Глобальные проблемы экологические проблемы на английском

While the climate crisis has many factors that play a role in the exacerbation of the environment, some warrant more attention than others. Here are some of the biggest environmental problems of our lifetime, from deforestation and biodiversity loss to food waste and fast fashion.

1. Global Warming From Fossil Fuels

2023 was the hottest year on record, with global average temperatures at 1.46C above pre-industrial levels and 0.13C higher than the eleven-month average for 2016, currently the warmest calendar year on record. The year was marked by six record-breaking months and two record-breaking seasons.

What’s more, carbon dioxide (CO2) levels have never been so high. After being consistently around 280 parts per million (ppm) for almost 6,000 years of human civilisation, CO2 levels in the atmosphere are now well above 420 ppm, more than double what they were before the onset of the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century. According to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Administrator Rick Spinrad, the steady annual increase is a “direct result of human activity,” mainly from the burning of fossil fuels for transportation and electricity generation but also from cement manufacturing, deforestation, and agriculture.

This is undoubtedly one of the biggest environmental problems of our lifetime: as greenhouse gas emissions blanket the Earth, they trap the sun’s heat, leading to global warming.

Monthly mean carbon dioxide CO2 measured at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii. Image: Global Monitoring Laboratory

Monthly mean carbon dioxide (CO2) measured at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii. Image: Global Monitoring Laboratory

Increased emissions of greenhouse gases have led to a rapid and steady increase in global temperatures, which in turn is causing catastrophic events all over the world – from Australia and the US experiencing some of the most devastating bushfire seasons ever recorded, locusts swarming across parts of Africa, the Middle East and Asia, decimating crops, and a heatwave in Antarctica that saw temperatures rise above 20C for the first time. Scientists are constantly warning that the planet has crossed a series of tipping points that could have catastrophic consequences, such as advancing permafrost melt in Arctic regions, the Greenland ice sheet melting at an unprecedented rate, accelerating sixth mass extinction, and increasing deforestation in the Amazon rainforest, just to name a few.

The climate crisis is causing tropical storms and other weather events such as hurricanes, heatwaves and flooding to be more intense and frequent than seen before. However, even if all greenhouse gas emissions were halted immediately, global temperatures would continue to rise in the coming years. That is why it is absolutely imperative that we start now to drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions, invest in renewable energy sources, and phase our fossil fuels as fast as possible.

You might also like: The Tipping Points of Climate Change: How Will Our World Change?

2. Poor Governance

According to economists like Nicholas Stern, the climate crisis is a result of multiple market failures.

Economists and environmentalists have urged policymakers for years to increase the price of activities that emit greenhouse gases (one of our biggest environmental problems), the lack of which constitutes the largest market failure, for example through carbon taxes, which will stimulate innovations in low-carbon technologies.

To cut emissions quickly and effectively enough, governments must not only massively increase funding for green innovation to bring down the costs of low-carbon energy sources, but they also need to adopt a range of other policies that address each of the other market failures. 

A national carbon tax is currently implemented in 27 countries around the world, including various countries in the EU, Canada, Singapore, Japan, Ukraine and Argentina. However, according to the 2019 OECD Tax Energy Use report, current tax structures are not adequately aligned with the pollution profile of energy sources. For example, the OECD suggests that carbon taxes are not harsh enough on coal production, although it has proved to be effective for the electricity industry. A carbon tax has been effectively implemented in Sweden; the carbon tax is U$127 per tonne and has reduced emissions by 25% since 1995, while its economy has expanded 75% in the same time period. 

Further, organisations such as the United Nations are not fit to deal with the climate crisis: it was assembled to prevent another world war and is not fit for purpose. Anyway, members of the UN are not mandated to comply with any suggestions or recommendations made by the organisation. For example, the Paris Agreement, a historic deal within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), says that countries need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions significantly so that global temperature rise is below 2C by 2100, and ideally under 1.5C. But signing on to it is voluntary, and there are no real repercussions for non-compliance. Further, the issue of equity remains a contentious issue whereby developing countries are allowed to emit more in order to develop to the point where they can develop technologies to emit less, and it allows some countries, such as China, to exploit this. 

3. Food Waste

A third of the food intended for human consumption – around 1.3 billion tons – is wasted or lost. This is enough to feed 3 billion people. Food waste and loss account for approximately one-quarter of greenhouse gas emissions annually; if it was a country, food waste would be the third-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, behind China and the US. 

Food production accounts for around one-quarter – 26% – of global greenhouse gas emissions. Our World in Data

Food production accounts for around one-quarter – 26% – of global greenhouse gas emissions. Our World in Data

Food waste and loss occurs at different stages in developing and developed countries; in developing countries, 40% of food waste occurs at the post-harvest and processing levels, while in developed countries, 40% of food waste occurs at the retail and consumer levels. 

At the retail level, a shocking amount of food is wasted because of aesthetic reasons; in fact, in the US, more than 50% of all produce thrown away in the US is done so because it is deemed to be “too ugly” to be sold to consumers- this amounts to about 60 million tons of fruits and vegetables. This leads to food insecurity, another one of the biggest environmental problems on the list. 

You might also like: How Does Food Waste Affect the Environment?

4. Biodiversity Loss

The past 50 years have seen a rapid growth of human consumption, population, global trade and urbanisation, resulting in humanity using more of the Earth’s resources than it can replenish naturally. 

A 2020 WWF report found that the population sizes of mammals, fish, birds, reptiles and amphibians have experienced a decline of an average of 68% between 1970 and 2016. The report attributes this biodiversity loss to a variety of factors, but mainly land-use change, particularly the conversion of habitats, like forests, grasslands and mangroves, into agricultural systems. Animals such as pangolins, sharks and seahorses are significantly affected by the illegal wildlife trade, and pangolins are critically endangered because of it. 

More broadly, a recent analysis has found that the sixth mass extinction of wildlife on Earth is accelerating. More than 500 species of land animals are on the brink of extinction and are likely to be lost within 20 years; the same number were lost over the whole of the last century. The scientists say that without the human destruction of nature, this rate of loss would have taken thousands of years. 

In Antarctica, climate change-triggered melting of sea ice is taking a heavy toll on emperor penguins and could wipe out entire populations by as early as 2100, according to 2023 research.

