Перевод из прямой речи в косвенную в английском языке упражнения

Сегодня выполняем упражнения на прямую и косвенную речь в английском языке. Вначале предлагаю Вам повторить правила прямая и косвенная речь в английском языке. Надеюсь, вы готовы и мы можем приступить к выполнению упражнений.

В статье есть упражнения на употребление

  • Косвенной речи в утвердительных предложениях;
  • Косвенной речи в вопросительных предложениях;
  • Косвенной речи в побудительных предложениях;

Косвенная речь упражнения. Утвердительные предложения.

В данной главе выполним indirect speech exercises на перевод утвердительных предложений из прямой речи в косвенную.

Упражнение 1. Change the direct speech into reported speech. Переведите в косвенную речь.

Example “I work hard,” Jillian said.

— Jillian said that he worked hard.

  1. “I am planning to go to Kenya,” Sally said.
  2. “I take my little sister to school every day,” little Anthony said.
  3. “You may take my textbook,” Nonna said.
  4. “They are playing in the gym now,” Nick said.
  5. “I don’t like chocolate,” Mary said.
  6. “My sister is ready to go” Helen said.
  7. “My mother usually goes shopping on Saturday,” the girl said.
  8. “The birds build their nests among the trees,” the teacher said.
  9. “I am not married,” Jimmy said.
  10. “I can’t read these books. I don’t like them,” Petra said.

Упражнение 2. Change the direct speech into reported speech. Переведите в косвенную речь.

Example 1: I have already finished the test. -> He said he had already finished the test.

  1. We have gone on holiday.
  2. Nelly can’t write; she has cut her finger.
  3. The Ivanovs have travelled to many places.
  4. Sam has already learnt the poem.
  5. My sister has broken my pencil.
  6. My dad has never travelled by plane.
  7. Andrew has lost his keys.
  8. Jill has never slept in a tent.

Example 2:  The party finished late. —> He said (that) the party had finished late.

  1. They lived in a camp when they were on holiday.
  2. My brother got up early this morning.
  3. Li was a famous sportsman.
  4. The couple agreed to meet at six.
  5. Yesterday, I saw Mary in the street.
  6. Sammy arrived by train.
  7. Nicky went home early yesterday.
  8. The kids played tennis in the yard.

Example 3: I’ll meet them at school. —> He said he would meet them at school.

  1. The match will take place next week.
  2. This work will take little time.
  3. My parents will come at 3.
  4. Mike will do this exercise later.
  5. My friend won’t be able to come.
  6. They’ll build a new hotel here.
  7. It will rain tomorrow.
  8. Sandy won’t be able to come.
  9. We’ll have examinations next year.

Упражнение 3. Imagine that you met your friend and he told you something. Writе what he told you.

Example: I haven’t seen you for a long time.—> He told me that he hadn’t seen me for a long time.

  1. I was away from school because I was ill.
  2. I phoned you many times but you were out.
  3. Some of the schoolmates came to see me.
  4. I had a cold and stayed in bed.
  5. I watched TV.
  6. I’ll come to school next week.
  7. I’ll be better I hope.
  8. The doctor has given me many pills.

Упражнение 4. Перепишите предложения из косвенной речи в прямую.

Example: He said the meeting had finished. —> The meeting has finished.

  1. He said that his bus hadn’t come in time the day beforе.
  2. The boys said they would go to the football match.
  3. He said their team hadn’t won the last game.
  4. Molly said that she had gone to the library after school.
  5. Liz said that she would go home early.
  6. Wе said that we hadn’t made any plans yet.

Косвенная речь упражнения. Вопросительные предложения.

Переходим к упражнениям на отработку перевода вопросительных предложений из прямой речи в косвенную.

Упражнение 5. Imagine that you saw your doctor yesterday because you had a bad headache. Tell your partner what questions the doctor asked.

Example: Do you sleep well?

— The doctor asked me if I slept well.

  1. Is anything wrong with you?
  2. Do you sometimes have headaches?
  3. Are you taking any medicine now?
  4. Do you spend much time out- of-doors?
  5. Do you do sports?
  6. Have you a good appetite?
  7. Do you usually go to bed late?
  8. Will you follow my advice?

Упражнение 6. Imagine that a reporter from the local newspaper came to your school yesterday. Report his questions.

Еxample: How long have you studied at this school?

— He asked me how long I had studied at that school.

  1. What do you like about your school?
  2. What school activity did you have last?
  3. What good habits have you formed at school?
  4. What is your favorite subject?
  5. What is more important for you at school?
  6. How often do you go on school trips?
  7. What is your school record?

Упражнение 7. Report the questions.

Example: Are you glad to be back?

— He asked me if I was glad to be back.

  1. How are you?
  2. How long have you been away?
  3. Are you going away again?
  4. What will you do in future?
  5. Why did you come back?
  6. What are you doing now?
  7. Have you made new friends?
  8. Where are you living now?

Упражнение 8. Report the questions.

