill became vitally important, as it offered control over the city. To defend it, the Soviets had built strong defensive lines on the slopes of the hill, composed of trenches, barbed-wire and minefields. The Germans pushed forward against the hill, taking heavy casualties. When they finally captured the hill, they started firing on the city centre, as well as on the city’s main railway station under the hill. They captured the Volgograd railway station on 14 September 1942.

On the same day, the Soviet 13th Guards Rifle Division commanded by Alexander Rodimtsev arrived in the city from the east side of the river Volga under heavy German artillery fire. The division’s 10,000 men immediately rushed into the battle. On 16 September they recaptured Mamayev Kurgan[4] and kept fighting for the railway station, taking heavy losses. By the following day, almost all of them had died. The Soviets kept reinforcing their units in the city as fast as they could. The Germans assaulted up to twelve times a day, and the Soviets would respond with fierce counter-attacks.

The hill changed hands several times. By September 27, the Germans again captured half of Mamayev Kurgan.[5] The Soviets held their own positions on the slopes of the hill, as the 284th Rifle Division defended the key stronghold. The defenders held out until January 26 1943, when the counterattacking Soviet forces relieved them. The battle of the city ended one week later with an utter German defeat.

When the battle ended, the soil on the hill had been so thoroughly churned by shellfire and mixed with metal fragments that it contained between 500 and 1,250 splinters of metal per square meter. The earth on the hill had remained black in the winter, as the snow kept melting in the many fires and explosions. In the following spring the hill would still remain black, as no grass grew on its scorched soil. The hill’s formerly steep slopes had become flattened in months of intense shelling and bombardment. Even today, it is possible to find fragments of bone and metal still buried deep throughout the hill.

Memorial complex[edit]

Eternal Flame

After the war, the Soviet authorities commissioned the enormous Mamayev Kurgan memorial complex. Vasily Chuikov, who led Soviet forces at Stalingrad, lies buried at Mamayev Kurgan, the only Marshal of the Soviet Union to be buried outside Moscow. Among the 34,505 soldiers who were defenders of Stalingrad buried there, sniper Vasily Zaytsev was also reburied there in 2006.

The monumental memorial was constructed between 1959 and 1967, and is crowned by a huge allegorical statue of the Motherland on the top of the hill. The monument, designed by Yevgeny Vuchetich, has the full name The Motherland Calls! (Russian: Родина-мать зовёт! Rodina Mat Zovyot!). It consists of a concrete sculpture, 52 meters tall, and 85 meters from the feet to the tip of the 27-meters sword, dominating the skyline of the city of Stalingrad (later renamed Volgograd).[6]

The construction uses concrete, except for the stainless-steel blade of the sword, and is held on its plinth solely by its own weight. The statue is evocative of classical Greek representations of Nike, in particular the flowing drapery, similar to that of the Nike of Samothrace.

Picture taken from the top of Mamayev Kurgan (at the base of the statue), looking down over the Volga river

See also[edit]

  • Museum of the Great Patriotic War, Kyiv
  • Mound of Glory

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mamai commanded the Tatar Golden Horde in the 1370s — no historical evidence exists of his burial on the site.
  2. ^ Roberts, Geoffrey (2006). Stalin’s Wars. Yale University Press. p. 154. ISBN 978-0-300-11204-7.
  3. ^
    Antill, Peter (2007) Stalingrad 1942, Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84603-028-5.
  4. ^ Zhukov, Georgy (1974). Marshal of Victory, Volume II. Pen and Sword Books Ltd. p. 98. ISBN 9781781592915.
  5. ^ Adam, Wilhelm; Ruhle, Otto (2015). With Paulus at Stalingrad. Translated by Tony Le Tissier. Pen and Sword Books Ltd. pp. 67–68. ISBN 9781473833869.
  6. ^ «Volgograd Residents Oppose Renaming City to Stalingrad – Russian State Poll». Moscow Times. 2 February 2023. Retrieved 17 March 2023.