You might also like: The Remarkable Benefits of Biodiversity

5. Plastic Pollution

In 1950, the world produced more than 2 million tons of plastic per year. By 2015, this annual production swelled to 419 million tons and exacerbating plastic waste in the environment. 

plastic packaging waste; plastic pollution; beverage single-use plastic bottles in landfill. Photo: PxHere

The world generates 300 million tonnes of plastic waste on average each year.

A report by science journal, Nature, determined that currently, roughly 14 million tons of plastic make their way into the oceans every year, harming wildlife habitats and the animals that live in them. The research found that if no action is taken, the plastic crisis will grow to 29 million metric tons per year by 2040. If we include microplastics into this, the cumulative amount of plastic in the ocean could reach 600 million tons by 2040.

Shockingly, National Geographic found that 91% of all plastic that has ever been made is not recycled, representing not only one of the biggest environmental problems of our lifetime, but another massive market failure. Considering that plastic takes 400 years to decompose, it will be many generations until it ceases to exist. There’s no telling what the irreversible effects of plastic pollution will have on the environment in the long run. 

You might also like: 8 Shocking Plastic Pollution Statistics to Know About

6. Deforestation

Every hour, forests the size of 300 football fields are cut down. By the year 2030, the planet might have only 10% of its forests; if deforestation isn’t stopped, they could all be gone in less than 100 years. 

The three countries experiencing the highest levels of deforestation are Brazil, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Indonesia. The Amazon, the world’s largest rainforest – spanning 6.9 million square kilometres (2.72 million square miles) and covering around 40% of the South American continent – is also one of the most biologically diverse ecosystems and is home to about three million species of plants and animals. Despite efforts to protect forest land, legal deforestation is still rampant, and about one-third of global tropical deforestation occurs in Brazil’s Amazon forest, amounting to 1.5 million hectares each year. 

deforestation

The world has been chopping down 10 million hectares of trees every year to make space to grow crops and livestock, and to produce materials such as paper.

Agriculture is the leading cause of deforestation, another one of the biggest environmental problems appearing on this list. Land is cleared to raise livestock or to plant other crops that are sold, such as sugar cane and palm oil. Besides for carbon sequestration, forests help to prevent soil erosion, because the tree roots bind the soil and prevent it from washing away, which also prevents landslides. 

You might also like: 10 Deforestation Facts You Should Know About

7. Air Pollution 

One of the biggest environmental problems today is outdoor air pollution.

Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) shows that an estimated 4.2 to 7 million people die from air pollution worldwide every year and that nine out of 10 people breathe air that contains high levels of pollutants. In Africa, 258,000 people died as a result of outdoor air pollution in 2017, up from 164,000 in 1990, according to UNICEF. Causes of air pollution mostly comes from industrial sources and motor vehicles, as well as emissions from burning biomass and poor air quality due to dust storms. 

According to a 2023 study, air pollution in South Asia – one of the most polluted areas in the world – cuts life expectancy by about 5 years. The study blames a series of factors, including a lack of adequate infrastructure and funding for the high levels of pollution in some countries. Most countries in Asia and Africa, which together contribute about 92.7% of life years lost globally due to air pollution, lack key air quality standards needed to develop adequate policies. Moreover, just 6.8% and 3.7% of governments in the two continents, respectively, provide their citizens with fully open-air quality data.

In Europe, a recent report by the European Environment Agency (EEA) showed that more than half a million people living in the European Union died from health issues directly linked to toxic pollutants exposure in 2021.

More on the topic: Less Than 1% of Global Land Area Has Safe Air Pollution Levels: Study

8. Melting Ice Caps and Sea Level Rise

The climate crisis is warming the Arctic more than twice as fast as anywhere else on the planet. Today, sea levels are rising more than twice as quickly as they did for most of the 20th century as a result of increasing temperatures on Earth. Seas are now rising an average of 3.2 mm per year globally and they will continue to grow up to about 0.7 metres by the end of this century. In the Arctic, the Greenland Ice Sheet poses the greatest risk for sea levels because melting land ice is the main cause of rising sea levels.

Representing arguably the biggest of the environmental problems, this is made all the more concerning considering that last year’s summer triggered the loss of 60 billion tons of ice from Greenland, enough to raise global sea levels by 2.2mm in just two months. According to satellite data, the Greenland ice sheet lost a record amount of ice in 2019: an average of a million tons per minute throughout the year, one of the biggest environmental problems that has cascading effects. If the entire Greenland ice sheet melts, sea level would rise by six metres.

Meanwhile, the Antarctic continent contributes about 1 millimetre per year to sea level rise, which is one-third of the annual global increase. According to 2023 data, the continent has lost approximately 7.5 trillion tons of ice since 1997. Additionally, the last fully intact ice shelf in Canada in the Arctic recently collapsed, having lost about 80 square kilometres – or 40% – of its area over a two-day period in late July, according to the Canadian Ice Service. 

Over 100,000 images taken from space allowed scientists to create a comprehensive record of the state of Antarctica’s ice shelves. Credit: 66 North/Unsplash

Antarctica has lost approximately 7.5 trillion tons of ice since 1997

Sea level rise will have a devastating impact on those living in coastal regions: according to research and advocacy group Climate Central, sea level rise this century could flood coastal areas that are now home to 340 million to 480 million people, forcing them to migrate to safer areas and contributing to overpopulation and strain of resources in the areas they migrate to. Bangkok (Thailand), Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam), Manila (Philippines), and Dubai (United Arab Emirates) are among the cities most at risk of sea level rise and flooding.

You might also like: Two-Thirds of World’s Glaciers Set to Disappear by 2100 Under Current Global Warming Scenario

9. Ocean Acidification

Global temperature rise has not only affected the surface, but it is the main cause of ocean acidification. Our oceans absorb about 30% of carbon dioxide that is released into the Earth’s atmosphere. As higher concentrations of carbon emissions are released thanks to human activities such as burning fossil fuels as well as effects of global climate change such as increased rates of wildfires, so do the amount of carbon dioxide that is absorbed back into the sea. 

The smallest change in the pH scale can have a significant impact on the acidity of the ocean. Ocean acidification has devastating impacts on marine ecosystems and species, its food webs, and provoke irreversible changes in habitat quality. Once pH levels reach too low, marine organisms such as oysters, their shells and skeleton could even start to dissolve. 