Example: Are you English?

— She asked him if he was English.

  1. Can Molly speak English?
  2. What impressed you most in England?
  3. When did Rick come home yesterday?
  4. Does Megan like travelling?
  5. Will you come to my place on Friday?
  6. Is it your second visit to England?
  7. Why have you come to scotland?
  8. Will Molly stay at the hotel long?

Упражнение 9. Write reported questions.

Example: “Who is he?” she asked.

— She asked who he was.

  1. “Why is she working so late?” he asked.
  2. “Is she British?” he asked.
  3. “What’s her name?” he asked.
  4. “What did she buy?” he asked.
  5. “Will you have something to eat?” she asked.
  6. “Have they got any money?” she asked.
  7. “How did you do that?” she asked.

Косвенная речь упражнения. Побудительные предложения.

Упражнение 10. Imagine that your mother gave you some instructions. Report them to your partner. Use the sentences below.

Example: Feed the cat.

She told me to feed the cat.

  1. Come home straight after school.
  2. Warm up your dinner.
  3. Wash up the dishes after the dinner.
  4. Buy bread, milk and sugar.
  5. Start doing your homework before I come.
  6. Take the dog for a walk.
  7. Clean your room.
  8. Wait for me at home.

Упражнение 11. Tell your partner what instructions you have got from different teachers today. Use the sentences below.

Don’t be late for the lesson.

— She told us not to be late for the lesson

  1. Don’t stay outside after the bell comes.
  2. Don’t run along the corridor.
  3. Don’t make noise.
  4. Don’t look into your neighbor’s exercise-book.
  5. Don’t lie on your desk.
  6. Don’t ask me silly questions.
  7. Don’t waste time at the lesson.
  8. Listen to me attentively.
  9. Write down the rule into your exercise-books.
  10. Get down to work.

Надеюсь, вы справились с этими упражнениями по теме Косвенная речь.

Понравилось? Сохраните на будущее и поделитесь с друзьями!

Вы изучили Reported Speech (правила для начинающих) и теперь приступаете к закреплению темы «Reported Speech». Упражнения разделены по разделам:

  1. Перевод предложений в косвенную речь в настоящем времени
  2. Перевод предложений в косвенную речь в прошедшем времени
  3. Перевод повелительных предложений.

Начнем с относительно простых упражнений на Reported Speech в настоящем времени. Вы будете переводить утвердительные и вопросительные предложения. Вспомните Правила 1-4.

Перевод предложений в косвенную речь в настоящем времени

Упражнение 1. Переведите утвердительные предложения в косвенную речь.

  1. «I am at home.» — He says that …
  2. «I have a dog.» — She says that …
  3. «We are from Russia.» — They say that …
  4. «I don’t drive a car.» — She says that …
  5. «I believe you.» — He says that …

* * *

Упражнение 2. Переведите вопросительные предложения в косвенную речь.

ask — спрашивать, wonder  — интересоваться

  1. «Why are you late?» — The teacher asks me …
  2. «Where is he from?» — The man asks him …
  3. «Why are you crying?» — Mother asks my sister …
  4. «How much cheese have you bought?» — Mother asks …
  5. «When did you go to Sochi?» — My friend wonders ….
  6. «How many kids have they got?» — My neighbour wonders …
  7. «What does she like doing?» — The teacher wonders …
  8. «Where will she go tomorrow?» — My Dad wonders …

* * *

Упражнение 3. Переведите вопросительные предложения в косвенную речь.

  1. «Can you speak French?» — My friend asks …
  2. «Was the trip interesting?» — Dad wonders …
  3. «Is there any food in the jug?» — The fox wonders …
  4. «Do you celebrate your birthday?» — My classmates ask …
  5. «Do they sell toys?» — The child asks …
  6. «Does he like coffee?» — She wonders …
  7. «Did she teach English at school?» — He asks …
  8. «Will he run in the park tomorrow?» — My friend asks ..

* * *

Repoted Speech. Упражнения на перевод предложений в косвенную речь в прошедшем  времени

Теперь переходим к более сложному уровню — переводу в косвенную речь предложений в прошедшем времени. Вы помните правило 5 на согласование времен? Прежде чем приступить к выполнению упражнений, рассмотрим, есть ли согласование времен в русском языке.

Итак, согласование времен в предложении – это подчинение времени придаточного предложения времени главному.

ПРИМЕРЫ согласования времен в английском языке

1.Не lives in New York. – Он живет в Нью Йорке.
I knew that he lived in New York. – Я знал, что он живет в Нью Йорке.

2.Mother is sleeping. – Мама спит.
I thought that mother was sleeping. – Я думал, что моя мама спит.

3.He bought a new car. – Он купил новую машину.
I heard that he had bought a new car. – Я слышал, что он купил новую машину.

Проанализируйте приведенные выше примеры и ответьте на вопрос:

Загрузка ... Загрузка …

Итак, согласование времен — это грамматическое явление, свойственное только английскому языку и правила согласования времен применяются  только, если главное предложение стоит в прошедшем времени. Но это бывает часто! Не забывайте о согласовании времен, выполняя упражнения на Reported Speech ниже.

