Как выглядят французские номера телефонов

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Telephone numbers in France

5 geographic zones

Location
Country France
Continent Europe
Regulator ARCEP
Type Closed
NSN length 9
Format 0x xx xx xx xx
Access codes
Country code 33
International access 00
Long-distance 0

The French telephone numbering plan is used in Metropolitan France, French overseas departments and some overseas collectivities.

Since 1996, France uses a ten-digit closed numbering plan, where the first two digits denote a geographic area, mobile or non-geographic number.

  • 01 Île-de-France
  • 02 Northwest France
  • 03 Northeast France
  • 04 Southeast France
  • 05 Southwest France
  • 06 Mobile phone services
  • 07 Mobile phone services
  • 08 Special phone numbers: Freephone (numéro vert) and shared-cost services.
  • 09 Non-geographic number (used by Voice over IP services)

All geographic numbers are dialed in the ten-digit format, even for local calls. The international access code is the International Telecommunication Union’s recommended 00.[1]

When calling France from abroad, the leading zero should be omitted: for example, to call a number in Southwest France, one would dial +33 5 xx xx xx xx.

French people usually state phone numbers as a sequence of five double-digit numbers, e.g., 0x xx xx xx xx (and not, for example, 0 xxx-xxx-xxx or 0xxx-xx-xxxx or 0xx-xxx-xxxx).[2]

History[edit]

For many years, French subscribers’ telephone numbers consisted of eight digits (including the one-digit area code 1 for all of Paris and its surrounding departments, or a two-digit area code from 20 to 99 for other metropolitan departments; this area code was dialed only after the trunk code 16). The territories of Overseas France all had their own local numbering plans and used their own country codes but no area codes, and calls between different territories or Metropolitan France required a dialing international call using the international call prefix 19 followed by the country code, area code, and subscriber number.

But that system began to run out of numbers in the 1980s, leading to the adoption of a new «eight-digit» numbering plan on 25 October 1985.[3] On that date, France changed to a system of two zones, one for Paris and the surrounding Île-de-France and another for the other departments.[4] Outside Paris, the old area code was incorporated into the subscriber’s eight-digit number; for Paris, the area code 1 was retained, and a 4 was prefixed to seven-digit numbers, meaning that a subscriber’s number could begin with 40, for example 4056 1873. For numbers in the Île-de-France surrounding Paris, the old codes 3x and 6x joined the old seven-digit numbers to become eight-digit numbers and were assigned to the Paris area code 1, with the trunk prefix 16 required for calls from the rest of France, followed by the area code 1 for Paris and the eight-digit number.[5] To call the rest of France from Paris, however, the trunk prefix 16 had to be dialed before the eight-digit number.

On 18 October 1996, this changed to the present «ten-digit» system (including the default one-digit leading trunk code 0), in which each call is dialed using all ten digits, this national scheme being also extended to cover Overseas France in a single area.[6] Area codes were abolished, and since then France has had a closed numbering plan, where all local or national calls require dialing the leading trunk code.

Following liberalisation in 1998, subscribers (first deployed on land lines and rapidly extended to all mobile networks) could access different carriers by replacing the leading trunk code 0 (omitted from numbers when called from outside France) with another carrier selection code (one digit from 2 to 9, or four digits 16xx). For example, Cegetel required subscribers to dial 7; e.g., Paris 71 xx xx xx xx, instead of 01 xx xx xx xx. Similarly, the international access code using Cegetel would be 70 instead of 00 by replacing the first 0.[7] Since then, the carrier selection code still exists, but carrier preselection (and number portability) is offered by default on all subscriber lines, and the one-digit carrier selection is rarely used. As well, several important national operators merged, and the four-digit carrier selection only persists for subscribers of various international service providers (most of them for mobile telephony, but these carrier selection prefixes are often dialed internally by a terminal device and callers don’t need to care about it, unless they want to select carriers for different services). Additionally, call fees no longer depend on distance throughout the French numbering plan, so carrier selection remains used only for international calls.

The 09 prefix was introduced for non-geographic numbers and special services in September 2006[8] and older numbers such as 08 7x xx xx xx (used for VoIP in Internet boxes) were replaced by 09 5x xx xx xx (telephone service offered by Internet service provider Free, later followed by other French ISPs).[citation needed]

The national information service 12 was closed in 2005 which lead to the creation of many new information services 118 xxx. They cost €3 per call plus €3 per minute.

Defunct prefixes[edit]

Changed in 1996:

  • 16 — Long distance prefix — Changed to: 0
  • 19 — International prefix — Changed to: 00

The second dial tone was also removed. Dialling procedures now reflect ETSI and ITU recommendations.