External links[edit]

  • Mamayev Hill museum in Volgograd, official homepage (in Russian, English, German).
  • Gigapixel panoramas, created on 9 May 2005 for Google Earth, 60 years after the end of the war in Russia
  • Iconicarchive photo gallery
  • Satellite photo at Google Maps

48°44′33″N 44°32′13″E / 48.74250°N 44.53694°E


Motherland Calls
!» The statue towers over the countryside at 52 meters. The hill on which stands a monument to Motherland, bulk-its height is about meters. Height Motherland considering the sword is 85 meters, and sculpture is one of the tallest statues in the world. Both sides to the top of

Mamaev Kurgan

are several tracks, one of which is from the area of the Tribulation. Along the path, there are several tombstones — with the name of those who gave their lives in the battles of Stalingrad. There is also the tomb of the unknown soldier. 

the motherland calls; volgograd statue; for the motherland; the motherland calls statue; the motherland monument; russian statue; motherland calls statue; statue with sword; soviet statue; motherland monument; russian monument; russian sculpture; stalingrad memorial; russian motherland; statue in russia; rodina mat zovyot; the motherland calls statues; monument of russia;

The Motherland Calls

Motherland Calls Statue — Motherland Calls is the centre for constructing the monument-collections «Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad» at Mamayev Kurgan in Volgograd, Russia. It was designed by sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich and architect Nikolai Nikitin, and announced the world’s tallest statue in 1967.

Stalingrad Memorial — Just a mound under the statue in Russia «The Motherland Calls» whose reward was to be 34,505 soldiers buried right here — the defenders of Stalingrad. On the top of the hill at the foot of Mother Motherland is a winding path along which the 35 granite tombstones heroes of the Soviet Union, members of the Stalingrad Battle. The foot of the mound to its tip serpentine consists of precisely 200 granite steps height of 15 cm. Around the monument, there is always a lot of rumours and gossip. Perhaps the most pressing issue was the mystery of the prototype of the world-famous sculpture Yevgeny Vuchetich. Some believe that Vuchetich sculpted the body figure to discus thrower  Nina Dumbadzeand a face from his wife, Vera. The prototype of the prominent figures of Mamayev Kurgan was Valentina Izotova — waitress (Rodina Mat Zovyot) of city restaurant «Volgograd,» she was 26 years old.

The Motherland calls statue

Russian statue — Sculpture «The Motherland Calls» Volgograd is mounted on a pedestal height of two meters, which rests on a foundation hidden underground. Construction of the Russian monument » The Motherland Calls» on Mamayev Kurgan Hill went step by step using unique technology. The Russian sculpture inside is supported not only rigid frame but hundreds of strong ropes that keep the frame to bend under the weight of concrete. The monument stands on a 16-meter foundation. 

First Image Credit © Vadim Burkovsky

the motherland calls; volgograd statue; for the motherland; the motherland calls statue; the motherland monument; russian statue; motherland calls statue; statue with sword; soviet statue; motherland monument; russian monument; russian sculpture; stalingrad memorial; russian motherland; statue in russia; rodina mat zovyot; the motherland calls statues; monument of russia;

The Motherland Calls Statue

The Motherland Monument — During the design of the sculpture «The Motherland Calls,» Volgograd statue constantly had to make changes to the construction plan. Little know that initially, The Motherland statue had to look differently: the original draft suggested the existence of 2 figures (and a kneeling woman soldier). In his hand, Motherland had not held a sword and a red banner. Not found it necessary to Vucetich and sumptuously decorated pedestal of the mother and the stairs, so initially in the project, were replaced path, like a ribbon that encircled the Russian Motherland.

Statue with Sword — Dimensions sculptures have also been changed — The original 36 meters «grown-up» to 52 meters. And finally, the construction began in May 1959. The opening of the Volgograd monument occurred on the 15th of October 1967. Its height — 52 meters, the length of her arms outstretched, ups — 20 meters, the size of the sword — 33 meters. Overall height sculptures — 85 meters. Weight monument without foundations — about 8000 tons.

the motherland calls; volgograd statue; for the motherland; the motherland calls statue; the motherland monument; russian statue; motherland calls statue; statue with sword; soviet statue; motherland monument; russian monument; russian sculpture; stalingrad memorial; russian motherland; statue in russia; rodina mat zovyot; the motherland calls statues; monument of russia;

Soviet Statue — Sword of the Motherland was initially made of stainless steel, titanium lined with leaves. In 1972 replaced the blade, which still has too high a wind-age and was strongly swayed by the wind. Threatening structural strength. New sword made from fluoridated steel with holes in the top of the blade.