However, one of the biggest environmental problems from ocean acidification is coral bleaching and subsequent coral reef loss. This is a phenomenon that occurs when rising ocean temperatures disrupt the symbiotic relationship between the reefs and algae that lives within it, driving away the algae and causing coral reefs to lose their natural vibrant colours. Some scientists have estimated coral reefs are at risk of being completely wiped by 2050. Higher acidity in the ocean would obstruct coral reef systems’ ability to rebuild their exoskeletons and recover from these coral bleaching events. 

Some studies have also found that ocean acidification can be linked as one of the effects of plastic pollution in the ocean. The accumulating bacteria and microorganisms derived from plastic garbage dumped in the ocean to damage marine ecosystems and contribute towards coral bleaching.

10. Agriculture 

Studies have shown that the global food system is responsible for up to one-third of all human-caused greenhouse gas emissions, of which 30% comes from livestock and fisheries. Crop production releases greenhouse gases such as nitrous oxide through the use of fertilisers

60% of the world’s agricultural area is dedicated to cattle ranching, although it only makes up 24% of global meat consumption. 

Agriculture not only covers a vast amount of land, but it also consumes a vast amount of freshwater, another one of the biggest environmental problems on this list. While arable lands and grazing pastures cover one-third of Earth’s land surfaces, they consume three-quarters of the world’s limited freshwater resources.

Scientists and environmentalists have continuously warned that we need to rethink our current food system; switching to a more plant-based diet would dramatically reduce the carbon footprint of the conventional agriculture industry. 

You might also like: The Future of Farming: Can We Feed the World Without Destroying It?

11. Food and Water Insecurity

Rising temperatures and unsustainable farming practices have resulted in increasing water and food insecurity.

Globally, more than 68 billion tonnes of top-soil is eroded every year at a rate 100 times faster than it can naturally be replenished. Laden with biocides and fertiliser, the soil ends up in waterways where it contaminates drinking water and protected areas downstream. 

Furthermore, exposed and lifeless soil is more vulnerable to wind and water erosion due to lack of root and mycelium systems that hold it together. A key contributor to soil erosion is over-tilling: although it increases productivity in the short-term by mixing in surface nutrients (e.g. fertiliser), tilling is physically destructive to the soil’s structure and in the long-term leads to soil compaction, loss of fertility and surface crust formation that worsens topsoil erosion.

With the global population expected to reach 9 billion people by mid-century, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) projects that global food demand may increase by 70% by 2050. Around the world, more than 820 million people do not get enough to eat. 

The UN secretary-general António Guterres says, “Unless immediate action is taken, it is increasingly clear that there is an impending global food security emergency that could have long term impacts on hundreds of millions of adults and children.” He urged for countries to rethink their food systems and encouraged more sustainable farming practices. 

In terms of water security, only 3% of the world’s water is freshwater, and two-thirds of that is tucked away in frozen glaciers or otherwise unavailable for our use. As a result, some 1.1 billion people worldwide lack access to water, and a total of 2.7 billion find water scarce for at least one month of the year. By 2025, two-thirds of the world’s population may face water shortages. 

You might also like: Global Food Security: Why It Matters in 2023

12. Fast Fashion and Textile Waste

The global demand for fashion and clothing has risen at an unprecedented rate that the fashion industry now accounts for 10% of global carbon emissions, becoming one of the biggest environmental problems of our time. Fashion alone produces more greenhouse gas emissions than both the aviation and shipping sectors combined, and nearly 20% of global wastewater, or around 93 billion cubic metres from textile dyeing, according to the UN Environment Programme.

What’s more, the world at least generated an estimated 92 million tonnes of textiles waste every year and that number is expected to soar up to 134 million tonnes a year by 2030. Discarded clothing and textile waste, most of which is non-biodegradable, ends up in landfills, while microplastics from clothing materials such as polyester, nylon, polyamide, acrylic and other synthetic materials, is leeched into soil and nearby water sources. Monumental amounts of clothing textile are also dumped in less developed countries as seen with Chile’s Atacama, the driest desert in the world, where at least 39,000 tonnes of textile waste from other nations are left there to rot.

fast fashion waste

Of the 100 billion garments produced each year, 92 million tonnes end up in landfills.

This rapidly growing issue is only exacerbated by the ever-expanding fast fashion business model, in which companies relies on cheap and speedy production of low quality clothing to meet the latest and newest trends. While the United Nations Fashion Industry Charter for Climate Action sees signatory fashion and textile companies to commit to achieving net zero emission by 2050, a majority of businesses around the world have yet to address their roles in climate change.

While these are some of the biggest environmental problems plaguing our planet, there are many more that have not been mentioned, including overfishing, urban sprawl, toxic superfund sites and land use changes. While there are many facets that need to be considered in formulating a response to the crisis, they must be coordinated, practical and far-reaching enough to make enough of a difference. 

You might also like: Fast Fashion and Its Environmental Impact

13. Overfishing

Over three billion people around the world rely on fish as their primary source of protein. About 12% of the world relies upon fisheries in some form or another, with 90% of these being small-scale fishermen – think a small crew in a boat, not a ship, using small nets or even rods and reels and lures not too different from the kind you probably use. Of the 18.9 million fishermen in the world, 90% of them fall under the latter category.

Most people consume approximately twice as much food as they did 50 years ago and there are four times as many people on earth as there were at the close of the 1960s. This is one driver of the 30% of commercially fished waters being classified as being ‘overfished’. This means that the stock of available fishing waters is being depleted faster than it can be replaced.

Overfishing comes with detrimental effects on the environment, including increased algae in the water, destruction of fishing communities, ocean littering as well as extremely high rates of biodiversity loss.

As part of the United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 14), the UN and FAO are working towards maintaining the proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels. This, however, requires much stricter regulations of the world’s oceans than the ones already in place. In July 2022, the WTO banned fishing subsidies to reduce global overfishing in a historic deal. Indeed, subsidies for fuel, fishing gear, and building new vessels, only incentivise overfishing and represent thus a huge problem. 

You might also like: 7 Solutions to Overfishing We Need Right Now

14. Cobalt Mining

Cobalt is quickly becoming the defining example of the mineral conundrum at the heart of the renewable energy transition. As a key component of battery materials that power electric vehicles (EVs), cobalt is facing a sustained surge in demand as decarbonisation efforts progress. The world’s largest cobalt supplier is the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), where it is estimated that up to a fifth of the production is produced through artisanal miners.