Overseas departments and territories[edit]

The French overseas departments (départements d’outre mer or DOM) have separate country codes from metropolitan France, with Réunion being assigned the code 262[9] while Guadeloupe, French Guiana and Martinique were assigned the codes 590, 594 and 596 respectively.[10] Until 1996, the use of the international access code 19 and country code was required for calls from metropolitan France.[1] For example, to call Guadeloupe from metropolitan France, a subscriber would dial 19 590 xxx xxx, 590 being the country code.[11] This included the islands of Saint Barthelemy and Saint Martin, which later separated from Guadeloupe to become collectivities, although they still use the same country code. By contrast, calls to metropolitan France from the overseas departments only required the use of the trunk code 16.[1]

However, under the new present French numbering plan, direct dialling was introduced for calls between the DOMs (including collectivités territoriales) and metropolitan France, requiring only the ‘0’ to be dialed, with the country code being used as a geographical area code.[6] Despite this, the 33 country code was not adopted for calls to the DOMs from the rest of the world, because of technical difficulties with operators in neighbouring countries, for example, calls to Réunion from Mauritius would have to be routed via metropolitan France, adversely affecting voice quality as well as increasing call costs.[12]

In 2001, telephone numbers in the DOMs changed to the same ten-digit format as metropolitan France, with new prefixes beginning with the digit ‘6’ being adopted for mobile phone services:

Guadeloupe, Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin[edit]

From France:

  • Fixed phone line: 0 590 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: 0 690 xx xx xx or 0 691 xx xx xx

Outside France:

  • Fixed phone line: +590 590 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: +590 690 xx xx xx or +590 691 xx xx xx

French Guiana[edit]

From France:

  • Fixed phone line: 0 594 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: 0 694 xx xx xx

Outside France:

  • Fixed phone line: +594 594 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: +594 694 xx xx xx

Martinique[edit]

From France:

  • Fixed phone line: 0 596 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: 0 696 xx xx xx or 0 697 xx xx xx

Outside France:

  • Fixed phone line: +596 596 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: +596 696 xx xx xx or +596 697 xx xx xx

Réunion[edit]

From France:

  • Fixed phone line: 0 262 xx xx xx or 0 263 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: 0 692 xx xx xx or 0 693 xx xx xx

Outside France:

  • Fixed phone line: +262 262 xx xx xx or +262 263 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: +262 692 xx xx xx or +262 693 xx xx xx

Others[edit]

Before 30 March 2007 the collectivité départementale of Mayotte used country code +269, shared with the Comoros:

  • From France, including Mayotte: 0 269 xx xx xx
  • From Comoros: xx xx xx
  • Outside France and Comoros: +269 xx xx xx

On 30 March 2007 Mayotte adopted the +262 code, used by Réunion, and a new numbering range was introduced for mobile phones:

  • From France:
    • Fixed phone line: 0 269 xx xx xx
    • Mobile phone line: 0 639 xx xx xx
  • Outside France:
    • Fixed phone line: +262 269 xx xx xx
    • Mobile phone line: +262 639 xx xx xx

Calls to Saint Pierre and Miquelon require only ‘0’, country code and the subscriber’s six-digit number, e.g.:

  • From France: 0 508 xx xx xx
  • Outside France: +508 xx xx xx

Calls to and from the territoires d’outre mer, however, require full international dialing, hence the international access code and country code must be used:

  • Paris from New Caledonia: 00 33 1 xx xx xx xx
  • New Caledonia from Paris: 00 687 xx xx xx

Andorra and Monaco[edit]

Until 17 December 1994, Andorra formed part of the French numbering plan, with calls from France requiring the prefix 628,[13] (or 16 628 from Paris).[14] Those from the rest of the world were made using +33 628,[15] except from Spain, which were made using the prefix 9738.[14] On that date, the principality adopted the country code +376.[16] Consequently, all calls from France to Andorra had to be dialled in international format, using the prefix 19 376.[17] This was later changed to 00 376, along with the second French reform of 1996 to the newer «ten-digit» plan.[18]