Motherland Monument — Motherland on Mamev Hill presented in the form of mothers convening their heroes to defend the homeland. Sharp lines of the figure, messy hair in the wind, her eyes wide and mouth woman, hand-stretched out over the city — all this creates a feeling of power and voltage, the atmosphere of anxiety and movement.

the motherland calls,  the motherland calls statue,  the motherland calls statues,  motherland calls,  volgograd statue,  motherland calls statue,  mother russia statue,  where is the motherland located,  rodina mat volgograd,  the motherland statue,  volgograd monument,  motherland statue,  the motherland,  stalingrad statue,  russia motherland, 	 statue stalingrad,  russian motherland,  mamayev kurgan statue,  motherland russia,  where is the motherland,  for the motherland,  volgograd russia,  stalingrad memorial,  for the motherland in russian,  volgograd mamayev kurgan,  volgograd location,  motherland in russian,


Image Credit IREX


The Motherland Calls Statues
— In a sharp, swift rush, a woman stood on the mound. With sword in hand, she encourages her son to defend the Fatherland. Her right foot slightly back, torso and head vigorously deployed to the left. Face stern and resolute. Frown, wide open screaming mouth, fanned by wind gusts short hair, strong hands, body shape fitting long dress, fanned by wind gusts ends handkerchief — all this creates a feeling of strength, expression and irresistible striving froward. 

Monument of Russia — In the background of the sky, it is like a bird soaring in the sky. Mother Motherland sculpture looks excellent on all sides of the year: In the summer, when the mound is covered with a continuous grass carpet, and a winter evening — bright, lit by the rays of searchlights. Majestic stature, speaking on the background of dark blue sky as if it grows out of the mound, merging it with the snow cover.

the motherland calls,  the motherland calls statue,  the motherland calls statues,  motherland calls,  volgograd statue,  motherland calls statue,  mother russia statue,  where is the motherland located,  rodina mat volgograd,  the motherland statue,  volgograd monument,  motherland statue,  the motherland,  stalingrad statue,  russia motherland, 	 statue stalingrad,  russian motherland,  mamayev kurgan statue,  motherland russia,  where is the motherland,  for the motherland,  volgograd russia,  stalingrad memorial,  for the motherland in russian,  volgograd mamayev kurgan,  volgograd location,  motherland in russian,

the motherland calls,  the motherland calls statue,  the motherland calls statues,  motherland calls,  volgograd statue,  motherland calls statue,  mother russia statue,  where is the motherland located,  rodina mat volgograd,  the motherland statue,  volgograd monument,  motherland statue,  the motherland,  stalingrad statue,  russia motherland, 	 statue stalingrad,  russian motherland,  mamayev kurgan statue,  motherland russia,  where is the motherland,  for the motherland,  volgograd russia,  stalingrad memorial,  for the motherland in russian,  volgograd mamayev kurgan,  volgograd location,  motherland in russian,

the motherland calls,  the motherland calls statue,  the motherland calls statues,  motherland calls,  volgograd statue,  motherland calls statue,  mother russia statue,  where is the motherland located,  rodina mat volgograd,  the motherland statue,  volgograd monument,  motherland statue,  the motherland,  stalingrad statue,  russia motherland, 	 statue stalingrad,  russian motherland,  mamayev kurgan statue,  motherland russia,  where is the motherland,  for the motherland,  volgograd russia,  stalingrad memorial,  for the motherland in russian,  volgograd mamayev kurgan,  volgograd location,  motherland in russian,

the motherland calls,  the motherland calls statue,  the motherland calls statues,  motherland calls,  volgograd statue,  motherland calls statue,  mother russia statue,  where is the motherland located,  rodina mat volgograd,  the motherland statue,  volgograd monument,  motherland statue,  the motherland,  stalingrad statue,  russia motherland, 	 statue stalingrad,  russian motherland,  mamayev kurgan statue,  motherland russia,  where is the motherland,  for the motherland,  volgograd russia,  stalingrad memorial,  for the motherland in russian,  volgograd mamayev kurgan,  volgograd location,  motherland in russian,