Cobalt mining, however, is associated with dangerous workers’ exploitation and other serious environmental and social issues. The environmental costs of cobalt mining activities are also substantial. Southern regions of the DRC are not only home to cobalt and copper, but also large amounts of uranium. In mining regions, scientists have made note of high radioactivity levels. In addition, mineral mining, similar to other industrial mining efforts, often produces pollution that leaches into neighbouring rivers and water sources. Dust from pulverised rock is known to cause breathing problems for local communities as well.

15. Soil Degradation

Organic matter is a crucial component of soil as it allows it to absorb carbon from the atmosphere. Plants absorb CO2 from the air naturally and effectively through photosynthesis and part of this carbon is stored in the soil as soil organic carbon (SOC). Healthy soil has a minimum of 3-6% organic matter. However, almost everywhere in the world, the content is much lower than that.

According to the United Nations, about 40% of the planet’s soil is degraded. Soil degradation refers to the loss of organic matter, changes in its structural condition and/or decline in soil fertility and it is often the result of human activities, such as traditional farming practices including the use of toxic chemicals and pollutants. If business as usual continued through 2050, experts project additional degradation of an area almost the size of South America. But there is more to it. If we do not change our reckless practices and step up to preserve soil health, food security for billions of people around the world will be irreversibly compromised, with an estimated 40% less food expected to be produced in 20 years’ time despite the world’s population projected to reach 9.3 billion people.

Featured image by Earth.Org Photographer Roy Mangersnes

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В статье перечисляются самые большие экологические проблемы, с которыми сталкивается наша планета сегодня, и краатко поясняется, почему они имеют большое значение для нашей жизни.

1. Climate Change — Изменение климата

Изменение климата — главная экологическая проблема, с которой сегодня сталкивается планета.
Статистика утверждает, что с 1880 года глобальные температуры выросли на 1,7 градуса по Фаренгейту, что напрямую связано с сокращением арктического льда на 13,3% за десятилетие.

Последствия изменения климата широко распространены, поскольку это вызовет проблемы с обезлесением, водоснабжением, океанами и экосистемами.

Изменение климата и многие факторы, способствующие выбросам, могут привести к катастрофическим проблемам в будущем.

Необходимо приложить больше усилий, чтобы устранить основные экологические проблемы, которые затрагивают нас сегодня. Если этого не произойдет, существует вероятность, что большие участки планеты станут необитаемыми в будущем.

Хорошей новостью является то, что многие из этих проблем можно контролировать. Внося коррективы, человечество может оказывать прямое и положительное влияние на окружающую среду.

2. Polar Ice Caps — Полярные льды

экологические проблемы - polar ice caps

Вопрос о таянии полярных ледяных шапок является спорным. В то время как исследования НАСА показали, что количество льда в Антарктиде на самом деле увеличивается, это увеличение составляет лишь треть от того, что теряется в Арктике.

Существуют убедительные доказательства того, что уровень моря повышается, а таяние арктических ледяных шапок является основной причиной. Со временем это может привести к обширным наводнениям, загрязнению питьевой воды и серьезным изменениям в экосистемах.

3. Transportation — Транспорт

экологические проблемы - транспорт

Постоянно растущее население нуждается в транспорте, большая часть которого подпитывается природными ресурсами, выделяющими парниковые газы, такими как нефть. В 2014 году на долю транспорта пришлось 26% всех выбросов парниковых газов.

Транспорт также затрагивает другие экологические проблемы, такие как разрушение естественной среды обитания и увеличение загрязнения воздуха.

4. Natural Resource Use — Использование природных ресурсов

экологические проблемы - использование природных ресурсов

Недавние исследования показали, что человечество использует так много природных ресурсов, что нам потребуется почти 1,5 Земли для удовлетворения наших потребностей. Это будет только увеличиваться, поскольку индустриализация продолжается в таких странах, как Китай и Индия.

Увеличение использования ресурсов связано с рядом других экологических проблем, таких как загрязнение воздуха и рост населения. Со временем истощение этих ресурсов приведет к энергетическому кризису, а химические вещества, выделяемые многими природными ресурсами, вносят значительный вклад в изменение климата.

5. The Nitrogen Cycle — Круговорот азота

экологические проблемы - круговорот азота

Поскольку основное внимание уделяется углеродному циклу, последствия использования человеком азота часто оказываются вне поля зрения. Предполагается, что сельское хозяйство может отвечать за половину связывания азота на земле, главным образом за счет использования и производства искусственных удобрений.

Избыточное содержание азота в воде может вызвать проблемы в морских экосистемах, в первую очередь из-за чрезмерной стимуляции роста растений и водорослей. Это может привести к заблокированным водозаборам и меньшему количеству света, попадающему в более глубокие воды, нанося ущерб остальному морскому населению.

6. Lowered Biodiversity — Снижение биологических ресурсов

экологические проблемы - снижение биологических ресурсов -

Продолжающаяся человеческая деятельность привела к снижению биоразнообразия. Отсутствие биоразнообразия означает, что будущие поколения будут вынуждены бороться с растущей уязвимостью растений к вредителям и меньшим количеством источников пресной воды.

Некоторые исследования показали, что сокращение биологического разнообразия оказывает такое же сильное влияние, как изменение климата и загрязнение экосистем, особенно в районах с более высоким уровнем исчезновения видов.

7. Air Pollution — Загрязнение воздуха

экологические проблемы - загрязнение воздуха

Загрязнение воздуха становится все более опасной проблемой, особенно в густонаселенных городах. Всемирная организация здравоохранения (ВОЗ) установила, что 80% людей, живущих в городских районах, подвергаются воздействию уровня качества воздуха, который организация считает непригодным.

Это также напрямую связано с другими экологическими проблемами, такими как кислотные дожди и эвтрофикация. Животные и люди также подвержены риску развития ряда проблем со здоровьем из-за загрязнения воздуха.

8. Ocean Acidification — Закисление океана

экологические проблемы - закисление океана

Закисление океана — это термин, используемый для описания продолжающегося снижения уровня PH в океанах Земли в результате выбросов углекислого газа. Предполагается, что к 2100 году кислотность океана увеличится на 150%, если не будут предприняты попытки остановить ее.

Это увеличение подкисления может оказать страшное влияние на кальцифицирующие виды, такие как моллюски. Это вызывает проблемы во всей пищевой цепи и может привести к сокращению водной жизни, которое в противном случае не было бы затронуто подкислением.