Некоторые упражнения из этой статьи взяты из замечательного пособия Ю.В. Голицынского. Вы можете купить пособие — Английский язык. Грамматика. Сборник упражнений — Голицынский Ю.Б. | Купить книгу с доставкой | My-shop.ru

Reported Speech. Упражнения для начинающих
Упражнение 4. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на употребление времен в русском и английском языках.

  1. We did not know where our friends went every evening.
  2. We did not know where our friends had gone.
  3. She said that her best friend was a doctor.
  4. She said that her best friend had been a doctor.
  5. I didn’t know that you worked at the museum.
  6. I didn’t know that you had worked at the museum.
  7. I knew that you were ill.
  8. I knew that you had been ill.
  9. We found out that she left home at eight o’clock every morning.
  10. We found out that she had left home at eight o’clock that morning.

* * *

Перевод утвердительных предложений в косвенную речь (Reporting Statements)

Упражнение 5. Измените предложения по образцу, используя косвенную речь.

Образец:   It is a nice place to go. — He said (that) it was a nice place to go.

1. The fish is very good. 2. I’ll have a chicken. 3. The chicken is not properly cooked. 4. I’m very sorry. 5. I’ll get you another book. 6. We come here quite often. 7. I’ll never come here again. 8.I have seen this film. 9. We visited this place on Monday. 10. It was raining heavily all day yesterday.

* * *

Упражнение 6. Перепишите следующие предложения в прошед­шем времени. Примените правило 5, то есть согласуйте время главного и придаточного предложения.

  • Cyprus [‘saɪprəs] — Кипр

1. My uncle says that he has just come back from Cyprus. 2. He says that he has spent a fortnight (two weeks) in Cyprus. 3. He says that it did him a lot of good. 4. He says that he has got a good tan. 5. He says that his wife and he spent most of their time on the beach. 6. He says that they did a lot of sightseeing. 7. He says that he has a good camera. 8. He says that he took a lot of photos while travelling in Cyprus. 9. He says that he will come there again. 10. He says that he will bring and show us the photographs he took during his stay in Cyprus.

* * *

Упражнение 7. Перепишите следующие предложения в прошед­шем времени. Обратите внимание на зависимость времени придаточного дополнительного предложения от времени главного (взято из учебника Ю.В.Голицынского).

1. Mike says he is sure Ann and Kate will be excellent guides. 2. He says they have made good progress in English. 3. Oleg says that some English students will come to pay a visit to their school and he will probably have to act as an interpreter. 4. Ann says she has just met Boris in the street. 5. She says Boris told her a lot of interest­ing things about his travels in the South. 6. Nick says he is going to the hotel to see his friends, who have just arrived in St Petersburg from the United States of America. 7. He says they have not been in their beloved city for a long time. 8. He says they were friends at school. 9. He says he will take them to the theatre on Sunday. 10. They say they will write him a letter when they return home.

* * *

Упражнение 8. Употребите следующие предложения как прида­точные дополнительные, в роли главных используя предложения, данные в скобках. Сдвигайте времена в соответствии с правилом согласования времен (взято из учебника Ю.В.Голицынского).

  1. You will fall and break your leg. (I was afraid)
  2. My friend has never been to Washington. (I knew)
  3. She never drinks milk. (I was told)
  4. He is a very talented singer. (We were told)
  5. They live a happy life. (We knew)
  6. The children are playing in the yard. (She thought)
  7. Her friend will come to see her. (She hoped)
  8. Father has repaired his bicycle. (He thought)
  9. She knows English very well. (I supposed)
  10. Our sportsmen will win the game. (We were sure)
  11. He does not know German at all. (I found out)
  12. She made no mistakes in her dictation. (She was glad)
  13. He works on his English hard. (I knew)
  14. She dances better than anybody else. (I was told)
  15. My cousin has received a very interesting offer from his firm. (I learnt)

* * *

Упражнение 9. Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.

1. Oleg said, «My room is on the this floor.» 2. He said, «I am sure she will ring me up tomorrow.» 3. Michael said, «I saw them at my parents’ house last year.» 4. He said, “I haven’t seen my cousin today.» 5. She said, «I didn’t go shopping yesterday.» 6. Tom said, «I have already had breakfast here, so I am not hungry.» 7. He said, «I received a letter from him a week ago.» 8. «I am going to the theatre tonight,» he said to me. 9. Mike said, «I spoke to Mr Brown this morn­ing.» 10. I said to them, «Now I can give you her mobile number.»

* * *

Упражнение 10. Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи (взято из учебника Ю.В.Голицынского).

