Факты о великобритании на английском 6 класс

Great Britain is a country with a rich history and culture. Here, as many as six languages are officially recognized, and all schoolchildren are required to learn a second language up to a certain point (most often they choose French and German). Here are 35 more interesting facts about this country:

1. Tea is the most popular drink in the UK. The British drink about 165 million cups of this drink every day. Interestingly, in the United States, tea is drunk 20 times less often.

2. London is home to nearly 9 million people who communicate in a wide variety of languages. It is estimated that over 300 languages are spoken simultaneously in this city.

3. The first postage stamp was invented in Great Britain. It was created in 1840 and featured Queen Victoria.

4. Typical food in Great Britain is roast beef and Yorkshire beef, but the British have chosen as their national dish … chicken tikku masala (in fact, this is an Indian recipe). And this is not surprising: Indian restaurants are ubiquitous in the UK. There are more of them in London than in major Indian cities such as New Delhi or Mumbai.

5. Queen Elizabeth II reigned longer than any other queens in the world.

6. In August 1896, Great Britain and the Sultanate of Zanzibar fought for about 40 minutes, and it was the shortest war in history. Only one British sailor was wounded, while there were 500 casualties in the enemy camp.

7. English is the official language of Great Britain, but there are many accents throughout the country. The accent changes so often that after a few kilometers you can hear a completely different pronunciation.

8. British writer and author of the Harry Potter saga J.K. Rowling became the first billionaire writer. In 2014, her income reached one billion dollars.

9. British passports are issued in the name of the Queen, and if so, Her Excellency is not entitled to a passport. Which, however, did not prevent Queen Elizabeth II from visiting more than 100 pages

10. Oxford University is the oldest institution of higher education in the UK. Until 1877, his teachers were not allowed to marry.

11. Llanwire-Pullguingill is the longest-named village in Wales. It was invented by a tailor, and translated into Russian it looks like this: Llanweirpullguingillgogerihuirndrobullantisiliogogogoh Not quite according to the rules for constructing Welsh names, but it attracts tourists.

12. The Union Jack or Union Flag is the national flag of Great Britain. It is a combination of the Scottish, English and Saint Patrick (Ireland) flags. Sorry Wales.

13. Royal weddings are national holidays in the UK. Employees are entitled to a day off on the day following the ceremony.

14. Becoming a taxi driver in London is not easy. First you need to pass the test for orientation on the terrain — without maps and navigators.

15. Fordwich is the smallest city in Great Britain with only about 400 inhabitants.

16. The smallest statue in London depicts two mice fighting over a piece of cheese. The history of this tiny sculpture is quite tragic. During the construction of this monument, two builders were killed in an argument over a sandwich, which, as it turned out, ate a mouse.

17. In Great Britain there is no Constitution — a printed document that is the fundamental law of the country. The customary law makes itself felt.

18. The UK has 394,000 kilometers of paved roads. Enough to drive them around the world ten times.

19. There are more English speakers in the United States, India, Pakistan, Nigeria and the Philippines than in the UK itself.

20. The British have a habit of calling pubs the same: about 500 pubs in the country are called «Red Lion».

21. All horses in the UK must have a passport — even royal ones.

22. Margaret Thatcher was the first woman in the world to be elected Prime Minister of Great Britain. She also became the longest-serving prime minister.

23. Scientists have discovered a unique species of mosquito in the undergrounds of London. They evolved independently and completely independently of other mosquito species.

24. French was the official language in Great Britain for almost 300 years, from 1066 to 1362.

25. The British Library is the second largest in the world. There are over 150 million books here.

26. Shakespeare brought about 3000 new words to the English language.

27. Despite the growing number of online publications, the British are very fond of paper newspapers. Every year, about 38 kilograms of the press read per one adult in the country.

28. It is illegal to kill swans in the UK. For such a crime, you can get a fine of £ 5,000 or six months in prison.

29. There is a law that allows any citizen to kill Scott entering the city of York if that person is holding an arrow over his head.

30. Birmingham is the second largest city in the UK. More than 30 locations around the world are called «Birmingham». And even on the moon there are places with this name.

31. Great Britain is a huge country, wherever you stop, you will never be more than 115 km from the sea. No wonder this is an island!