From the foot of Mother Motherland, extensive views of all the elements of the ensemble, the city, the Vogoa, Zavolzhe. Motherland is visible within the Mamaev Kugan — It dominates the whole town, and it is visible from ten kilometers. 

the motherland calls,  the motherland calls statue,  the motherland calls statues,  motherland calls,  volgograd statue,  motherland calls statue,  mother russia statue,  where is the motherland located,  rodina mat volgograd,  the motherland statue,  volgograd monument,  motherland statue,  the motherland,  stalingrad statue,  russia motherland, 	 statue stalingrad,  russian motherland,  mamayev kurgan statue,  motherland russia,  where is the motherland,  for the motherland,  volgograd russia,  stalingrad memorial,  for the motherland in russian,  volgograd mamayev kurgan,  volgograd location,  motherland in russian,

the motherland calls,  the motherland calls statue,  the motherland calls statues,  motherland calls,  volgograd statue,  motherland calls statue,  mother russia statue,  where is the motherland located,  rodina mat volgograd,  the motherland statue,  volgograd monument,  motherland statue,  the motherland,  stalingrad statue,  russia motherland, 	 statue stalingrad,  russian motherland,  mamayev kurgan statue,  motherland russia,  where is the motherland,  for the motherland,  volgograd russia,  stalingrad memorial,  for the motherland in russian,  volgograd mamayev kurgan,  volgograd location,  motherland in russian,

the motherland calls,  the motherland calls statue,  the motherland calls statues,  motherland calls,  volgograd statue,  motherland calls statue,  mother russia statue,  where is the motherland located,  rodina mat volgograd,  the motherland statue,  volgograd monument,  motherland statue,  the motherland,  stalingrad statue,  russia motherland, 	 statue stalingrad,  russian motherland,  mamayev kurgan statue,  motherland russia,  where is the motherland,  for the motherland,  volgograd russia,  stalingrad memorial,  for the motherland in russian,  volgograd mamayev kurgan,  volgograd location,  motherland in russian,

the motherland calls,  the motherland calls statue,  the motherland calls statues,  motherland calls,  volgograd statue,  motherland calls statue,  mother russia statue,  where is the motherland located,  rodina mat volgograd,  the motherland statue,  volgograd monument,  motherland statue,  the motherland,  stalingrad statue,  russia motherland, 	 statue stalingrad,  russian motherland,  mamayev kurgan statue,  motherland russia,  where is the motherland,  for the motherland,  volgograd russia,  stalingrad memorial,  for the motherland in russian,  volgograd mamayev kurgan,  volgograd location,  motherland in russian,

«To Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad» 

The Motherland Calls | Map

The Motherland Calls | Mamaev Kurgan in Volgograd, Russia — Video

the motherland calls; volgograd statue; for the motherland; the motherland calls statue; the motherland monument; russian statue; motherland calls statue; statue with sword; soviet statue; motherland monument; russian monument; russian sculpture; stalingrad memorial; russian motherland; statue in russia; rodina mat zovyot; the motherland calls statues; monument of russia;

Today, more than two million visitors from all over the world come here to remember those who fought and lost their lives. A 72-year-old grandmother was the model for Russia’s most famous Soviet war memorial, Rodina Mat (Motherland Mother). For nearly forty years, she kept silent about her part in its artistic creation.

Image Credit: Shutterstock

Mamayev Hill or “Mamayev Kurgan” in Volgograd (formerly Stalingrad) in Russia is a memorial complex dedicated to the Battle of Stalingrad.

