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Представлено сочинение на английском языке Глобализация/ Globalization с переводом на русский язык.

Globalization Глобализация
Globalization is something than we can’t see but we can feel the effects of it. It’s a process of interaction among the people, companies and governments of different countries. We can feel globalization almost everywhere nowadays. People eat American fast-food, wear Italian shoes and Mexican shirts, drive Japanese cars and listen to Korean music. Generally speaking, globalization is a blend of cultures. Глобализация это то, что мы не можем видеть, но мы можем ощущать её последствия. Это процесс взаимодействия людей, компаний и правительств разных стран. В настоящее время, мы можем чувствовать глобализации почти везде. Люди едят американский фаст-фуд, носят итальянскую обувь и мексиканские рубашки, водят японские автомобили и слушают корейскую музыку. Одним словом, глобализация представляет собой смесь культур.
Some people think that it’s a new process. In fact, globalization existed even during Middle Ages, when people decided to trade goods with merchants from distant countries. Since 1980, it has begun to move at a faster pace. Today globalization is at its peak. There are, of course, some advantages and disadvantages of this process. The best thing is that people can buy and sell whatever they want from every corner of our planet. Internet has made it easier. People enjoy the variety of choice and prices. Некоторые люди думают, что это новый процесс. На самом деле, глобализация существовала еще в эпоху средневековья, когда люди решили обмениваться товаром с купцами из далеких стран. С 1980 года она начал двигаться в более быстром темпе. Сегодня глобализация находится на своем пике. У этого процесса есть, конечно, свои преимущества и недостатки. Самое лучшее это то, что люди могут покупать и продавать все, что хотят со всех уголков нашей планеты. Интернет сделал это проще. Люди наслаждаются разнообразием выбора и цен.
Globalization also gives an opportunity to learn more about culture of other nations. Countries focus on what they can do better instead of making bad-quality products. For example, Belgium is good at agriculture and producing fine chocolate but it doesn’t produce cars. Thus, they can buy cars from Germany or France. Глобализация также дает возможность узнать больше о культуре других народов. Страны работают над тем, что у них получается лучше всего, вместо того, чтобы создавать продукцию плохого качества. Например, Бельгия хороша в сельском хозяйстве и производстве шоколада, но там не производят автомобилей. Таким образом, она может покупать машины у Германии или Франции.
Another advantage of globalization is the growth of international companies. They can open affiliates in different countries and create additional workplace for local people. Еще одно преимущество глобализации – это рост международных компаний. Они могут открывать филиалы в разных странах и создавать дополнительные рабочие места для местного населения.
The first issue on the list of disadvantages that globalization has brought is the pollution of the environment. The building of new harmful factories has resulted into considerable environmental problems. Самое главное в списке недостатков это то, что глобализация принесла с собой загрязнение окружающей среды. Строительство новых вредных заводов привело к значительным экологическим проблемам.
Another disadvantage is the fact that globalization gradually destroys cultural identity. It’s especially obvious when European people try to impose their traditions and customs on Asian nations. Еще одним недостатком является тот факт, что глобализация постепенно разрушает культурную идентичность. Это особенно заметно, когда европейцы пытаются навязать свои традиции и обычаи азиатским нациям.
And last but not the least: domestic producers also suffer. They find it difficult to sell their produce when people buy everything on international market. И последнее, но не менее важное: отечественные производители также пострадали. Им сложно продавать свою продукцию, когда люди покупают все на международном рынке.

глобус2

Globalization is a process of interaction between people, companies and governments of different nations. It is driven by international trade and the development of information technology. We observe its results in all spheres of our life. It has great influence on our environment, culture, political and economic systems. Globalization can be described as movement of people, goods, investments, labour and ideas all over the world. Of course it’s impossible to define whether globalization is good or bad. It has both pros and cons. Some people just hate globalization and find it threatening for national cultures. Others believe that free trade between countries offers prosperity and economic growth for all nations and businesses.

Today we know a lot of world-famous brands. Wherever we are, we are likely to have lunch at a fast-food restaurant McDonald’s. We can find Coca Cola or Lipton tea at any store. And these products are offered almost in every country. Multinational companies create additional work places for local people. But there is a negative side here because it’s hard for small domestic firms to compete with worldly recognized companies. That’s why they often incur great losses.