On 21 June 1996, Monaco similarly adopted its own country code +377, replacing access from France (+33 93).[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Le téléphone refait son numéro. Fin 1996, la numérotation passera à dix chiffres, sans le 16 et le 19 Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Libération, 17 May 1995
  2. ^ «ANNU.COM — L’annuaire inversé !». www.annu.com. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  3. ^ Médiaspouvoirs Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Issues 1-5, Bayard-Presse, 1985, page 146
  4. ^ Nouvelle numérotation, nouvelle communication: le succès sur toute la ligne Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Simone Muet, Jacques Hintzy, Documentation française, 1986, page 78
  5. ^ Nonconventional Energy Archived 2020-08-08 at the Wayback Machine, Ashok V. Desai, New Age International, 1990
  6. ^ a b Téléphone : 10 chiffres pour préparer l’arrivée de la concurrence et des nouveaux services Archived 2020-08-08 at the Wayback Machine, Les Echos, 18 October 1996
  7. ^ Cegetel inaugure le premier service grand public concurrent de France Télécom Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Les Echos, 2 February 1998
  8. ^ «art-telecom» (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 September 2021. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  9. ^ White Book Archived 2020-08-08 at the Wayback Machine, Volume 2, Part 1, International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee, International Telecommunication Union, 1969, page 29
  10. ^ Yellow book: International telephone service : operation Archived 2020-08-08 at the Wayback Machine, International Telecommunication Union, International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee. Plenary Assembly International Telecommunication Union, 1981, page 87
  11. ^ Cruising World Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, August 1991, page 103
  12. ^ Nouvelle numérotation téléphonique et départements d’outre-mer Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Sénat, 2 January 1997
  13. ^ Fodor’s Europe Archived 2020-08-08 at the Wayback Machine, Eugene Fodor, D. McKay., 1993, page 52
  14. ^ a b Mediterranean Europe Archived 2022-03-26 at the Wayback Machine, Lonely Planet, 1995, page 104
  15. ^ The Merrill Lynch Euromoney Directory Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Euromoney Publications PLC, 1988, page 1
  16. ^ Japan Directory Archived 2020-08-08 at the Wayback Machine, Issue 1, Japan Press, 1995, page 44
  17. ^ Fodor’s Europe Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Eugene Fodor, D. McKay, 1996, page 35
  18. ^ Paris Match Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Issues 2519-2522, 1997, page 304
  19. ^ Hydrographic Review, Volume 73, International Hydrographic Bureau, 1996, page 179

External links[edit]

  • ARCEP: La numérotation, French official plan
  • French Phone system by Whitepages
  • World Telephone Numbering Guide: France

The French telephone numbering plan is used in Metropolitan France, French overseas departments and some overseas collectivities.

Telephone numbers in France

5 geographic zones

Location
Country France
Continent Europe
Regulator ARCEP
Type Closed
NSN length 9
Format 0x xx xx xx xx
Access codes
Country code 33
International access 00
Long-distance 0

Since 1996, France uses a ten-digit closed numbering plan, where the first two digits denote a geographic area, mobile or non-geographic number.

  • 01 Île-de-France
  • 02 Northwest France
  • 03 Northeast France
  • 04 Southeast France
  • 05 Southwest France
  • 06 Mobile phone services
  • 07 Mobile phone services
  • 08 Special phone numbers: Freephone (numéro vert) and shared-cost services.
  • 09 Non-geographic number (used by Voice over IP services)

All geographic numbers are dialed in the ten-digit format, even for local calls. The international access code is the International Telecommunication Union’s recommended 00.[1]

When calling France from abroad, the leading zero should be omitted: for example, to call a number in Southwest France, one would dial +33 5 xx xx xx xx.

French people usually state phone numbers as a sequence of five double-digit numbers, e.g., 0x xx xx xx xx (and not, for example, 0 xxx-xxx-xxx or 0xxx-xx-xxxx or 0xx-xxx-xxxx).[2]

History


edit

For many years, French subscribers’ telephone numbers consisted of eight digits (including the one-digit area code 1 for all of Paris and its surrounding departments, or a two-digit area code from 20 to 99 for other metropolitan departments; this area code was dialed only after the trunk code 16). The territories of Overseas France all had their own local numbering plans and used their own country codes but no area codes, and calls between different territories or Metropolitan France required a dialing international call using the international call prefix 19 followed by the country code, area code, and subscriber number.

But that system began to run out of numbers in the 1980s, leading to the adoption of a new «eight-digit» numbering plan on 25 October 1985.[3] On that date, France changed to a system of two zones, one for Paris and the surrounding Île-de-France and another for the other departments.[4] Outside Paris, the old area code was incorporated into the subscriber’s eight-digit number; for Paris, the area code 1 was retained, and a 4 was prefixed to seven-digit numbers, meaning that a subscriber’s number could begin with 40, for example 4056 1873. For numbers in the Île-de-France surrounding Paris, the old codes 3x and 6x joined the old seven-digit numbers to become eight-digit numbers and were assigned to the Paris area code 1, with the trunk prefix 16 required for calls from the rest of France, followed by the area code 1 for Paris and the eight-digit number.[5] To call the rest of France from Paris, however, the trunk prefix 16 had to be dialed before the eight-digit number.