9. Ozone Layer Depletion — Истощение озонового слоя

экологические проблемы - истощение озонового слоя

Истощение озонового слоя вызвано выбросом химических веществ, прежде всего хлора и брома, в атмосферу. Один атом может уничтожить тысячи молекул озона, прежде чем покинуть стратосферу.

Истощение озонового слоя приводит к увеличению УФ-излучения, достигающего поверхности Земли. Ультрафиолетовое излучение вызывает рак кожи, заболевания глаз, а также влияет на жизнь растений и на сокращение количества планктона в морской среде.

10. Acid Rain — Кислотный дождь

экологические проблемы - кислотный дождь

Кислотные дожди возникают в результате загрязнения воздуха, в основном из-за химических веществ, выделяющихся в окружающую среду при сжигании топлива. Его последствия наиболее отчетливо видны в водных экосистемах, где повышение кислотности в воде может привести к гибели животных.

Это также вызывает различные проблемы для деревьев. Хотя это не убивает деревья напрямую, кислотные дожди ослабляют их, повреждая листья, отравляя деревья и ограничивая доступное количество питательных веществ.

11. Overfishing — Чрезмерный рыбный промысел

экологические проблемы - чрезмерный рыбный промысел

По оценкам, 63% мировых рыбных запасов в настоящее время считаются истощенными. Это привело к тому, что многие рыболовные флоты направляются в новые воды, что приведет только к дальнейшему истощению рыбных запасов.

Чрезмерный вылов рыбы приводит к дисбалансу жизни океана, серьезно влияя на природные экосистемы. Кроме того, это также оказывает негативное влияние на прибрежные сообщества, которые полагаются на рыболовство для поддержки своей экономики.

12. Urban Sprawl — Застройка городов

экологические проблемы - застройка городов

Продолжающаяся экспансия городских территорий в традиционно сельские районы не обходится без проблем. Разрастание городов было связано с экологическими проблемами, такими как увеличение загрязнения воздуха и воды, в дополнение к созданию тепловых островов.

Спутниковые снимки, сделанные НАСА, также показали, как разрастание городов способствует фрагментации лесов, что часто приводит к увеличению обезлесения.

13. Deforestation — Вырубка лесов

экологические проблемы - вырубка лесов

Требования растущего населения привели к увеличению уровня обезлесения. Согласно текущим оценкам, планета теряет 80 000 акров тропических лесов в день.

Это приводит к потере среды обитания для многих видов, подвергая риску многие виды и приводя к крупномасштабному вымиранию. Кроме того, по оценкам, вырубка лесов дает 15% мировых выбросов парниковых газов.

14. Water Pollution Загрязнение воды

экологические проблемы - загрязнение воды

Пресная вода имеет решающее значение для жизни на Земле, но все больше источников загрязняются в результате деятельности человека каждый год. В глобальном масштабе ежедневно в воду попадает 2 миллиона тонн сточных вод, сельскохозяйственных и промышленных отходов.

Загрязнение воды может иметь вредные последствия вне загрязнения воды, которую мы пьем. Это также нарушает морскую флору и фауну, иногда изменяя репродуктивные циклы и повышая уровень смертности.

15. Population Growth — Рост населения

экологические проблемы - рост населения

Многие из перечисленных здесь проблем являются результатом массового роста населения, который произошел на Земле в прошлом веке. Население планеты увеличивается на 1,13% в год, что составляет 80 миллионов человек.

Это приводит к ряду проблем, таких как нехватка пресной воды, потеря среды обитания для диких животных, чрезмерное использование природных ресурсов и даже исчезновение видов. Последнее особенно вредно, поскольку планета в настоящее время теряет 30 000 видов в год.

16. Waste Production — Производство отходов

экологические проблемы - производство отходов

Среднестатистический человек производит 4,3 фунта отходов в день, причем только на США приходится 220 миллионов тонн в год. Большая часть этих отходов попадает на свалки, которые производят огромное количество метана.

Это не только создает опасность взрыва, но метан также считается одним из худших парниковых газов из-за его высокого потенциала глобального потепления.

17. Genetic Modification of Crops — Генетическая модификация культур

экологические проблемы - ГМО

Экологические проблемы, вызванные искусственными химикатами, становятся более ясными. Например, в Соединенных Штатах популяция бабочек-монархов сократилась на 90%, что может быть связано с убийцами сорняков, которые содержат глифосат.

Существует также предположение, что генетически модифицированные растения могут проникать через почву химических соединений в почву, что может повлиять на сообщества микроорганизмов.

The impact that human activities have on the environment around us is indisputable and more studies are being conducted each year to show the extent of the issue.
Влияние человеческой деятельности на окружающую среду неоспоримо, и каждый год проводится все больше исследований, чтобы показать как разрастаются экологические проблемы.

From erratic rain patterns to hotter summers than ever to increased floods and hurricanes to higher rates of animal extinction and more people dying from hunger, we are currently grappling with numerous environmental issues.

Since the Industrial Revolution, the extraction and processing of raw materials have altered the environment. It’s facing many problems that need to be solved for the planet to heal.

Environmental issues today are complex and interconnected. They impact every organism on the planet. If we don’t unite and do everything we can, we’ll lose our world faster than we can imagine.

To start healing the earth, we first need to understand what’s ailing it. Below, we examine some of the most pressing global environmental issues.

13 Biggest Environmental Problems Today

So when we talk about environmental problems, what exactly are we referring to? We highlight the most significant issues that need immediate intervention:

1. Plastic Pollution

Plastics are everywhere. Just look around; there’s something plastic near you. Whether in your office, your home, the beach, or the road next to your house, there’s plastic everywhere. While plastic items are cheap and convenient, plastic waste is today’s most significant global environmental issue.

The high demand for disposal products has led to an increase in plastic. Since plastic is non-biodegradable, it accumulates in the environment. Plastic contains chemical additives that are harmful to humans and animals. People are also ingesting microplastics putting their health at risk.

Plastics kill millions of animals every year through strangulation and starvation. Oceans and waterways are chockful of plastic debris. The chemicals from the waste pollute water. Burning plastic products poisons the air by releasing harmful chemicals.

The plastic problem is indeed a big one, and if we don’t do more to reduce our plastic use, our planet will be entirely consumed by plastic by 2050.

Related article: Plastic Pollution Causes & Effects: What Are the Solutions to Stop it?