32. Continental Europe is linked to the UK by a tunnel under the English Channel. It connects the cities of Calais (France) and Dover (England). Also called the Eurotunnel, it is 51 km long (of which 39 km are under water) and is the second longest underground tunnel in the world, yielding only 0.7 km to the Gotthard Tunnel. located in Switzerland.

33. Smith Jones and Williams are some of the most common names in the UK.

34. In the 16th century in Great Britain, the king raised taxes for everyone who wore a beard.

35. There are 31 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the UK. Among them are the famous Stonehenge, the Tower of London, Westminster Abbey, as well as less obvious sites such as the city of Bath, famous for its healing springs, or the fortified borders of the Roman Empire.

36. London became the first city in the world to have an underground metro.

37. The oldest house in the UK was built 6,000 years ago. It is furnished with stone furnishings that have survived to this day.

38. Stonehenge is older than the Egyptian pyramids. Located in the south of Great Britain, this World Heritage Site was built over 3000 BC. BC, while the oldest pyramid of Cheops was erected about 2500 BC.

39. Residents of Great Britain who turn 100 years old receive personal congratulations from the Queen/King. This is a postcard with the warmest wishes of the august lady. And a Briton can receive such a congratulation every year after he has «hit» 100.

40. Contrary to a common mistake, the United Kingdom and the United Kingdom are not the same thing. The United Kingdom includes Northern Ireland, but the United Kingdom does not.

Oh, have you noticed that there are actually 40 facts? :)


1. Big Ben does not refer to the clock, but actually the bell.

2. London has been called Londonium, Ludenwic, and Ludenburg in the past.

3. French was the official language for about 300 years

4. The shortest war against England was with Zanzibar in 1896. Zanzibar surrendered after 38 minutes.

5. There is nowhere in Britain that is more than 74.5 miles from the sea.

6. The first telephone directory published in England contained 25 names.

7. While the Great Fire of London was largely destructive, the casualty rate was just 8.

8. The first hot chocolate store opened in London.

9. There are over 300 languages spoken in England.

10. The English drink more tea than anyone else in the world.

11. In the Medieval Times, animals can be put on trial for crimes (and be sentenced to death!)

12. “The Star Spangled Banner” (the American national anthem) was created by an Englishman.

13. “Pygg” used to mean “clay” in olden day English. People kept their coins in clay jars that were called “pygg jars,” which have evolved into what we currently call piggy banks.

14. Gargoyles were originally used as drain pipes!

15. Buckingham Palace has its own police station.

16. Chickens outnumber humans in England.

All about the Royal Family

17. Windsor Castle is the largest royal home in the world

18. The Queen has 30 god children.

19. The Queen owns all the sturgeons, whales and dolphins in the waters within 3 miles from the UK.

20. The Queen sent her first e-mail in 1976.

21. Prince William wanted to become a cop when he was younger.

22. He also has his own postage stamp.

23. It’s considered treason to place a stamp bearing the King or Queen’s image upside-down

24. Prince William paid $200 to sit in the front row and watch Kate in the fashion show.

25. Kate Middleton is allergic to horses.

26. According to biography com, when Kate was younger, the boys in her school rated her a 2 out of 10 for looks and personality.

27. Prince William had a poster of Baby Spice on his boarding room wall.

28. Prince Harry got in trouble for dressing as a Nazi to a costume party.

Famous Brits

29. When Nelson Mandela met the Spice Girls, he called them his “heroes.”

30. Ginger Spice was originally Sexy Spice, but changed to better suit their younger fans.

31. Francesca Gray wrote J.K. Rowling her first fan letter, but thought she was a man, and began her letter with “Dear Sir…”

32. J.K. Rowling is the first person to make a billion dollars from writing books.

33. James Bond’s code “007″ was inspired by the author Ian Fleming’s bus route from Canterbury to London.

34. No portrait was ever painted of William Shakespeare when he was alive.

35. Macbeth is the most produced play ever written. On average, a performance is staged every 4 hours somewhere in the world.

36. In the final episode of Skins Season 2, where Sid is looking for Cassie on the streets of New York, the reactions from people were real and unscripted.

37. Kate Moss is good friends with Daniel Craig.

38. David Beckham has a fear of birds.

London

39. London is home to 4 World Heritage Sites – The Palace of Westminster, the Tower of London, Maritime Greenwich, and Kew Botanical Gardens.