On 18 October 1996, this changed to the present «ten-digit» system (including the default one-digit leading trunk code 0), in which each call is dialed using all ten digits, this national scheme being also extended to cover Overseas France in a single area.[6] Area codes were abolished, and since then France has had a closed numbering plan, where all local or national calls require dialing the leading trunk code.

Following liberalisation in 1998, subscribers (first deployed on land lines and rapidly extended to all mobile networks) could access different carriers by replacing the leading trunk code 0 (omitted from numbers when called from outside France) with another carrier selection code (one digit from 2 to 9, or four digits 16xx). For example, Cegetel required subscribers to dial 7; e.g., Paris 71 xx xx xx xx, instead of 01 xx xx xx xx. Similarly, the international access code using Cegetel would be 70 instead of 00 by replacing the first 0.[7] Since then, the carrier selection code still exists, but carrier preselection (and number portability) is offered by default on all subscriber lines, and the one-digit carrier selection is rarely used. As well, several important national operators merged, and the four-digit carrier selection only persists for subscribers of various international service providers (most of them for mobile telephony, but these carrier selection prefixes are often dialed internally by a terminal device and callers don’t need to care about it, unless they want to select carriers for different services). Additionally, call fees no longer depend on distance throughout the French numbering plan, so carrier selection remains used only for international calls.

The 09 prefix was introduced for non-geographic numbers and special services in September 2006[8] and older numbers such as 08 7x xx xx xx (used for VoIP in Internet boxes) were replaced by 09 5x xx xx xx (telephone service offered by Internet service provider Free, later followed by other French ISPs).[citation needed]

The national information service 12 was closed in 2005 which lead to the creation of many new information services 118 xxx. They cost €3 per call plus €3 per minute.

Defunct prefixes


edit

Changed in 1996:

  • 16 — Long distance prefix — Changed to: 0
  • 19 — International prefix — Changed to: 00

The second dial tone was also removed. Dialling procedures now reflect ETSI and ITU recommendations.

Overseas departments and territories


edit

The French overseas departments (départements d’outre mer or DOM) have separate country codes from metropolitan France, with Réunion being assigned the code 262[9] while Guadeloupe, French Guiana and Martinique were assigned the codes 590, 594 and 596 respectively.[10] Until 1996, the use of the international access code 19 and country code was required for calls from metropolitan France.[1] For example, to call Guadeloupe from metropolitan France, a subscriber would dial 19 590 xxx xxx, 590 being the country code.[11] This included the islands of Saint Barthelemy and Saint Martin, which later separated from Guadeloupe to become collectivities, although they still use the same country code. By contrast, calls to metropolitan France from the overseas departments only required the use of the trunk code 16.[1]

However, under the new present French numbering plan, direct dialling was introduced for calls between the DOMs (including collectivités territoriales) and metropolitan France, requiring only the ‘0’ to be dialed, with the country code being used as a geographical area code.[6] Despite this, the 33 country code was not adopted for calls to the DOMs from the rest of the world, because of technical difficulties with operators in neighbouring countries, for example, calls to Réunion from Mauritius would have to be routed via metropolitan France, adversely affecting voice quality as well as increasing call costs.[12]

In 2001, telephone numbers in the DOMs changed to the same ten-digit format as metropolitan France, with new prefixes beginning with the digit ‘6’ being adopted for mobile phone services:

Guadeloupe, Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin


edit

From France:

  • Fixed phone line: 0 590 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: 0 690 xx xx xx or 0 691 xx xx xx

Outside France:

  • Fixed phone line: +590 590 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: +590 690 xx xx xx or +590 691 xx xx xx

French Guiana


edit

From France:

  • Fixed phone line: 0 594 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: 0 694 xx xx xx

Outside France:

  • Fixed phone line: +594 594 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: +594 694 xx xx xx

Martinique


edit

From France:

  • Fixed phone line: 0 596 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: 0 696 xx xx xx or 0 697 xx xx xx

Outside France:

  • Fixed phone line: +596 596 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: +596 696 xx xx xx or +596 697 xx xx xx

Réunion


edit

From France:

  • Fixed phone line: 0 262 xx xx xx or 0 263 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: 0 692 xx xx xx or 0 693 xx xx xx

Outside France:

  • Fixed phone line: +262 262 xx xx xx or +262 263 xx xx xx
  • Mobile phone line: +262 692 xx xx xx or +262 693 xx xx xx

Others


edit

Before 30 March 2007 the collectivité départementale of Mayotte used country code +269, shared with the Comoros:

  • From France, including Mayotte: 0 269 xx xx xx
  • From Comoros: xx xx xx
  • Outside France and Comoros: +269 xx xx xx

On 30 March 2007 Mayotte adopted the +262 code, used by Réunion, and a new numbering range was introduced for mobile phones:

  • From France:
    • Fixed phone line: 0 269 xx xx xx
    • Mobile phone line: 0 639 xx xx xx
  • Outside France:
    • Fixed phone line: +262 269 xx xx xx
    • Mobile phone line: +262 639 xx xx xx

Calls to Saint Pierre and Miquelon require only ‘0’, country code and the subscriber’s six-digit number, e.g.:

  • From France: 0 508 xx xx xx
  • Outside France: +508 xx xx xx

Calls to and from the territoires d’outre mer, however, require full international dialing, hence the international access code and country code must be used:

  • Paris from New Caledonia: 00 33 1 xx xx xx xx
  • New Caledonia from Paris: 00 687 xx xx xx

Andorra and Monaco


edit

Until 17 December 1994, Andorra formed part of the French numbering plan, with calls from France requiring the prefix 628,[13] (or 16 628 from Paris).[14] Those from the rest of the world were made using +33 628,[15] except from Spain, which were made using the prefix 9738.[14] On that date, the principality adopted the country code +376.[16] Consequently, all calls from France to Andorra had to be dialled in international format, using the prefix 19 376.[17] This was later changed to 00 376, along with the second French reform of 1996 to the newer «ten-digit» plan.[18]

On 21 June 1996, Monaco similarly adopted its own country code +377, replacing access from France (+33 93).[19]

References


edit

  1. ^ a b c Le téléphone refait son numéro. Fin 1996, la numérotation passera à dix chiffres, sans le 16 et le 19 Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Libération, 17 May 1995
  2. ^ «ANNU.COM — L’annuaire inversé !». www.annu.com. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  3. ^ Médiaspouvoirs Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Issues 1-5, Bayard-Presse, 1985, page 146
  4. ^ Nouvelle numérotation, nouvelle communication: le succès sur toute la ligne Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Simone Muet, Jacques Hintzy, Documentation française, 1986, page 78
  5. ^ Nonconventional Energy Archived 2020-08-08 at the Wayback Machine, Ashok V. Desai, New Age International, 1990
  6. ^ a b Téléphone : 10 chiffres pour préparer l’arrivée de la concurrence et des nouveaux services Archived 2020-08-08 at the Wayback Machine, Les Echos, 18 October 1996
  7. ^ Cegetel inaugure le premier service grand public concurrent de France Télécom Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Les Echos, 2 February 1998
  8. ^ «art-telecom» (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 September 2021. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  9. ^ White Book Archived 2020-08-08 at the Wayback Machine, Volume 2, Part 1, International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee, International Telecommunication Union, 1969, page 29
  10. ^ Yellow book: International telephone service : operation Archived 2020-08-08 at the Wayback Machine, International Telecommunication Union, International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee. Plenary Assembly International Telecommunication Union, 1981, page 87
  11. ^ Cruising World Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, August 1991, page 103
  12. ^ Nouvelle numérotation téléphonique et départements d’outre-mer Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Sénat, 2 January 1997
  13. ^ Fodor’s Europe Archived 2020-08-08 at the Wayback Machine, Eugene Fodor, D. McKay., 1993, page 52
  14. ^ a b Mediterranean Europe Archived 2022-03-26 at the Wayback Machine, Lonely Planet, 1995, page 104
  15. ^ The Merrill Lynch Euromoney Directory Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Euromoney Publications PLC, 1988, page 1
  16. ^ Japan Directory Archived 2020-08-08 at the Wayback Machine, Issue 1, Japan Press, 1995, page 44
  17. ^ Fodor’s Europe Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Eugene Fodor, D. McKay, 1996, page 35
  18. ^ Paris Match Archived 2022-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Issues 2519-2522, 1997, page 304
  19. ^ Hydrographic Review, Volume 73, International Hydrographic Bureau, 1996, page 179

External links


edit

  • ARCEP: La numérotation, French official plan
  • French Phone system by Whitepages
  • World Telephone Numbering Guide: France

French phone numbers

This edition of Countries in the spotlight: France with French Phone Numbers.