Используйте tell smb вместо said to smb

1.The woman said to her son, «I am glad I am here.» 2. Mike said, «We have bought these books today.» 3. The teacher said to me, «Now I can read your translation.» 4. «This man spoke to me on the road,» said the woman. 5. «I can’t explain this rule to you,» my classmate said to me. 6. The teacher said to the class, «We shall discuss this subject tomorrow.» 7. She said, «You will read this book in the 9th form.» 8. Nellie said, «I read ‘Jane Eyre’ last year.» 9. «My friend lives in Moscow,» said Alec. 10. «You have not done your work well,» the teach­er said to me.

* * *

Перевод вопросительных предложений в косвенную речь (Reporting Yes/No Questions & Reporting Special Questions)

Упражнение 11. Передайте следующие специальные вопросы в косвенной речи (взято из учебника Ю.В.Голицынского).

1.Mother said to me, «Who has brought this par­cel?» 2. He said to her, «Where do you usually spend your summer holidays?» 3. Ann said to Mike, «When did you leave London?» 4. She said to Boris, «When will you be back home?» 5. Boris said to them, «How can I get to the railway station?» 6. Mary asked Tom, «What time will you come here tomorrow?» 7. She asked me, «Why didn’t you come here yesterday?» 8. She asked me, «What will you do tomorrow if you are not busy at your office?» 9. I said to Nick, «Where are you going?» 10. I said to him, «How long are уou going to stay there?» 11.I said to him, «How long will it take you to get there?» 12. Pete said to his friends, «When are you leaving St. Petersburg? 13. He said to them, «Who will you see before you leave?» 14. They said to him, «What time does the train start?» 15. I asked Mike, «What will you do after dinner?» 16. I asked my uncle, «How long did you stay in the Crimea?» 17. Ada said to me,»Where did you see such trees?» 18. I said to Becky, «What kind of book has your friend brought you?»

* * *

Упражнение 12. Передайте следующие общие вопросы в косвенной речи (взято из учебника Ю.В.Голицынского).

1.I said to Mike, «Have you packed your bags?» 2. I said to Kate, «Did anybody meet you at the station? » 3. I said to her, «Can you give me their address?» 4. I asked Tom, «Have you had breakfast?» 5. I asked my sister, «Will you stay at home or go for a walk after dinner? » 6. I said to my mother, «Did anybody come to see me?» 7. I asked my sister, «Will Nick call for you on the way to school? » 8. She said to the young man, «Can you call a taxi for me?» 9. Mary said to Peter, «Have you shown your photo to Dick?» 10. Oleg said to me, «Will you come here tomorrow?» 11. He said to us,»Did you go to the museum this morning?» 12. I said to Boris, «Does your friend live in London? «13. I said to the man, «Are you living in a hotel?» 14. Nick said to his friend, «Will you stay at home?» 15. He said to me,»Do you often go to see your friends? » 16. He said to me, «Will you see your friends before you leave St. Petersburg?» 17. Mike said to Jane, «Will you come to the railway station to see me off?» 18. She said to me, «Have you sent them a tele­gram? » 19. She said to me, «Did you send them a telegram yesterday?»

* * *

ПАМЯТКА. Перевод в косвенную речь ответов «Да. Нет» осуществляется с помощью вспомогательных глаголов.

ПРИМЕРЫ
He asked, «Are you going to London?» and she answered, «Yes». — He asked if she was going to London and she answered that she was.

He asked, «Are you meeting him soon?» and I answered, «No». — He asked if I was meeting him soon and I answered that I was not.

Упражнение 13. Переведите общие вопросы и ответы на них в косвенную речь.

  1. He asked, «Are you a secretary?» and she said, «Yes.»
  2. He asked, «Do you know the password for his computer?» and she said, «No.»
  3. He asked, «Were you in the office when Pete checked the computers?» and she said, «Yes.»
  4. He asked, «Has Jack ever changed anything on this computer?» and she said, «Yes.»
  5. He asked, «Did you tell Pete about it?» and she said, «No.»
  6. He asked, «Did you see his records? and she said, «No.»

* * *

Перевод повелительных предложений в косвенную речь (Reporting Commands)

Упражнение 14. Передайте следующие повелительные предложе­ния в косвенной речи.

1. The teacher said to me, «Hand this note to your parents, please.» 2. Oleg said to his sister, «Put the letter in an envelope and give it to Kate.» 3. «Let us help Henry with this work,» said Robert. 4. «Please bring me some fish soup,» he said to the waitress. 5. «Don’t worry over such a small thing,» she said to me. 6. «Please don’t mention it to anybody,» Mary said to her friend. 7. «Promise to come and see me,» said Jane to Alice. 8. He said, «Let us come here tomorrow».

* * *

Упражнение 15. Передайте следующие повелительные предложе­ния в косвенной речи.

  1. I said to Mike, «Send me a telegram as soon as you arrive.»
  2. Father said to me, «Don’t stay there long.»
  3. Peter said to them, «Don’t leave the room until I come back.»
  4. «Take my luggage to Room 145,» he said to the porter.
  5. He said to me, «Ring me up tomor­row.»
  6. «Let us have a cup of black coffee,» she said to me.
  7. «Don’t be late for dinner,» mother said to us.
  8. Jane said to us, «Please tell me all you know about it.»
  9. She said to Nick, «Please don’t say anything about it to your sister.»
  10. The teacher says, «Let us speak English.»