40. The London Eye is the tallest ferris wheel in Europe.

41. 25% of the people living in London today are born in another country.

42. There are 409 escalators in the London subways.

43. 16% of UK’s restaurants are located in London.

44. The London Bridge is rumoured to be haunted…people have claimed to see a woman in black roaming in the night.

45. Everyone calls it the Tower of London, but the building’s full official name is His Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London.

46. London is the first city in the world to have an underground subway system.

47.If London were a country, it would be the 8th largest in Europe.

48. Angel Tube Station has the longest escalator in Western Europe.

The 2012 Olympics

49. London hosting the 2012 Olympics is the first time a city has ever hosted the Olympics three times.

50. The London 2012 Olympics is the first time that every country has at least 1 female athlete.

51. The London Olympic Stadium is the lightest stadium in the world.

52. Survival by Muse is the official song of the games.

53. It’s expected that 4 billion people will watch the opening ceremony (more than half the population of the world!)

54. Sports equipment used in the olympics will be given away to charity.

55. The gold medals used are actually 93% silver and 1.3% gold.

Misc.

56. William the Conqueror ordered everyone to be in their beds by 8 pm.

57. 80,000 umbrellas are expected to be lost annually in the London tube.

58. There are over 30,000 people with the name John Smith in England.

59. Rudolf Hess was the last prisoner kept in the Tower of London.

60. England has the highest rate of obesity in Europe.

61. England brought the world soccer, rugby and polo.

62. The highest temperature ever recorded in England was 38.5 degrees in Kent in 2003.

63. The first fish and chips restaurant was opened in 1860 by a Jewish immigrant.

64. England is 74 times smaller than the USA.

65. The English invented the world’s earliest railways.

66. The Beatles originally called themselves the Blackjacks, and then the Quarrymen.

67. Other famous musicians/bands include: The Smiths, New order, Queen, Led Zeppelin, Rolling Stones, The Sex Pistols, The Cure, Black Sabbath, The Who, The Clash, Radiohead, Coldplay, Muse, Pink Floyd…(the list goes on and on!)

68. Bristol is known as the “Seattle of England” because of its youth culture and fashion.

69. England is thought of as having the world’s worst food.

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funfactsabouttheuk-4931079

Looking for some fun facts about the UK? I hope this post helps!

There’s a good chance that some things you’ve heard about Britain are true.

We do love to drink tea. The English countryside is beautiful. And yes, there’s really a Downtown Abbey (although its actual name is Highclere Castle).

But what about all the interesting facts about the UK that you haven’t heard yet?

What about those obscure UK facts that will help you win a trivia contest (or at least give you something fun to talk about at the pub)?

I thought I’d make it easy for you by putting together this long list of fun facts about the UK!

Read on to learn some funny, crazy, bizarre, and surprising British facts.


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Here we go then: 40 fun facts about the UK!


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1. Britons Drink 36 Billion Cups of Tea Per Year (One of My Favourite British Facts!)

Yes, that’s billion with a ‘b’!

If you divide it out, it comes to an estimated 100,000,000 cups of tea each day.

Why and how did the UK become so obsessed with their daily (or hourly) cuppa?

It began with the founding of the British East India Company in 1600, which imported tea from UK colonies in southern Asia.

But it wasn’t until Catherine of Braganza married King Charles II and introduced the royals to her favourite pastime — drinking tea on every occasion — that the habit really caught on.

These days, drinking tea is the great leveller of British society, cutting across every social, ethnic, and economic divide.


2. London’s Subway Is the Oldest in the World

There are 180 subway systems in 56 countries around the globe, but London’s famous “Tube” is the oldest.

It took 10 years of discussion before the British government approved the construction of an underground railway between Farringdon Street and Bishop’s Road, Paddington. Work began in 1860 and the line officially opened on January 10, 1863.

Today, the London Underground contains 11 different lines that whisk up to 5 million passengers across the city each day.


3. Shakespeare Revolutionised the English Language

Have you ever been in a pickle or gone on a wild goose chase?

Have you ever gossiped, grovelled, or felt gloomy or bedazzled?

These are just a few examples of the words and phrases that William Shakespeare introduced to the English language.

Experts estimate that he was the first to coin about 2,000 different words and expressions in his famous writings.

In fact, Shakespeare uses about 15,000 different words throughout his plays and poetry.