France is the third-largest economy in Europe and the sixth largest in the world in terms of GDP. It is business-focussed, has a sophisticated financial market, and educated workforce. France is also one of the most visited countries in the world and its cultural influence is widely recognized. All of this makes it one of the top markets to enter.

France is a proud country and rightfully so with their rich history. This has its impact on how to do business with French people. Appearance is important for the French; you are expected to present yourself in quality business attire – even on ‘casual Friday’. In order to make a great first impression in France, a high level of politeness is critical and you are expected to use formal language with words like ‘Monsieur’ or ‘Madame’.

That brings us to the next point of attention: French is a beautiful language and the French are proud of it. for international business English is accepted, but first contact in French is appreciated. When addressing the consumer market: French language is a must! Not being able to interact with consumers in France will drastically reduce your chances.

The French require a formal and pleasant introduction before engaging in any form of business. This makes having French Phone Numbers important for your chances of success. Here an overview of what French Number Types are available for you to use:

French local numbers are – as in any other country – tied to a specific area and are reachable against standard caller cost. The French have divided their country in 5 main geographical areas:

  1. Paris
  2. North-West
  3. North-East
  4. South-East
  5. South-West

Download a graphical presentation of the division here.

It is noteworthy that you need an address with proof in the area of the number to be able to request a French Local Phone Number.

A French National number is not tied to a specific area in France, has the area code (0)9 and is reachable against standard calling cost.

Also, for this number type you need an address with proof in France is required to be able to request a National Number.

The French regard Freephone Numbers as important and have reserved a slightly bigger range than other countries: 0800 to 0805, where most countries only reserve 0800. French Freephone Numbers are free for the caller and generally only reachable from within the country – although international calls in some cases do come through.

Freephone is a French number type that is relatively easy to request. You do not have to take any special conditions into consideration.

French phone numbers - A quick overview.

Infographic – French Phone Numbers. You ar free to use this infographic in your own publications provided a link to this article is placed as well.

An International Freephone – officially a Universal International Freephone Number (UIFN) – is a global number. It is not regulated in France itself. The ITU has defined this type of number as an international alternative for the regular in-country freephone. This type of number can be activated in France and the exact same number can be activated in other countries as well.

In France the ranges (0)6 and (0)7 have been reserved for Mobile, where (0)7000 to (0)70004 is intended for M2M mobile. These numbers are reachable against mobile cost and internationally.

Note: Mobiel numbers are sold in combination with a SIM.

The definition of French Premium Rate Numbers is not straightforward. These ranges have been reserved for this type of phone numbers:

  • 0806 to 0809
  • 0810 to 0829
  • 0890 to 0899

The current designations are as follows:

  • 806 to 809: Standard calling cost
  • 081: < € 0,06 per minute or € 0,15 per call*
  • 082: < € 0,20 per minute or € 0,50 per call*
  • 089: < € 0,80 per minute or € 3,- per call*

* Plus standard calling cost

It should be clear that French premium rate numbers require a lot of attention. Regulation is tight and elaborate. Besides the tariff announcement, a service description and examples of the promotion need to be supplied for approval. During the approval process additional information can be requested.

Presentation French Service Numbers - Obligatory

Since French Service Numbers all start with 08, it is more difficult for a caller to recognise what kind of number it is. Therefore the French have obligated a specific presentation of these number types.

You should always be careful when choosing a phone number type. This guide provides excellent guidelines for your selection process. But here are some considerations to make with the specific French market in mind.

France is an economically progressive country, but culturally it’s very conservative – social values, family culture, gastronomy (the food and wine culture), and certain social structures maintain a strong sense of what is “correct” or “pas correct”. The French are very proud of their country. French patriotism is certainly a common cultural value. “Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité” (Freedom, equality, brotherhood) is their national motto, and they certainly try to live up to it.

This drive to Freedom means that any form of pressure is not done. If you are coming on strong or in case a French person senses any kind of pressure, they will turn away.

What is valid for support, is even more valid for sales phone lines. You want to welcome callers with open arms. Confirm to the potential customers they can expect an excellent customer experience. Any possible threshold must be removed.

Why a Freephone number fits well in France particularly, is their drive to Freedom – and a French freephone number expresses just that: The freedom to call.

Do not forget that the presentation of a French freephone number is key. Not only because they value design, art and fashion, but also because Freephone numbers and Premium Rate numbers look alike. They both start with an 8. Therefore, it is important to present these “numéro vert” – as they call this type of number – in the color green.

There can be a specific reason to choose a different French phone number type, but in general freephone numbers are the most effective option for a sales line.