2. Melting Ice Caps

10% of the world’s landmass is covered in ice. Ice caps and glaciers are critical because they cool our planet by reflecting excessive heat. Imagine a hot summer afternoon, you’ve just returned from a trip to the store in the burning heat, and you open your fridge for a cool drink. Then the cool air hits your face. That satisfying cooling effect you feel is similar to what ice caps and glaciers do to the planet.

Many glaciers around the world are now melting. This is due to the rise in global temperatures caused by the emissions of greenhouse gases. 95% of the oldest and thickest ice in the arctic is already gone. The earth is losing a trillion tons of ice every year. Glaciers are melting into the sea, causing a rise in sea levels. Weather patterns are being disrupted, affecting the food supply for humans and animals. The more the ice melts, the worse the disruption.

3. Biodiversity Loss

Biodiversity loss is the decline of nonhuman species such as plants, animals, and insects worldwide. For us (humans) to continue surviving, we need a healthy ecosystem that provides clean air, water, and food. The more biodiversity loss happens, the more these life-sustaining functions are disrupted.

Habitat loss and degradation are reducing food supply and living space for organisms. Overexploitation of natural resources has caused a decline in the populations of animals and plants. Pollution from industrial activities is poisoning the environment and killing species. Today an estimated one million species are facing extinction.

4. Global Warming

The term global warming is being thrown around daily. But do we really understand what it is and its repercussions? Global warming is the increase in the earth’s temperature. This is due to the release of greenhouse gases which trap heat in the atmosphere. Human activities are directly responsible for global warming. Burning fossil fuels and other industrial activities have caused the emission of gases such as carbon dioxide.

Global warming has resulted in some of the hottest years in the 21st century. The rise in temperatures is causing longer and hotter heat waves, frequent droughts, floods, and hurricanes. Glaciers are disappearing, sea levels are rising, and habitat loss and pandemics are now the norms.

Related article: What Is Global Warming? Causes, Effects, and Solutions

5. Deforestation

Deforestation is the decrease in forest cover around the world. This is due to agriculture which causes almost 80% of global deforestation. Forests are cleared to make way for infrastructure.

It may not seem like such a big issue, but when people cut down trees faster than they can grow them, millions of species, including humans, lose their homes. With this loss comes more reduction in biodiversity.

Deforestation threatens the livelihood of 1.6 billion people globally who depend on forests. Cutting down trees leads to soil erosion, reducing soil’s nutrients. Forests absorb carbon dioxide. Deforestation, therefore, leads to the retention of carbon dioxide from the environment leading to global warming.

6. Air Pollution

Air pollution is the release of pollutants into the air. These pollutants are detrimental to humans, plants, animals, and the environment. Air pollution is caused by burning fossil fuels, industrial emissions, agriculture, and transportation.

Air pollution is responsible for millions of premature deaths yearly. Animals suffer from illnesses and birth effects due to air pollution. Pollutants in the air cause acid rain, damage plants, and poison water sources. The emission of greenhouse gases is causing global temperatures to rise.

7. Climate Change

Here’s another buzzword: Climate change. But no, it’s not just a buzzword. Climate change is already here and already impacting the world. The temperatures are warmer, and the weather patterns have become erratic. This has resulted in intense droughts, frequent wildfires, water scarcity, flooding, animal extinction, and rising sea levels.

Human activities—such as manufacturing and transporting various goods—are the primary drivers of climate change. The more we burn fossil fuels, the more greenhouse gases are emitted into the atmosphere. These gases act like a blanket, trapping heat near the earth’s surface. Greenhouse gas concentrations are at their highest in 2 million years.

8. Fossil Fuels

We need heat energy to meet our electricity needs, power our vehicles, and warm our homes. People have been burning fossil fuels such as oil and gas as the primary source of this energy for the past century. While this is a process used to meet a genuine need, burning these fuels emits carbon dioxide, which makes up 65% of the greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming.

Another issue with fossil fuels is that you need massive tracks of land to extract them. Forests and other habitats are destroyed to expose underground coal or oil.

Oil spills are causing several environmental issues today, including contamination of the environment, air pollution, and greenhouse emissions.

9. Food Waste

How often have you thrown food in the bin even after swearing that that’s the last time? It may seem like a harmful habit, but food waste is a major environmental issue, especially when 800 million people go hungry every night.

Between 33-50% of all food produced globally ends up in the trash. 50% of this food is from our homes.

The sad part is that much land and water are used to produce food left uneaten. A lot of carbon dioxide is also produced during food processing, and when the food is thrown in the trash, it emits methane. These greenhouse gases get trapped in the atmosphere contributing to climate change.

Related article: Food Waste Statistics: 15 Shocking Facts About Food Waste

10. Rising Sea Levels

Sea levels have increased by 8-9 inches since 1880. This rapid increase is primarily due to global warming. Global warming causes glaciers and ice sheets to melt, and water rises. The melting also results in warmer oceans leading to thermal expansion. As the oceans expand, coastal communities experience chronic flooding.

Sea levels are projected to rise by 6–10 inches by 2030 and 14-16 inches by 2050. These sea levels are expected to cause up to 60% of America’s oceanfront communities to experience chronic flooding. It will also submerge and erode wildlife habitats, leading to massive animal and marine wildlife loss.

11. Ocean Acidification

Ocean acidification is the process in which the oceans become more acidic due to the increased uptake of carbon dioxide. Our oceans are now 28% more acidic than in the 1700s.

The leading cause of ocean acidification is the burning of fossil fuels. Burning fossil fuel releases billions of tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. The excess carbon dioxide is then absorbed into the oceans, causing a drop in pH. If we don’t intervene, there could be an ecological collapse in the world’s oceans, and many marine species could go extinct.

12. Industrial Agriculture & Farming

The human population is growing by the day. This population comes with increased needs, among them food. The high demand for food had led to agricultural companies practicing intensive farming.

Intensive farming is the extensive use of farmlands to produce the highest yield possible. It requires the extensive use of fertilizer, pesticides, irrigation, and heavy machinery. The chemicals used cause illnesses among humans who work on the farms. They pollute the land and nearby water sources.

Industrial farming leaches the soil of its fertility. Pesticides, insecticides, and herbicides cause the deaths of plants and animals. Industrial agriculture is believed to be a significant emitter of greenhouse gases—more than the transportation industry.