So the next time you meet someone with ‘a heart of gold’ or you wait ‘with bated breath’ for an important announcement, thank Shakespeare for his contributions to the English language.

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With its small landmass, here’s one of the interesting facts about the UK that may come as no surprise…

4. The UK Is Home to the World’s Shortest Flight

Next up on this list of fun facts about Britain is good news for anyone who hates to fly.

Head north to Scotland and the archipelago of the Orkney Islands. Here you’ll find the shortest passenger flight in the world linking the tiny island of Westray to the (even tinier) island of Papa Westray.

Just how short is the flight?

The scheduled time is two minutes and 40 seconds, but when the winds are right, the plane can go from takeoff to touchdown in just 53 seconds.

It’s a good thing, too, because the tiny prop jet holds only eight passengers and isn’t much bigger than a VW camper van.

There’s not even a lavatory on board, so if you have a small bladder, you may want to skip the cup of coffee before you fly!


5. Funny British Facts: Every Horse Must Have a Passport

Only one in three American citizens have a valid passport. But if you’re a horse, donkey, mule, or zebra in the UK, guess what?

You’re required by law to have a passport.

That’s right.

Owners must have a valid horse passport for all their equine friends.

The document lists the name of the owner and the animal’s vaccination records, as well as details about their species, breed, and colour.

Britons who can’t provide a valid passport for their horse are subject to fines and other penalties.

The same is true if the animal doesn’t have a registered microchip!


6. A Welsh Town Has the Longest Name in Europe

Would you like to a train to Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwlll­lantysiliogogogoch?

If so, head over to Wales, where you’ll find the town with an impressive 58 letters in its name.

A weatherman pronounced it without missing a beat during a live broadcast, but I’m fairly certain he practised (A LOT) before the camera started rolling.

The closed captioning listed “critical English mechanical problems like to see a go go go” as the town’s pronunciation, and that’s probably as close as most of us will ever get!

Bonus fact: As crazy as this Welsh name is, it isn’t actually the longest name in the world.

The title goes to a hill on the north island of New Zealand named — are you ready for it? — Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu.

(That’s 85 letters, in case you don’t feel like counting!)

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Looking for a fact of the day UK? Here’s one about Big Ben…

7. You Don’t Know Big Ben (Fact of the day UK!)

Wait a minute, you’re thinking. Of course I know Big Ben!

It’s that gigantic bell tower beside the Houses of Parliament in London, right?

Wrong.

Many a visitor snaps a photo in front of “Big Ben” and posts a picture of that iconic bell tower.

However, the bell tower is actually called St. Stephen’s Tower — at least, it was until 2012, when it was renamed Elizabeth Tower in honour of the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee.

“Big Ben” is the name of the bell that chimes within the tower.

Installed in 1859, the bell weighs a whopping 15.1 tonnes and the clock’s time is accurate to within two seconds per week.

Side note: Even though it’s technically a misnomer, locals and tourists alike call the tower “Big Ben.”

So don’t be afraid to follow tradition during your next trip to London!


8. Stonehenge Is Still a Mystery

It’s one of the most recognisable archaeological sites in the world, but no one can explain what it is, who built it, or why it was built.

The famous megalithic circle on Salisbury Plain known as ‘Stonehenge’ dates back some 4,600 years.

Theories abound as to what it is and what it was used for.

Legend holds that the wizard Merlin (from the days of King Arthur) magically transported the stones from Ireland.

Others say it’s the remains of a Roman temple or a leftover fortress from a Danish invasion.

More recent theories include an ancient place of healing, a landing site for alien spacecraft, or an oversized fertility symbol resembling female genitalia.

I’ll let you draw your own conclusions on this megalithic mystery!


9. The Scots Invented Golf

The origins of golf date back over 550 years to medieval Scotland.

In the 1400s, players would hit a pebble around sand dunes and over obstacles using a bent stick.

The game became so popular that many men began to neglect their military training, causing Scottish Parliament to ban the sport in 1457.

Then, in 1502, King James IV became the first monarch to take up the game that would eventually become golf.

The first reference to the game of golf traces back to St. Andrews in 1552, which became the world’s first official golf club in 1764.

And the rest, as they say, is history.

The sport spread rapidly throughout the British Empire and the rest of the world, and today over 66 million people enjoy the game of golf.

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No list of U.K. facts would be complete without one about James Bond!