* * *

Упражнение 16. Передайте косвенные вопросы в прямой речи.

  1. Ask me if I have seen the new film.
  2. Ask me if I went to see my friend.
  3. Ask me if my son is making good progress in English.
  4. Ask about Mr.X. if he works in a newspaper office.
  5. Ask about Mr.X. if his son earns his own living himself.
  6. Ask about Mr.X. if he is single or married.
  7. Ask about Mrs.X. if she has got an electric cooker.
  8. Ask about Mr.X. if he is going abroad.

* * *

Упражнение 17. Передайте предложения в прямой речи.

  • Ask your friend not to talk.
  • Ask your friend not to ring her up now because it is too late.
  • Ask your friend to tell us about his trip to England.
  • Ask your friend not to speak too fast.
  • Ask him to speak in a low voice.

* * *

Упражнение 18 (заключительное). Передайте в косвенную речь диалог между Красной шапочкой и  волком.

The wolf, “What have you got in the basket?”

The girl, ”I have got a cake and some butter in it.”

The wolf, ”Where will you leave your basket?”

The girl, “I will leave it in my Granny’s house”

The wolf, ”Does your Granny live far from here?”

The girl, ”No, she doesn’t.”

The wolf, “Who has made such a nice red cap for you?”

The girl,  “My Granny has. She made it last summer.”

The wolf, “Don’t hurry, Little Red Riding Hood (Красная шапочка)! Gather some flowers.”

* * *

Reported Speech. Упражнения на согласование времен (Sequence of Tenses)

Упражнение 19. Переведите на английский язык.

1. Я не знал, что вы заняты. 2. Он сказал, что знает три иностранных языка. 3. Он сказал вам, когда вернется? 4. Он ска­зал вам, что будет очень занят сегодня? 5. Он спросил нас, сколько времени у нас обычно уходит на то, чтобы добраться до работы. 6. Я уверен, что вы скоро будете здоровы. 7. Он сказал, что не смо­жет сделать эту работу, так как у него нет времени. 8. Он сказал, что никогда не был в Париже. 9. Я слышал, что вы уезжаете из Москвы. 10. Он ответил, что освободится, как только закончит переводить статью.

* * *

Упражнение 20. Переведите на английский язык.

  1. Мы надеялись, что Сергей примет участие в конференции, если он приедет вовремя. 2. Ольга сказала, что пока я не куплю словарь, я могу пользоваться ее словарем. 3. Олег нам написал, что когда он вернется из армии, он, вероятно, будет работать в школе. 4. Мы не знали, что она отказалась от работы. 5. Он не знал, что ему придется так долго ждать. 6. Доктор сказал, что я должен побыть дома несколько дней. 7. Мы не знали, что девушка, которая приходила к тебе, актриса. 8. Он сказал, что его брат пробудет Москве еще два дня. 9. Я уверена, что она все приготовила. 10. Все знали, что она все еще будет работать в 5 часов.

Вы закончили изучение темы «Reported Speech» на уровне 1 — для начинающих изучать эту непростую тему. 20 упражений помогли вам закрепить основные правила перевода разных видов упражнений из прямой речи в косвенную. 

Вы можете переходить к изучению другой темы или совершенствоваться далее. Всем успехов!

ОТВЕТЫ

Здравствуйте! Для получения доступа к ответам необходимо оформить подписку. Ссылка в боковом меню — ОТВЕТЫ.

1. Превратите следующие предложения в косвенную речь, сделав все необходимые изменения.

Н-р:   Jack said: “ I  am working hard.” (Джэк сказал: «Я много работаю.») – Jack said (that) he was working hard. (Джэк сказал, что много работает.)

I told her: “You can join us.” (Я сказал ей: «Ты можешь присоединиться к нам.») – I told her (that) she could join us.” (Я сказал ей, что она может присоединиться к нам.)

  1. Fred said: “I have invented a new computer program”. (Фрэд сказал: «Я изобрел новую компьютерную программу.»)
  2. Mary said: “I will help my sister.” (Мэри сказала: «Я помогу своей сестре.»)
  3. They told me: “We were really happy.” (Они сказали мне: «Мы были очень  счастливы.»)
  4. She said: “I live in a big apartment.” (Она сказала: «Я живу в большой квартире.»)
  5. He told her: “I am going to the fish market.” (Он сказал ей: «Я собираюсь на рыбный рынок.»)
  6. Betty said: “I found my passport.” (Бетти сказала: «Я нашла свой паспорт.»)
  7. Mr. Ford said: “I don’t like pork.” (М-р Форд сказал: «Я не люблю свинину.»)
  8. Little Tim told his mother: “I am sleepy.” (Маленький Тим сказал маме: «Я хочу спать.»)

reported

2. Преобразуйте следующие просьбы и советы в косвенную речь.