Local businesses with local clientelle should take local phone numbers. In France, the drive behind this is their value for family and friends. So the importance for local businesses to have a French Local number is even more important than in most other countries.

In France local business should choose local numbers – no question. The only thing to consider is – when you service multiple cities – whether multiple numbers are required to service the multiple cities. All phone numbers can be forwarded to the same destination(s). So, you can keep working as you are used to, but your potential callers have confirmation you are able to service them in their respective areas.

The obvious choice for a nationally operating company is a national phone number. However, it is not the best choice for all situations. And in some case, it might even be worthwhile to opt for multiple types of numbers.

If you have an organisation which is targeting customers with multiple locations spread out over France, a national number is definitely the best choice. If you are operating nationally but targeting local customers, it is better to opt for local phone numbers in the areas where your customers are since France is a huge country.

And there are always the sales and support lines to consider. A freephone number remains the most effective option. Based on these guidelines, it should be easy to make the best choice for you.

The best advice for a multinational is to do localization for their phone number the same way as they do for their website. Most corporates put effort in fine tuning their online presence and keep on tweaking their localisation. But somehow optimisation of the phone numbers stays behind while the same results can be achieved. So, per country look at the specifics and determine the number types to be used based on the localisation as defined for your website. Do not underestimate the importance of localisation of phone numbers.

An additional option for multinationals is an International freephone number. This type of number can be activated in multiple countries and therefore there is only one number to remember by the caller and a single phone number can be printed on documentation used in multiple countries. This can be quite the optimisation. Do check up front if calling such a number is acceptable for your specific audience.

When providing consulting or other professional services via the phone, you expect to be rewarded and a French caller will respect that.

Due to the extensive regulations, make sure to elaborate and verify your project in detail before proceeding.

Detailed regulation can be found on the website of the arcep. And obviously, we are happy to help as well.

An address in France is required for a lot of French number types. If you do not have an address available, a freephone number is an excellent French phone number option. It is a good number type to unlock a market in general but as stated previously, it fits even better with the French market.

Unlock the full potential of this huge country with its top market via French Phone Numbers that fit your business.

French phone numbers

A very extensive guide to optimise your call routing can be found here. This guide is applicable for all countries including France. What should get additional attention when defining a call routing flow for a French audience: Be polite and respectful and avoid any impression of pressure! Always use a pleasant tone of voice and you should mostly stick to formal use of language.

Next point of attention is the language. For international business, English is accepted, but French preferred or at least greeting in French and using the words ‘Monsieur’ or ‘Madame’ is expected. For the consumer market, only the French language has a change to success.

Would you like to discuss your specifics, please do not hesitate to contact us. We are happy to help.

Country Code for France

International Direct Dialing was set up in two steps.
Before 1960 one could not call France without going through
a Telephone Opérator.

1960 a first Pan European and Mediterranian
Direct Dialing system was established.
The system was a precursor for today’s World phone system.

Two digit country codes were attributed to 40 countries.
Codes started with +20 for Poland and ended with +69 for Russia

Jacques Marette

Jacques Marette (1922 — 1984)
later the French Minister des Postes et Telecommunication
understood the strategic importance
to get a very easy to remember
and very beautiful sounding
country code.
He managed to obtain the double 3, +33 county code for France.
(If anybody should know more details
of how Marette was able to get the +33 code
please contact the Phonebook of the World, as the editor
of this article would be interested, mail «c at vb.com».)

1964 the phone system was extended to the world.
9 World Telecom Zones were created:
+1 for North America
+2 for Africa
+3 and +4 for Europe
+5 for South America
+6 for South Asia
+7 for Russia
+8 for North Asia
+9 for the Middle East.

 
Country codes were attributed in a Geneva
Conference organized
by the International Telecommunications Union — ITU.

Country Codes Europe

6 of the European Countries
that already had a double digit country code starting with 3 or 4
were able to keep it.
+30 for Greece
+33 for France
+39 for Italy
+44 for the United Kingdom
+46 for Sweden
+49 for West Germany

Thus France was able to kept it’s prestigeous +33
and the UK it’s +44 country code.

In most cases Latin countries have a country code +3x.
Germanic countries have a country code +4x
Larger countries have a 2-digit code,
smaller countries a 3-digit code.

Only two more countries have a symetric double
digit code,

Brazil +55 and Thailand +66

small anecdote:
In the case of Brazil,
it is possible that
Jacques Marette,
in the meantime French PTT Minister helped
to get it’s prestigeous Brazilian +55 phone code.

He wanted to make a favor
to

Aimée de Heeren, a beautiful Brazilian woman
that had contacted him with this request.