10. Fun Facts UK: The Origin of James Bond’s Codename

Ian Fleming had no way of knowing that James Bond would become one of the most recognisable fictional characters in books and films.

Most fans would assume that the character’s codename “007” was just a random series of numbers that Fleming came up with.

However, there’s another theory that merits consideration.

It’s no secret that Ian Fleming was fond of Kent — he bought a house there in 1952.

What’s not as commonly known is that back in the 1950s, the “007 bus” was a local route connecting Canterbury to the coast.

Today, the 007 National Express bus connects London Victoria to Deal, and many fans seek it out as a sort of pilgrimage.

But 70 years ago, a humble local bus by the same name very well could have inspired the greatest codename of all time.


11. The Peculiar Shape of Cornish Pasties

One of the most famous foods throughout the British Empire — the Cornish pasty — got its start in the mines of Cornwall in southwest England.

These delicious pies usually contained a savoury filling at one end and a sweet filling at the end, providing the main course and a dessert in a single item.

To this day, they’re made with a thick “rope” of pastry crust on one side that acts as a handle.

Why this unusual tradition?

The answer is simple: It helped miners avoid contaminating their food!

They would hold the pasty by the crust and then throw the crust away at the end of the meal, avoiding poisoning from copper or tin dust.


12. The Ongoing Debate about National Dishes

Great Britain is made up of four countries — England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales — that each has its own unique food identity.

Although hearty meat-based dishes abound throughout the UK, individual favourites have emerged in each nation:

  • England: Roast beef and Yorkshire pudding, fish and chips, chicken tikka masala
  • Ireland: Irish stew filled with mutton, onions, and potatoes
  • Scotland: Haggis, a sheep’s stomach stuffed with offal, oatmeal, and onions
  • Wales: Cawl, a stew made with bacon, leeks, cabbage, and either lamb or beef

While I’m talking about funny British facts, here’s one more — chicken tikka masala is not a traditional Indian curry.

Its mild flavour was invented for the British palate when they ruled India from 1858 to 1947.

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Here’s a fun British fact about London black cab drivers…

13. London Cabbies Are Geography Experts

If your hands sweat thinking about your high school geography class, just wait until you hear what cab drivers in London have to learn.

Anyone aspiring to become a cabbie in London must pass a test so intense that it physically alters their brains.

Memorising every road, turn, and intersection of 320 sample runs is only the beginning.

It also requires memorising each of the 25,000 streets, lanes, roads, yards, and hills within a six-mile radius of Charing Cross.

But wait — there’s more!

Cabbies must also commit to memory over 20,000 individual landmarks and points of interest, from museums and theatres to clubs, pubs, and cemeteries.

Essentially, your London cabbie can calculate any route within the 113-square-mile (293-square-kilometre) metropolitan area entirely in their mind — without GPS or Sat Nav — in a matter of seconds.

Only then can they earn that coveted green badge and begin their taxi-driving careers.


14. That’s a Lot of Red Lions

No matter where you are in the UK, you’ll never be far from a Red Lion pub.

This is not a chain or a franchise — there are over 600 distinct (and completely unrelated) Red Lion pubs in the UK.

There haven’t been any wild lions in Britain for at least 12,000 years, so where did this popular moniker come from?

Some historians theorise that the red lion comes from the coat of arms of John of Gaunt, a 14th-century knight who founded the royal House of Lancaster.

Others believe it traces back to Scottish King James VI, who later became James I of England in 1603.

Legend holds that when he arrived in London, he ordered that all public buildings (including pubs) bear the heraldic red lion of Scotland.

I suggest that you discuss these theories (or come up with your own) over a cold pint at your nearest Red Lion pub.


15. Interesting Facts about Great Britain: French Was the Official Language for 300 Years

Parlez-vous français?

If you lived in Britain between the years 1066 and 1362, chances are you would have!

Following the Norman Conquest of William the Conqueror, French was the official language of England for nearly 300 years.

Although English was still widely spoken by the lower classes, nobility and educated persons spoke French (and even Latin).

The loss of Normandy and the ensuing Hundred Years’ War against France led to a decline in the use of French in the 14th century.

English was named the official language of the courts in 1362 and it’s been that way ever since.

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In this next section, I’ll run through some rapid-fire fun facts about Britain!