History of Mamayev Hill

The Battle of Stalingrad (1942-3) is still widely viewed as one of the most important- and bloodiest – battles in the Second World War. It marked a defining moment in the war on the Eastern Front as the Russians defeated German forces, thwarting their attempts to capture the strategically important city of Stalingrad. Many acknowledge this victory as the moment the tide turned for the fortunes of Nazi Germany, starting a chain of events which would lead to the downfall of the Axis powers.

Stalingrad also marked one of the bloodiest battles in history: it’s estimated there were over 2 million casualties, and high German losses led to redistribution of their forces. Despite their victory, Russian forces lost more men than the Germans, with at least 1 million deaths. However, a higher population and bigger army meant that this huge loss of life proved less problematic to their war effort proportionally than the losses suffered by Germany.

Mamayev Hill in Volgograd was a vital stronghold during the battle. Known in military circles as Height 103.0, having control of Mamayev Hill was seen as controlling the city. The hill saw immense amounts of action – the ground was completely churned, the soil scorched and the topography changed. Fragments of metal and bone are still present today – it doesn’t take much to find them.

Today, Mamayev Hill is dominated by a dramatic 300-foot statue entitled “The Motherland Calls”. At the time of its creation, this dramatic depiction of a woman wielding a sword was the tallest statue in the world. Some news reports have now said that this statue is in danger of collapsing.

Several other sculptures dot the Mamayev Hill memorial complex, which includes a military cemetery housing the graves of over 600 soldiers (109 of whom are identified).

Mamayev Hill today

Mamayev Hill is an impressive memorial complex today. The 200 stair climb to the top of the hill is steep but worth it for the views over the city and the river Volga. ‘The Motherland Calls’ is nicknamed Mama by locals, and is generally seen as a symbol of Russian resoluteness and defiance in the face of any threats to their homeland.

Go expecting to spend half a day on the hill and exploring the surrounding monuments and memorials.

Getting to Mamayev Hill

Mamayev Hill is the far side of the River Volga to the main city of Volgograd. Cross the river via the main bridge, and turn right up Prospekt Imeni v. I. Lenina. Alternatively, the tram stop Mamaev Kurgan is at the foot of the hill.

Mamayev kurgan used to be a nameless hill marked on military-topographic maps as a height — 102,0. This hill was the main link in the general system of defence of Stalingrad front. This place became key position in the battle of Stalingrad. Soviet and German troops fought a fierce battle on its slops at the end of the 1942 year.

The idea of creation of a monument on Mamayev kurgan in Stalingrad was occurred to a sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich when he was making a Soviet War Memorial in Berlin’s Treptower Park.

The enormous scale and complexity of the composition of the monument required a lot of time for its realization. The project was changed even during a process of construction. Originally the main monument of the complex consisted of two figures: the first one was a Motherland sculpture with the Victory flag in the right hand and a sheaf of ears held to the body in the left hand. The second figure was a soldier with a submachine gun in his hand, knelt down and kissing the ears. It was planned to include a panorama of the battle of Stalingrad into Mamayev kurgan complex.

The ceremonial laying of the foundation stone of the Monument of Glory (it was the first name of Mamayev kurgan complex) took place on February, 2nd, in 1958, on day of the 15th anniversary of the victory in the battle of Stalingrad. The main construction work started in May in 1959, and official opening ceremony  took place on October, 15th, 1967. This day the Eternal flame was set on fire in the Hall of Valour. The flame was delivered from a monument «Memory of Generations», from the Fallen Fighters Square by Vasily Yefremov, Twice Hero of the Soviet Union, a pilot battled in Stalingrad. The Eternal flame was lit  in the Hall of Valour by Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Nowadays the Memorial complex is the most visited in Russia. It works without days off, all year long with free admission.

Понравилась статья? Поделить с друзьями:
  • Школьный день леи ответь на вопросы немецкий язык 5 класс ответы
  • Слова на тему самолет на немецком
  • Мне сказали что ты мне звонил на английском
  • Скачать песню как говорит лиса на английском языке
  • Быстрый бальный танец французского происхождения 5 букв