Aimée de Heeren and her friend Coco Chanel
had the crazy idea that +55 would be a lucky number …
As a result Aimée de Heeren,
once a Brazilian Secret Service agent
for President Vargas
did everything she could to influce the attribution
of the phone code.
More in the

history section
of
the Brazilian Whitepages, Whitepages.com.br

The city of Paris honored Marette by naming a square in the 15th arrondissement,
place Jacques Marette
.

You find all the country codes of the world on the homepage
of the

Phonebook of the World  (just below the World Map).

French Numbering Plan

came into service 1996 October 18.

small anecdote:
the editor of

Whitepages.fr
remembers the moment very well …
at the time he was working as a sales agent
for the American Call Back company MTC.
The Callback office was located at the Cybercafe de Paris,
the first Internet Cafe in Paris,
today the expo Center Cremerie de Paris.

… 1996 October 18 the phone switch occured at 11pm french time … he had to answer test calls all night
Heide Osterlye Collins
from the MTC phonecompany in Petaluma, California
was verifiying
if Call Back switches had been re programmed correctly in the US)

It is a 10-digit numbering scheme
where all phonenumbers, fixed and mobile
have the same lenght.

all French phonenumbers have
9-digits after the country code +33 x xx xx xx xx
or
10-digits if dialed from inside France
(including a 0 before the 9-digit number) 0x xx xx xx xx

Phonenumbers indicate the geographic location
01 for Paris and Paris Area (Ile de France)
02 for Northwest France including Normandy and Brittany
03 for Northeast France including Alsace and Lorraine
04 for Southeast France including the Côte d´Azur
05 for Southwest France including Aquitaine

Mobile phones start with 06
since mai 2010 some new Mobile phones will start with 07

Free Phones (Numeros Verts)
and Extra Charged Phones (Numeros surtaxés) start with 08
0800 xx xx xx numers are free of charges
numbers from 0810 to 0899 apply extra charges

Voice over IP Phone (Lifebox) start with 09
These phonenumbers appear when France Telecom subscribers use a «Lifebox» to place a call.
The 09 numbers are confusing as they do no longer indicate the geographic location in France.

 
  Old French numbering plan:in the old numbering plan valid until 1996
France was divided into 2 zones
Paris Area (ile de France)
and the rest of France

to dial from one zone to the other one had to dial 16
followed by a 8-digit number
to call to another country one had to dial 19 (instead of 00)

until 1994 December 17 Andorra
and until 1996 june 21 Monaco
were part of the French phonesystem
and both countries also had the country code +33

due to the reunification of Germany,
the country code of the DDR, East Germany +37
had become available.
It was used by the International Telecom Union to create
10 new country codes
which are mostly located in eastern

Europe.
Andorra received the country code +376,
Monaco which applied 2 years later the country code +377,
San Marino received the country code +378,
and the Vatican that was the next to apply +379

small anecdote: Prince Rainer of Monaco was very keen
to get Monaco out of the French phone system
as he wanted to do everything possible to guarantee Monaco´s
independance from France after his times.
The editor of whitepages.fr happened to be in Monaco in june 1996
and the concierge of the

Hotel Hermitage  
explained all these aspects of the phone changes
He had just bought his first GSM Phone a Sony CM-DX 1000
and it was a special feeling to travel with a phone in the hands
.

 

Текущая версия страницы пока не проверялась опытными участниками и может значительно отличаться от версии, проверенной 29 мая 2014; проверки требует 1 правка.

Телефонный план нумерации Франции — диапазоны телефонных номеров, выделяемых различным пользователям телефонной сети общего пользования во Франции, специальные номера и другие особенности набора для совершения телефонных вызовов. Все международные номера пользователей данной телефонной сети имеют общее начало +33 — называемый префиксом или телефонным кодом страны.

Нынешний телефонный план нумерации Франции действует с 18 октября 1996 года. В соответствии с ним телефонные номера во Франции, включая её Заморский департамент и некоторые из стран Заморского сообщества, состоят из 10 цифр.

5 географических регионов

Первые две цифры зависят от географической принадлежности абонента:

  • 01 — Париж и Иль-де-Франс
  • 02 — северо-запад Франции и владения в Индийском океане
  • 03 — северо-восток Франции
  • 04 — юго-восток Франции
  • 05 — юго-запад Франции и владения в Атлантическом океане
  • 06 и 07 — мобильные номера
  • 08 — номера особой тарификации (бесплатные 0800 и повышенной стоимости)
  • 09 — интернет-телефония

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