Bonus: 25 Quick-Fire Fun Facts about Britain

Can’t get enough interesting facts about the UK? Here are a few more bite-sized British facts to add to your repertoire!

16. There are more chickens than humans living in the UK.

17. ‘Seigneur of the Swans’ is part of the official title of the ruling British monarch.

18. There are over 150 towns in Great Britain named “Newtown.”

19. Windsor Palace has been home to royalty for over 1,000 years, making it the oldest and largest continually inhabited castle in the world.

20. The UK is 13 times smaller than India and 40 times smaller than the United States.

21. A Briton named Harvey Kennedy invented the world’s first shoelaces in 1790.

22. Anywhere in Great Britain, you are never more than 75 miles (115 km) from the coast.

23. The original Roman settlement in southern Britain was named Londonium.

24. The UK has only one venomous snake — a species of viper called the adder.

25. The most common surnames in the UK are Smith, Williams, and Jones.

26. There’s a subspecies of mosquito that’s unique to the London Underground.

27. The Anglo-Zanzibar War of 1896 is the shortest war in history, lasting a total of 38 minutes.

28. The British Library is the second-largest in the world with over 150 million items.

29. Experts suggest that the British accent changes approximately every 25 miles.

30. The site of Buckingham Palace may have been a gay brothel in the 1600s.

31. Because the British passport is issued in the name of Her Majesty, the Queen does not need to possess one.

32. Speaking of the queen, she legally holds dominion over every swan in Great Britain.

33. Legend dictates that the monarchy will stand as long as there are at least six black ravens residing at the Tower of London.

34. Despite the Scottish Highland’s cold winters, Loch Ness never freezes over.

35. The world’s first speeding ticket was issued in 1896 in Kent, England, to a vehicle travelling 8MPH.

36. More people speak English in the USA, India, Pakistan, Nigeria, and the Philippines than in the whole of the UK.

37. The highest point in the UK is Ben Nevis in the Scottish Highlands, sitting 4,406 feet (1,343m) above sea level.

38. 27% of Britons are clinically obese and another 36% are overweight.

39. The UK does not have a formal written constitution.

40. J.K. Rowling is the world’s first (and only) billion-dollar author. Her Harry Potter series has sold over 400 million copies in 55 languages, including Latin and Ancient Greek!


Share These Fun Facts About the UK

So, which of these fun facts about Britain surprised you the most?

Was it the insane amount of tea Britons drink? The impossible-to-pronounce Welsh town of Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwlllllandysiliogogogoch? Or the fact that every horse in Britain is required to have their own passport?

Don’t keep these fun facts about the UK to yourself!

Bookmark this post, share it with your friends, and let’s help more people learn some interesting facts about Great Britain.

Now that you’ve got this great list of UK facts, what are you going to do? Are you inspired to plan a trip to the UK or another exciting destination?

Stay right here and keep browsing my site for more great travel, outdoor, and lifestyle advice. These fun facts about travelling could be a good place to start!


Приветствую, мои любимые читатели.

О чем вы думаете, когда слышите о Великобритании? Чай, королева и Биг Бен? Ох, как все запущено!;) Но я абсолютно уверена, что где-то на полочках вашей памяти лежат эти маленькие знания, которые вы тщательно прячете.


Содержание:

  1. Места
  2. Люди
  3. Топик на английском

Поэтому сегодня я напомню вам, чем знаменита Великобритания, помимо чая и королевы! А еще дам топик на английском языке с переводом, где кратко расскажу самое интересное.

Великие места

  • Города

Удивительно, но в Великобритании только один крупный город — Лондон с численностью более 7 млн. человек. Другие же города остановились примерно на значении в полмиллиона.

Каждый город страны прекрасен, но есть знаменитые места, которые хотят посетить все.

Ливерпуль известен благодаря группе «Beatles» и морскому порту, который впервые был построен именно здесь и сделал поставку товаров намного быстрее.

liverpool-02

Кстати, жителям Ливерпуля дали кличку «скаузеры» по одноименному названию популярного в этой местности блюда — картофельному рагу. Более того, местный диалект и акцент тоже получил такое название.

Манчестер известен благодаря своей футбольной команде — Manchester United. Сотни футбольных фанатов приезжают туда каждый день.