Н-р:  The doctor said: “Please take a deep breath, Ann.”(Доктор сказал: «Пожалуйста, сделай глубокий вздох, Аня.») – The doctor asked Ann to take a deep breath. (Доктор попросил Аню сделать глубокий вздох.)

Sara: “Don’t forget to buy some juice.” (Сара: «Не забудь купить немного сока.») – Sara reminded not to forget to buy some juice. (Сара напомнила не забыть купить немного сока.)

She said: “You should stop smoking so much, Mark.” (Она сказала: «Тебе следует прекратить так много курить, Марк.» — She advised Mark to stop smoking so much. (Она посоветовала Марку прекратить так много курить.)

  1. The policeman said: “Keep the silence, please.” (Полицейский сказал: «Соблюдайте тишину, пожалуйста.») – The policeman asked ……
  2. Mother said: “Kids, you should wash your hands before lunch.” (Мама сказала: «Дети, нужно помыть руки перед обедом.») – Mother advised ……
  3. The dentist told me: “Don’t eat nuts anymore.” (Дантист сказал мне: «Больше не ешь орехи.») – The dentist warned ……
  4. Tom : “Could you lend me 20 dollars, please?” (Том: «Ты не мог бы одолжить мне 20 долларов?») – Tom asked ……
  5. Mr. Walters told his sons: “You must stay away from the lake.” (М-р Уолтерс сказал сыновьям: «Вы должны держаться подальше от озера.») – Mr. Walters warned ……
  6. John said: “You should see a lawyer, Ted.” (Джон сказал: «Тебе следует посетить адвоката.») – John advised ……
  7. The teacher told the students: “Don’t talk during the test.” (Учитель сказал студентам: «Не разговаривайте во время контрольной.») – The teacher warned ……
  8. The judge said: “Mr. Brown, you must pay a big fine.” (Судья сказал: «М-р Браун, вы обязаны заплатить большой штраф.») – The judge ordered ……

3. Измените вопросы на косвенную речь.

Н-р:   “Where does your niece live?”(«Где живет твоя племянница?») – He wanted to know where the niece lived. (Он хотел знать, где живет племянница.)

Can you type?” («Ты умеешь печатать?») – The manager asked if I could type. (Менеджер спросил, могу ли я печатать.)

  1. “Where has Jim gone?” («Куда ушел Джим?») – Maria wanted to know ……
  2. “What did the workers eat?” («Что ели рабочие?») – They asked ……
  3. «Have you ever been to China, Sam?” («Ты когда-нибудь был в Китае, Сэм?») – I asked ……
  4. “Are you French or Italian?” («Вы француз или итальянец?») – She wanted to know ……
  5. “When will the next train arrive?” («Когда прибудет следующий поезд?») – I asked ……
  6. “Do you grow flowers in your garden, Mrs. Smith?” («Вы выращиваете цветы в своем саду, миссис Смит?») – She wondered ……

4. Теперь, наоборот, измените косвенную речь на прямую.

Н-р:   Peter asked me if I was free. (Питер спросил меня, свободен ли я.) – Peter asked: “Are you free?”

She wanted to know where I had bought the dictionary. (Она хотела узнать, где я купила словарь.) – She asked: “Where did you buy the dictionary?”

  1. I asked him why he was tired. (Я спросил его, почему он устал.)
  2. We wanted to know if Kate had broken the car. (Мы хотели узнать, сломала ли Кейт машину.)
  3. He asked if they could meet on Tuesday. (Он спросил, могут ли они встретиться во вторник.)
  4. I wondered how often she used the washing-machine. (Я поинтересовалась, как часто она пользуется стиральной машиной.)
  5. Mother wanted to know if we would invite Kevin to the party. (Мама хотела знать, пригласим ли мы Кевина на вечеринку.)

Ответы:    

1.                                                   

  1. Fred said (that) he had invented a new computer program.
  2. Mary said (that) she would help her sister.
  3. They told me (that) they had been really happy.
  4. She said (that) she lived in a big apartment.
  5. He told her (that) he was going to the fish market.
  6. Betty said (that) she had found her passport.
  7. Mr. Ford said (that) he didn’t like pork.
  8. Little Tim told his mother (that) he was sleepy.

2.

  1. The policeman asked to keep the silence.
  2. Mother advised the kids to wash their hands before lunch.
  3. The dentist warned me not to eat nuts anymore.
  4. Tom asked to lend him 20 dollars.
  5. Mr. Walters warned his sons to stay away from the lake.
  6. John advised Ted to see a lawyer.
  7. The teacher warned the students not to talk during the test.
  8. The judge ordered Mr. Brown to pay a big fine.

3.

  1. Maria wanted to know where Jim had gone.
  2. They asked what the workers had eaten.
  3. I asked Sam if he had ever been to China.
  4. She wanted to know if he was French or Italian.
  5. I asked when the next train would arrive.
  6. She wondered if Mrs. Smith grew flowers in her garden.