13. Water Scarcity

You’ve probably never had to go a day without drinking water, so it’s understandable if you’ve not paid too much attention to water scarcity. The grim reality is that billions of people experience water shortages.

Overexploitation and wastage of water are significant causes of water scarcity. Other causes of water scarcity include:

  • Pollution which contaminates water, making it unsafe for consumption.
  • The rise in global temperatures leading to the drying up of water sources.
  • The rapid population growth resulting in the demand for water outstripping the supply.

Water scarcity leads to the premature deaths of humans and animals. It destroys ecosystems as water is necessary for animals and plants to live.

Other Problems With The Environment

Other than the above 13 environmental issues, we also have other little known global environmental issues that also need our urgent attention before they get out of hand. These are:

Overfishing

Overfishing is the practice of catching more fish than the population can replenish naturally. This practice is a big problem because it disrupts ocean ecosystems. It also affects billions of people who rely on seafood as either a source of income or food. Without intervention, overfishing will cause food insecurity for humans and cause the extinction of animals such as sharks and whales due to lack of food.

Animal Extinction

While animal extinction is a natural process that will always occur as long as there’s life on earth, the current rate at which species die is worrisome. Animals are currently going extinct 1,000–10,000 times more than usual.

Every species plays a role in an ecosystem, so ecosystems get altered when extinction happens. The death of one species has a domino effect on the rest of the ecosystem. Mass extinction alters food production as 75% of all crops are pollinated by animals and insects.

Habitat loss caused by human activities is the most significant cause of animal extinction. Climate change and invasive species kill many animals every year.

Textile and Fashion Waste

We’re buying more clothes than ever and cycling through those clothes quickly. Globally, an estimated 92 million tons of textiles are wasted every year. In the US, 13 million tons end up in landfills or burned. By 2030, we are expected to discard 134 million tons of textile annually.

The production of textiles uses chemicals like petroleum. It also requires the use of large amounts of water.

Textile and fashion waste causes numerous environmental issues. The industry is responsible for 10% of greenhouse gas emissions and 20% of global wastewater. The disposal of textiles pollutes the environment, degrades ecosystems, and clogs waterways.

Related article: Fashion & Textile Waste Statistics: Facts About Clothing In Landfills

Ozone layer depletion

The ozone layer absorbs 97-99% of the harmful ultraviolet radiation coming from the sun. This layer has been thinning gradually due to toxic chemicals released by human activities. These chemicals destroy the ozone molecules faster than they’re produced.

A thin ozone layer allows ultraviolet radiation to reach the earth’s surface. Ultraviolet radiation causes skin cancer in both humans and animals. Cancer rates are highest in places where the ozone layer is thinnest. Ultraviolet radiation also impacts the development of plants.

Overpopulation

There are more people than the planet can support. The global population has been increasing at an unsustainable rate for centuries. This is thanks to falling mortality rates, technological improvements, and poor contraceptive use.

Overpopulation has caused several environmental concerns, such as depletion of natural resources, habitat loss, and high consumption of fossil fuels. Meeting the demand of an ever-growing population has altered the environment for the worse.

Environmental issues facing the world can be depressing to think about. It seems everywhere we look, there’s a new issue cropping up. We shouldn’t despair, though. There are solutions to these environmental challenges. We just need to educate ourselves on the issues affecting our planet and then do our part to curb them.

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  StellaWriter

Stella is a writer and mother from Thika, Kenya.

Her love for nature and the beautiful Kenyan outdoors has inspired Stella to consciously make an effort to lead a more sustainable, eco-friendly lifestyle.

The global environmental problems represent a danger to the Earth if it wants to remain a habitable habitat for humans and other species.

With so many natural disasters, global warming, cooling periods and changing weather patterns, people should be more aware of the kind of environmental problems the planet is facing.


Top 10 Global Environmental Problems

He global warming has become an indisputable fact; our planet is warming up and humans have been the cause of that.

However, this is not the only environmental problem that should be of concern to people. Throughout the world, people face a lot of environmental problems every day.

Some of these are small and only affect a few ecosystem s, but others are drastically changing the landscape of the environments we already know.

Today’s environmental problems make us more vulnerable to disasters and tragedies, now and in the future. Current environmental problems require urgent attention.

List of the 10 most serious environmental problems on the planet

1- Global warming

Climate change such as global warming is the result of human practices such as the emission of greenhouse gases.

Global warming leads to higher temperatures in the oceans and on the Earth’s surface, causing melting of polar ice sheets, rising sea levels, and unnatural precipitation patterns such as flooding, excessive snow and desertification.

2 — Deforestation

Species-rich forests are being destroyed, especially in the tropics, often to make room for livestock rearing, palm oil plantations, soy plantations and other agricultural monocultures.

Today, about 30% of the planet’s surface is covered by forests, and about 18 million hectares are destroyed each year. Almost all of this deforestation comes from logging and burning.

Natural forests not only act as biodiversity reserves, they also help keep coal out of the atmosphere and oceans.

3- Pollution

Air, water, and soil pollution require millions of years to clean. Industries and motor vehicles are the main source of pollutants on the planet. Heavy metals, nitrates and plastic are toxins responsible for pollution.

The water contamination is caused by oil spills, acid rain, and urban waste.

The air pollution is caused by the various gases and toxins released by the industries and by the combustion of fuels.

Finally, soil pollution is caused by industrial waste

4- Acidification of the ocean

This is a direct impact of the excessive production of carbon dioxide; 25% of carbon dioxide is produced by humans.

The acidity of the ocean has increased over the last 250 years but by 2,100 this amount can be increased to 150%.

The main impact can be found in mollusks and plankton in the same way as osteoporosis in humans.

5- Extinction of the species

On the ground, wild animals are hunted to extinction to obtain their meat, ivory, or ‘medicinal products’. At sea, large industrial ships eliminate entire populations of fish.

Species not only deserve to exist intrinsically, they also provide essential products and services to humans. For example, bees and pollination are necessary for crops.

Habitat loss and destruction are also major contributing factors to extinction waves, unprecedented since this is caused by humans. The list of endangered species continues to grow at an alarming rate.

6- Acid rain

The acid rain occurs due to the presence of certain pollutants in the atmosphere. It can be caused due to the combustion of fuels, volcanoes, or rotting vegetation.

It is an environmental problem that can have a serious effect on human health, wildlife and aquatic species.