Manchester-Town-Ha_2256146i

Город тоже получил ряд кличек за историю своего существования. Это были и «Мадчестер» — от слова «mad» — сумасшедший, — и «Ганчестер» в эпоху роста молодежной преступности. Но, тем не менее, он по-прежнему остается невероятно красивым и популярным.

  • Университеты

Если вас спросят, какие знаменитые университеты вы знаете, то мгновенно же вы подумаете про Оксфорд и Кембридж. Ну, может, вспомните про Лондонский Университет. Заслуга этого в том, что Оксфордский и Кембриджский университеты у всех на слуху. Они занимают первые места в рейтингах, а учиться там мечтает практически каждый.

  • Достопримечательности

Про достопримечательности Великобритании можно написать целый трехтомник. Начиная от Биг Бена и заканчивая озером Лох-Несс. Тауэрский мост, Глаз Лондона, десятки музеев и театров и многие другие интересные места находятся именно в этой стране.

king-lear-at-the-globe-theatre-ii

Например, Театр Глобус — один из первых театров, построенных в Великобритании, где выступал сам Шекспир. Никакого искусственного lighting, никаких микрофонов у актеров, половина крыши театра сделана из соломы, а зрителям, как и в 17-м веке, приходится стоять всю постановку.

Великие люди

Чтобы перечислить всех известных людей страны, понадобится как минимум несколько дней. Певцы и актеры, писатели и поэты, великие политические деятели и известные исторические личности. Знаменитые люди из Великобритании у всех на слуху, пусть иногда мы этого и не замечаем.

Если единственные, кого вы вспоминаете — это Beatles, то вы далеки от музыкального мира страны. Мик Джагер и Сэр Элтон Джон, Том Джонс и Джон Леннон оставили значительный след в музыкальной истории.

Наверняка все знают Шекспира, Диккенса и Томаса Харди. Все слышали о Джейн Остен и ее «Гордость и предубеждение», про Льюис Кэррол и невероятное путешествие «Алисы в стране чудес» (это до сих пор моя любимая книга!), про Сэра Артура Конан Дойля и его «Приключения Шерлока Холмса», которые с каждым годом становятся все популярнее.

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А уж про Джоан Роулинг и любимого многими «Гарри Поттера» и говорить не стоит.

Великие ученые, как Исаак Ньютон и Чарльз Дарвин родились именно на этой земле. Знаменитые политики, как Маргарет Тэтчер — первая в истории женщина Prime Minister и Уинстон Черчилль значительно повлияли на ход истории не только своей страны, но и всего мира.

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А теперь на английском

Помните, я обещала в самом начале рассказать все это и на английском? Что ж, ловите.

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Surprisingly, but the UK has only one big city — London, with its population over 7 million people. Other cities have on average half a million citizens.

Liverpool is famous for The Beatles and the seaport, which was the first to be built here and made the delivery of goods much faster.

By the way, the citizens of Liverpool were given the nickname «scousers» by the name of popular in this area dish — potato stew. Moreover, the local dialect and accent got this name too.

Manchester is famous for its football team — Manchester United. Hundreds of football fans arrive there every day.

Universities.

If you are asked what the most famous universities are, you instantly think about Oxford and Cambridge. Well, maybe, about the University of London too.

The reason for this is that everyone heard about Oxford and Cambridge universities. They take the first place in all rankings, and many people want to study there.

Sightseeing

We can write a three-volume book about the places to visit in the UK. From Big Ben to Loch ness lake, Tower of London, the Big Eye, hundreds of museums and galleries are all situated here.

For example, The Globe Theatre is one of the first theatres built in the UK, where Shakespeare performed. There is no lighting, no microphones on the actors, half of the roof is made of straw, and the audience has to stand the entire performance like in the 17th century.

Great people.

It requires several days to name all famous people of the country. All the singers and actors, writers and poets, great political figures, and famous historical figures.

If the only famous musicians you can name are the Beatles, then you are far from the country’s music world. Mick Jagger and Sir Elton John, Tom Jones and John Lennon left a significant mark in musical history.

Surely everyone knows Shakespeare, Dickens and Thomas Hardy. Everyone has heard about Jane Austen and her «Pride and prejudice», about Lewis Carroll and the incredible journey of «Alice in Wonderland», about Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and his «Adventures of Sherlock Holmes», that every year becomes increasingly popular.

And as for JK Rowling and extremely beloved «Harry Potter» it’s no use mentioning.