4.

  1. I asked: “Why are you tired?”
  2. We asked: “Have you broken the car, Kate?”
  3. He asked: “Can we/they meet on Tuesday?”
  4. I asked: “How often do you use the washing-machine?”
  5. Mother asked: “Will you invite Kevin to the party?”

Упражнения «Косвенная речь» (с ответами)4.7 out of
5
based on
472 votes

Прямая и косвенная речь. Согласование времен

Тест 1

Выберите правильный вариант.

1. She said that she______keen on drawing.

a) was                              c) has been

b) is                                 d) were

2.1______her that I______time to play the piano.

a) told, have no                 c) told, did not have

b) tells, did not have           d) told to, had not have

3. Jane answered that she______very early, so she______ the news.

a) went to bed, hadn’t seen

b) had gone to bed, hadn’t seen

c) has gone to bed, hasn’t seen

d) had gone to bed, didn’t see

4.  Mary told me that she______to leave for London the next week.

a) is going                        c) were going

b) has gone                       d) was going

5.1 replied that I _____ her when I______back.

a) will phone, got             c) will have phoned, will have come

b) would phone, got         d) is to phone, get

6. Mary said that Paris______beautiful in spring.

a) is                                 c) was

b) has been                       d) were

7. The teacher______a report on the Civil War.

a) told Jane to make           c) told Jane make

b) tell to Jane to make        d) told to Jane to make

8. Jane______worry about her health.

a) ask to me not to             c) asked me not to

b) asked to not                  d) asked not

9.1 said that I______if I______time.

a) will go, have                  c) would go, have had

b) would go, had               d) will go, had

10.  Mary answered that she______wake up early in the morning when she was young.

a) did get used to               c) gets used to

b) is getting used to            d) used

11. Jane told me______calm.

a) to stay                          c) to have stayed

b) stay                              d) staying

12. I am surprised to see you. Your mother said you______ ill.

a) were                             c) has been

b) are                               d) had been

13.  She said that Mary______into her flat because she ______her key.

a) cannot get, lost              c) couldn’t get, had lost

b) couldn’t get, has lost       d) can’t get, was losing

14. Jane told everybody that she______a meeting______.

a) had, tomorrow

b) was having, tomorrow

c) will have, the next day

d) was having, the next day

15. Mary told me that writing a test______her nervous.

a) is making                      c) will make

b) made                           d) make

Тест 2

Выберите правильный вариант.

1. Ellie exclaimed that she______that car since her father gave it to her and that there had been no complaints.

a) had driven                    c) drove

b) had been driving            d) was driving

2. Vie said that they knew only what was in the papers, that they______for a call or a telegram since they heard of the accident.

a) waited                          c) had waited

b) were waiting                  d) had been waiting

3. Norma said that the old car had broken when they______ the bridge.

a) has crossed                   c) crossed

b) had been crossing          d) were crossing

4.  She said she couldn’t go in the water because she______ her swimming suit.

a) had not brought             c) hasn’t brought

b) didn’t bring                   d) will not bring

5.  She said my shoes were wet through and asked if I __all the way from the station in that rain.

a) has walked                    c) walking

b) had walked                   d) was walking

6.  The old teacher advised me to speak slowly if 1______ them to understand me.

a) had wanted                   c) wanted

b) want                            d) would want

7.  It was announced that the international treaty against the new warfare______and had gone into effect.

a) would have been ratified        c) had been ratified

b) is ratified                                d) was ratified

8.  The Navy officials said that the dolphins______in salt water holding tanks.

a) will be kept                   c) are kept

b) would be kept                d) will kept

9. Nobody can explain why she decided to touch upon the matter yesterday night. She______that the whole subject was too dangerous to discuss at night.

a) ought to know               c) ought known

b) ought to have known      d) ought know

10. It has recently been announced that further supplies ______soon be available.

a) will                              c) were

b) would                          d) are

11.She wondered if Stephen had found that the room was empty and if he___for her at the moment.

a) looked                          c) was looked

b) had been looking           d) was looking

12. The receptionist told us that from our room we______awonderful view over the sea.

a) will have                       c) would have

b) were going to have          d) were having

13.  Miss Marple replied that she______surprised at seeing the doctor depart.

a) is not                            c) has not been

b) won’t be                       d) would not be

14. The receptionist explained that breakfast______served between 7.00 and 9.00.

a) is                                 b) is being

с) was                              d) was being

15. The guide reminded us that after lunch we_________ sightseeing.

a) go                               c) went

b) were going                    d) would go

Тест 3

Выберите правильный вариант.