7- Water pollution

Drinking clean water is becoming a rare commodity. Water is becoming an economic and political problem as the human population fights for this resource.

Industrial development is filling rivers, seas, and oceans with toxic pollutants that are a major threat to human health. One of the suggested options to avoid this problem is to use a desalination process.

8- Public health problems

Current environmental problems pose a great risk to the health of humans and animals. Dirty water is the greatest global health risk and a major threat to the quality of life and public health.

River runoff has many toxins, chemicals and organisms that cause disease.

Contaminants cause respiratory problems such as asthma and cardiovascular problems. High temperatures increase the spread of infectious diseases such as dengue.

9- Soil degradation

Excessive grazing, monoculture plantations, erosion, soil compaction, overexposure to pollutants, and conversion of land use are just some of the ways soil is being damaged.

According to official estimates, about 12 million hectares of farms are seriously degraded each year.

Since food safety depends on keeping the soil in good condition, you need to find appropriate solutions to this problem.

To address this problem there are programs of soil conservation and restoration techniques, although they are not enough to eliminate the problem for the moment.

10- Waste disposal

Over-consumption of resources and creation of plastics are creating a global waste disposal crisis. Developed countries are famous for producing an excessive amount of litter and releasing these wastes into the oceans.

Waste of nuclear waste poses major health risks. Plastic, fast food, packaging and cheap electronic waste threaten the well-being of humans.

Waste disposal is one of the most urgent environmental problems today.

References

  1. Environmental problem. Retrieved from conserve-energy-future.com
  2. Five of the worlds biggest environmental problems (2016). Retrieved from dw.com
  3. The top five environmental issues humanity should be thinking about in 2013. Retrieved from inhabitat.com
  4. Top 10 environmental issues. Retrieved from planetearthherald.com.

environmental problems

Our planet is continually facing various environmental problems. Most of them come from the overexploitation of natural resources at such an accelerated rate that it cannot be regenerated at the same speed. All this entails a degradation of the environment as a result of abusive consumption by human beings. Human consumption is based on the acquisition of products beyond our regeneration capacities.

In this article we are going to tell you about the various environmental problems our planet faces and what their serious consequences are.

perdida de biodiversidad

Climate change and air pollution

The earth is facing climate change because the temperature is getting higher and higher, and this is accelerated due to human activities, that is, we have driven humans and increased greenhouse gas emissions.

Facing it requires a global commitment, in which all countries must reduce the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. For this, it is necessary to bet on renewable energy, public transport and cars that use clean energy, and pass laws that regulate emissions from the industry.

Air pollution, that is, the presence of pollutants in the air, has both natural and man-made causes. The biggest factors that cause air pollution are: mining for the use of chemical products and the heavy machinery necessary for its development, deforestation, increased transportation related to the burning of fossil fuels, fires and the use of pesticides in agriculture.

To reduce it, measures such as promoting public transport, consuming fossil fuels responsibly, building more green areas or reducing consumption can be taken to reduce the generation of waste.

Acid rain and deforestation

Acid rain is a precipitation composed of water and toxic waste, especially acid from vehicles, industries or other types of machinery. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to control polluting emissions, shut down non-compliant industries and reduce the sulfur content of fuels or promote and invest in renewable energy.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) determines which countries in South America and Africa they are most affected by deforestation due to unsustainable agriculture and overexploitation of wood. Although the proportion of forest fires is relatively low, they are also the cause of the loss of thousands of trees in different parts of the world each year.

Soil degradation and contamination

degradacion del suelo

When soil degrades, it loses its physical and chemical properties, so it can no longer provide services such as agriculture or ecosystem services. The reasons for soil degradation are caused by different factors: intensive logging, extensive agriculture, overgrazing, forest fires, construction of water resources or overexploitation.

The solution to avoid or minimize this problem is to implement environmental policies that regulate land use. The use of harmful agricultural technologies (use of pesticides, pesticides and fertilizers or sewage or polluting rivers), improper disposal of urban garbage, infrastructure construction, mining, industry, livestock and sewage are the most common causes. common soil contamination.

The use of harmful agricultural technologies (the use of pesticides, pesticides and fertilizers or sewage or polluted rivers), improper disposal of urban waste, infrastructure construction, mining, industry, livestock and sewage are the causes most common types of soil contamination.

This contamination can be reduced through solutions such as good urban planning, recycling and not discarding waste into the environment, the prohibition of illegal sanitary landfills and the standardization of mining and industrial waste management.

Environmental problems in urban environments

problemas medioambientales del planeta

Waste management and lack of recycling

Overcrowding and the lifestyles of implanted consumers are causing an increase in the production of waste and, therefore, an increase in the exploitation of natural resources threatened by depletion. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to educate and emphasize the circular economy through activities such as reduction, recycling or reuse.

Although in many countries, especially in developed countries, if waste management is carried out and there are entities for its elimination. There are also many countries that do not recycle. In addition to increased extraction of new natural resources, the lack of recycling results in the accumulation of large amounts of waste in landfills. Regarding the lack of recycling, it is important to raise awareness and educate the public, but the government must also commit itself so that good waste management is achieved.

Use of plastics and ecological footprint

They have established a disposable culture for us and provide us with a more comfortable lifestyle, which is particularly prominent in plastic products. The ocean is the most affected by plastic production, because this waste will eventually reach the ocean, affecting the health of marine species and later the health of terrestrial species, including us. The solution should be to reduce the use of plastics and find other types of packaging that are more environmentally friendly.

The ecological footprint is an environmental indicator, which refers to the impact of a person on the environment, indicating how much production territory they need to produce the resources used and obtain the waste generated. Irresponsible consumption and globalization mean that the global and individual ecological footprint is increasing.

Environmental problems at the biological level

The ecosystem has deteriorated due to the transformations it has undergone, whether for agriculture, livestock, the expansion of urban centers, industrial implantation, overexploitation of the natural environment, or acts such as the introduction of non-native species, hunting illegal. Pollution and other human activities are the main environmental problems of biodiversity loss. To find a solution, in addition to educating people to respect the natural environment, the natural space must also be protected by law.

There are markets for illegally traded species that capture and trade organisms from their homeland, eventually reaching other areas where the species is considered invasive. Due to competition for territory and food, and the spread of new diseases in the area, invasive species may eventually replace native species.

I hope that with this information you can learn more about the various environmental problems facing our planet.

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