Great scientists like Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin were born in the country. Famous politicians like Margaret Thatcher — first female Prime Minister and the Whinstone Churchill greatly influenced the course of history of not only their country, but the whole world.

Полезные выражения:

to have on average — иметь в среднем

population over (5 million) — население более (5 миллионов)

popular dish — популярное блюдо

the delivery of goods — доставка товаров

the reason for this — причина этому

it requires — требуется

to influence the course of history — повлиять на ход истории

not only… but also — не только … но и

Чтобы полностью погрузиться и почувствовать весь дух Великобритании, нужно либо значительную часть жизни посвятить ее изучению, либо отправиться туда в долгое путешествие.

Тем не менее, для детей будет интересным побывать в замке «Гарри Поттера», а взрослые насладятся прекрасными видами замков и историческим духом страны, не просто глядя на фото.

Если вы хотите получать еще больше интересных и полезных материалов — подписывайтесь на рассылку моего блога, и будьте в курсе всего нового.

До новых интересных встреч!

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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the UK) occupies the British Isles and consists of 4 parts: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The country has the population of 60 million people within the land area of 244 thousand square kilometers. The isles are washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the north and in the west and by the English Channel in the south. The UK is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea. Great Britain is separated from Northern Ireland by the Irish Sea and the North Channel.

There are many beautiful lakes and mountains in Scotland and England. The highest point in the Highlands is Ben Nevis (1 340 metres). The longest river flows in England, it is the Severn. The main attraction in the north of England is the Lake District. Thanks to the warm waters of Gulf Stream the island is very green and the British climate is mild. Local summers are rather hot and winters are not cold. As the weather is very changeable in Britain, it is the favourite topic for discussion with the British.

The capital of Great Britain is London. It stands on the Thames river. The country is a constitutional monarchy and officially the Queen is the Head of state. But it is ruled by the Prime Minister and the government. The legislative body is the Parliament which consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

The UK is a highly developed industrial state. The chief industries are shipbuilding, fishing and mining, production of aircraft equipment, electronics, textile and chemicals. The country is the world’s largest exporter of iron and steel goods. The most important industrial cities of Great Britain are London, Birmingham, Manchester, Glasgow, Liverpool, Leeds, Edinburgh.

A lot of famous people were born and lived in Great Britain. Among them are Shakespeare, Newton, Churchill, Paul McCartney, Joanne Rowling, Sting, David Beckham and many others.

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Перевод

Соединенное Королевство Великобритании и Северной Ирландии (СК) занимает Британские острова и состоит из 4 частей: Англии, Уэльса, Шотландии и Северной Ирландии. Страна имеет население в 60 млн. человек на территории 244 тыс. кв. км. Острова омываются Атлантическим океаном с севера и запада и  проливом Ла-Манш с юга. СК и континентальную Европу разделяет Северное море. Великобританию и Северную Ирландию разделяют Ирландское море и Северный пролив.

В Шотландии и Англии находится много красивых озер и гор. Самой высокой точкой в горной местности является Бен Невис (1340 м). Самая длинная река протекает в Англии, это Северн. Главной достопримечательностью севера Англии является Озерный край. Благодаря теплым водам Гольфстрима, остров очень зеленый, а британский климат мягкий. Лето здесь довольно жаркое, а зима нехолодная. Поскольку погода в Британии очень изменчива, это любимая тема для обсуждения среди британцев.

Столица Великобритании – Лондон. Он находится на реке Темза. Страна является конституционной монархией, и официально королева считается главой государства. Однако им управляют премьер-министр и правительство. Законодательным органом является парламент, состоящий из палаты Лордов и палаты Общин.

СК – высокоразвитая промышленная страна. Основными отраслями промышленности являются судостроение, рыбная и горнодобывающая промышленности, производство авиационной техники, электроники, текстиля и химикатов. Страна стала крупнейшим мировым экспортером товаров из железа и стали. Наиболее важные промышленные города Великобритании – это Лондон, Бирмингэм, Манчестер, Глазго, Ливерпуль, Лидз, Эдинбург.

Много знаменитых людей родилось и проживало в Великобритании. Среди них Шекспир, Ньютон, Черчилль, Пол Маккартни, Джоан Роулинг, Стинг, Дэвид Бэкхэм и многие другие.

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