1. Не asked me if Tom______yet.

a) hadn’t left                     c) leaves

b) left                              d) hasn’t left

2. He asked me how long I______English.

a) learn                            c) has been learning

b) am learning                  d) had been learning

3.1 didn’t know who they______about.

a) speak                           c) were speaking

b) are speaking                  d) spoke

4. Do you know whose work they______.

a) discuss                         c) were discussing

b) are discussing                d) discussed

5.1 didn’t know he______a new book.

a) wrote                           c) writes

b) has written                    d) had written

6. We didn’t know whose things they______.

a) were                             c) can be

b) are                               d) may be

7. All the students knew they______revise for the examinations.

a) will                              c) may

b) must                            d) had to

8. He showed me which exercises he______.

a) does                             c) had done

b) has done                       d) ’11 do.

9. He knows that Peter______in Kiev now.

a) was                              b) is

с) ’11 be                              d) has been

10. He knew why Peter______to Kiev several times.

a) was                               c) had been

b) has been                        d) ’11 be

11.1 thought you______do it tomorrow.

a) ‘d                                  c) can

b) ’11                                  d) must

12. We were sure that you______cope with the task.

a) can                               c) could

b) will                               d) are able to

13. The teacher asked what we______.

a) discuss                           c) are discussing

b) discussed                       d) were discussing

14. He wanted to know when we______there again.

a) go                                 c) ’11 go

b) were going                     d) are going

15. A man asked how______to the Red Square.

a) get                                c) getting

b) to get                            d) ‘d get

Тест 4

Выберите правильный вариант.

1. She said that her friend’s name______Mary.

a) is                                  c) was

b) has been                        d) were

2.1 saw what he______.

a) means                           c) is meaning

b) meant                           d) has meant

3, She thought it______curious.

a) ’11 be                              c) is

b) was                               d) has been

4. He said he______hungry.

a) was                               c) ’11 be

b) is                                  d) has been

5.1 heard she______good English.

a)speaks                           c)speak

b) is speaking                     d) spoke

6. John confessed he .________like football.

a) doesn’t                          c) will not

b) didn’t                            d) do not

7.  He asked me how many lessons I______last week.

a) had                               c) had had

b) was having                     d) have

8. He wondered what Dick______at that moment.

a) did                                 c) is doing

b) does                             d) was doing

9. He told me Jack ______back in a few minutes.

a) would be                        c) is

b) was                               d) will be

10. He promised he______there in half an hour.

a) is                                  c) will be

b) would be                       d) was

11. She complained that no one______ever______to her.

a) —, speaks                       c) had spoken

b) — ,spoke                       d) has spoken

12. The manager explained that the exhibition______last week.

a) finished                         c) is finished

b) finishes                         d) had finished

13. He explained he______there two years before.

a) had moved                     c) moves

b) moved                           d) was moving

14. The boy exclaimed that their team______the match at last.

a) had won                        с) won

b) win                               d) has won

15. He remarked he______already______the film.

a) —, saw                           c) had seen

b) —, sees                          d) has seen

Прямая и косвенная речь. Согласование времен

Ключи к тестам

Тест l 

l. a) 

2. c) 

3. b) 

4. d) 

5. b) 

6. a) 

7. a) 

8. c) 

9. b) 

10. d) 

11. a) 

12. a) 

13. c) 

14. d) 

15. b)

 Тест 2 

l. b) 

2. d) 

3. b) 

4. a) 

5. b) 

6. c) 

7. c) 

8. b) 

9. b) 

10. a) 

11. d) 

12. c)

13. d) 

14. c) 

15. b)

 Тест 3 

l. a) 

2.d) 

3. с)

4. b) 

5.d) 

6. a) 

7.d) 

8.c) 

9.b) 

10. c) 

11. a) 

12. c) 

13. d) 

14. b) 

15. b)

 Тест 4 

1. с) 

2. b) 

З. b) 

4. а) 

5. d) 

6. b) 

7. с) 

8. d) 

9. а) 

10. b) 

11. с) 

12. d) 

13. а) 

14. а) 

15. с)

John needed to buy some food, that’s why he went to the supermarket.

«Oh, there is so much food!», — John thought, — «I don’t know what to buy … .»

Suddenly, something bumped into his trolley, and vegetables, loaf of bread and a packet of milk fell on the ground.

«I’m so sorry!», — the person said, — «My trolley got broken, that’s why … .»

«Oh, no, it’s my fault, I was very far away in my thoughts … .», — John answered.

Finally, he looked at the person near him. «James!», — he exclaimed, — «I don’t believe it’s you!»

«John! Long time no see!»

The two men burst out laughing.

John said: «Do you remember, when we were schoolboys, we had our own music band?»

James: «Oh, yes! These were lovely days».

John: «Maybe, we can start singing again? I called Dan yesterday, he wants to play the guitar again … .»

James: «I think that is a great idea! Let’s go to the music shop!»

John needed to buy some food but bought nothing of it.

Понравилась статья? Поделить с друзьями:
  • Крыша среднего мозга латынь анатомия
  • Особые случаи образования степеней сравнения прилагательных английский
  • Поздравления с днем рождения девушке на немецком языке с переводом на русский
  • Как переводится с английского на русский слово action
  • Можно ли покупать щенка французского бульдога