Money число в английском языке is or are

We all want more money, but having lots of it stuffed into one sentence can become a grammatical issue. A common question we receive concerns how to treat the plural of money.

In this review, we’ll get to the bottom of how to treat money when we’re referring to more than a single bill in our hand or bank account. We’ll discuss the plural of money as well as proper usage for moneys and monies when those words are used as exceptions.

The Plural of Money

The first thing to establish is that money is a mass noun (also referred to as a collective noun). That may sound complicated, but all it really means is that money can be either singular or plural depending on the context in which the word appears. For instance, you could write or say:

I gave my sister a ten-dollar bill, so she has money now.

I gave the cashier all of the money I had with me.

The used car cost him only a little money.

You wouldn’t write or say:

I gave five money for dinner.

The cab to the museum cost twenty moneys.

Do you have any more monies I can borrow? I’ll pay you back later.

These uses can sound odd to both the native and developing ear in American English. That’s because, as a collective noun, money isn’t used in this way. While you describe specific denominations (e.g., Please give me five twenties for this hundred-dollar bill), money itself is already pluralized.

Exceptions to the Pluralization of Money

If money is already plural, then why might you sometimes see the words moneys and monies being used?

These forms exist because there may be isolated instances in which a writer may choose to further emphasize separate amounts or sources of currency. For example, if you are referring to funds invested in a business venture by several partners, the contributions might be differentiated grammatically just as they would be in an account ledger.

Consider the following sentences:

The venture capitalists are pooling their monies to finance the start-up tech company.

If you were to compare the different moneys of the world, you would find similarities in printing, paper, and metals.

The countries in the agreement use different monies, so the chief adviser will need to establish a consistent rate of exchange among them.

Note that each use of moneys and monies aims to identify and express individual amounts of money from different sources. For this reason, we might on occasion wish to use the nonstandard plural forms to provide nuance in what we’re describing. This would be an exception, but it is a viable one.

As shown in the examples, moneys and monies can be used interchangeably. Some style guides might prefer one spelling over the other. The spelling monies will typically be more common.

Keep Learning!

Our website includes a trove of discussions and quizzes for refining your mastery of American English. We encourage you to further explore our archive of topics. If you have a thought or a question about the subject on this page, leave us a comment below!

If the article or the existing discussions do not address a thought or question you have on the subject, please use the «Comment» box at the bottom of this page.

  • #1

<< Topic: money is or are… >>

Sorry people for thes question but I can’t figure it out…which is right…
please, people, help me. I nead a response soon!

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    • #2

    Money is singular most of the time. So money is

    In other cases, money is plural. You could say the moneys of the world are

    • #3

    «Money» is always singular.

    «Moneys» (or «monies») is a rarely-used plural.

    Cagey

    post mod (English Only / Latin)


    • #4

    Hello tetraeder.

    We always ask for a sample sentence, so that we can be sure that we are giving the right answer.

    When ‘money’ is the subject, we use a singular verb, as people have said. However, the context you are thinking of may be different in some way from the one we are thinking of, and we may be giving you the wrong answer without knowing it.

    • #5

    I have an exam tomorrow and the topic is «People’s attitude towards money»
    And I’m still not sure how to start my speech, like — The money are … something…., The money is … samething…. or — Money are/is … something
    I know that you refuse to make our homework but this is not extactly this…
    But I will be thankful for every response… even the negative ones

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    • #6

    You are talking about money in general so I would go for:

    Money is [an interesting subject to talk about because…]

    • #7

    thank you … :thumbsup:

    • #8

    The only time you can use «money» in the plural is if you are talking about different kinds of money: dollars, yen, pounds, euros and so on. Even then, «kinds of money» is more colloquial than «monies.»

    In everyday English the word “money” is uncountable. It is not used in the plural.

    We say, e.g. I found some money under the bed / There is some money under the bed, whether it is one 1 cent coin or ten €100 notes.

    We would never say I found some monies under the bed / There are some monies under the bed. And it is incorrect to say I found a money under the bed.

    Money takes verbs in the singular: Money is… NOT Money are…

    However, you are probably familiar with the word being used in the plural.

    The plural of “money” is spelt in two different ways – “monies” and “moneys”. Both are correct, but, according to my research, “monies” is the more modern spelling.

    Whichever way you spell it, the plural of “money” is used almost exclusively in formal business contexts.

    Although “money” has this special plural form, it is still not a countable noun. A money, one money, or two monies etc. are incorrect. “Monies” is an uncountable plural noun.

    “Monies” means sums of money. Each sum may be from a different source or earmarked for a different purpose.

    For example:
    He is responsible for handling fees and other monies due to the court.
    These funds represent approximately 12% of total Arts Council monies.
    If further monies are put into the trust the additional income will be assessed separately.
    She would like to secure these monies for her children in the event of her husband remarrying after her death.

    Paolo Bianchi

    Money, is it just singular or plural forms exists
    Buongiorno,
    1st question
    I wonder if the word money does exist just as a collective noun Money or if plural forms (Moneys) does exists. I’m quite sure that just the singular form exists, but I would like to have a confirmation.
    2nd question
    When I speak about money, have I to use singular or plural verb? I mean for example:
    «All the money I had, they are spent now» or «All the money I had, it is spent now»?
    Which is the corrcet way?
    Thankyou very much for your help.

    Paolo Bianchi

    Языковые навыки

    английский, немецкий, итальянский, ломбардский, русский

    Изучаемый язык

    английский, немецкий, русский

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    In most instances, we treat money as a mass noun or noncount noun—just like oxygen or mud or honesty. You can’t have a single mud or four honesties, and in the same vein, we don’t say a money or one money or twenty-six moneys. Even though it can be composed of discrete bills and coins, countable dollars and cents, the concept of money is treated as a mass in English. You either have money or you don’t.

    Plural Mass Nouns

    However, like common mass nouns such as water and sand, there are occasions when money is inflected with a standard plural, like any count noun. It tends to occur when the reference is to discrete sums of money, obtained from a particular source or allocated to a particular cause.

    meme boy gets paid

    There are occasions when ‘money’ is plural.

    The spelling in these instance can be moneys or, more commonly, monies:

    Some of the 2009 stimulus monies for high-speed rail should end up in the California project and more may be coming.

    —James McCommons, Waiting on a Train, 2009

    Under Oregon’s unique «kicker» law, if general fund revenue tops projections by more than 2 percent, the entirety of the above-projection moneys goes back to taxpayers in the form of a rebate.

    —Connor Radnovich, The Statesman Journal (Salem, Ore.), 23 Aug. 2017

    The West Virginia Department of Health and Human resources announced it will use $22 million in settlement monies received from drug distributors to combat the drug epidemic in West Virginia.

    —Kara Leigh Lofton, West Virginia Public Broadcasting, 21 Aug. 2017

    The mood today is slightly less worshipful, and the reason is simple. Voters are tired of using public monies to enrich millionaire sports owners.

    —Carl Hiaasen, Kick Ass, 1999

    Correct Spelling

    Most nouns that end in –ey take a standard -s plural: monkeys, chimneys, attorneys, turkeys. Moneys naturally follows that pattern. Some usage critics decry the spelling monies because it encourages a pronunciation akin to the plural nouns ponies or cronies, as though the singular noun were actually spelled mony. These days, however, monies is in fact the more common spelling.

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