Globalization gives me freedom in choosing a place for holidays, in purchasing goods made in a country I prefer most. We can easily get acquainted with other traditions, customs and national cuisines. Living in Russia, for example, we can try new dishes in Japanese, Italian or Georgian restaurants. But on the other hand, little by little we forget about our own culture and the youth starts losing old traditions. Globalization destroys cultural identity.

Another benefit of globalization is advances in information technology. Thanks to the Internet I can get almost any information I need. It helps me with my education and with my studies at the university too. We can participate in international educational programs, communicate with pen-friends from other countries, apply for a piece of advice to any professional through the Internet.

Another advantage of the era of globalization is that I have an opportunity to get closer to my friends and distant relatives by sending messages and exchanging photos and videos. However the Internet completely transformed our communication and we meet each other in reality less and less nowadays.

 глобус

Перевод

Глобализация – это процесс взаимодействия людей, компаний и правительств разных наций. Ее приводят в действие международная торговля и развитие информационных технологий. Мы наблюдаем ее результаты во всех сферах нашей жизни. Она сильно влияет на наше окружение, культуру, политическую и экономическую системы. Глобализацию можно описать как движение людей, товаров, инвестиций, рабочей силы и идей по всему миру. Разумеется, невозможно определить точно: хороша или плоха глобализация. У нее есть и плюсы, и минусы. Некоторые люди просто ненавидят глобализацию и считают ее угрозой для национальных культур. Другие полагают, что свободная торговля между государствами подразумевает процветание и экономический рост всех наций и видов бизнеса.

Сегодня нам знакомы многие всемирно известные бренды. Где бы мы ни были, мы наверняка сможем пообедать в ресторане быстрого питания МакДоналдс. Мы можем найти Кока Колу или чай Липтон в любом магазине. И эти продукты предлагаются почти в любой стране. Транснациональные корпорации создают дополнительные рабочие места для местного народа. Но здесь есть и негативная сторона – очень сложно малому отечественному бизнесу конкурировать с признанными во всем мире компаниями. Поэтому они часто терпят большие убытки.

Глобализация дает мне свободу в выборе места для отпуска, в покупке товара, изготовленного в той стране, которую я предпочитаю. Мы можем легко познакомиться с другими традициями, обычаями и национальными кухнями. Проживая в России, к примеру, мы можем пробовать блюда в японском, итальянском или грузинском ресторанах. Но, с другой стороны, постепенно мы забываем нашу собственную культуру, и молодежь начинает терять старые традиции. Глобализация разрушает культурную самобытность

Другим плюсом глобализации является прогресс информационных технологий. Благодаря интернету, я могу найти практически любую необходимую информацию. Он помогает мне в моем образовании и в университетской учебе тоже. Мы можем принимать участие  в международных образовательных программах, общаться с друзьями по переписке из других стран, обращаться за советом к профессионалам посредством интернета.

Еще одно преимущество эры глобализации – это то, что у меня появилась возможность стать ближе к друзьям и дальним родственникам, отправляя им сообщения и обмениваясь фото и видео. Однако интернет полностью изменил наше общение, и теперь мы встречаем друг друга в реальности все меньше и меньше.

Тема «Глобализация: за и против» (Globalization: pros and cons)4.7 out of
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Globalization is a controversial issue for business and governments throughout the world. We recognize globalization mainly through its effects. It’s a bit like electricity — we can not see it, but we certainly observe what it does.

Globalization can be described as a process by which the people of the world are unified into a single society and function together. This process is a combination of economic, technological, sociocultural and political forces. It’s a movement of people, goods, capital and ideas due to increased economic integration.

Globalization is a controversial issue mainly because different groups interpret it in different ways. For its opponents globalization is a threatening word. It prompts visions of large multinationals dominating the world in pursuit of ever-higher profits. Many pressure groups fear that globalization threatens the environment as well as national cultures — they predict that it will make the rich nations richer and the developing countries even poorer than they are. But its supporters have another point of view. They believe that increasing and freer trade between nations will offer prosperity and economic growth for all countries and businesses.

So globalization is likely to be a hot potato for the twenty-first century. As far as the benefits are concerned there it’s possible to name next statements:

1. An opportunity to get acquainted with cultures of different nations;

2. A variety of choice for consumers: when they can buy in their local stores and supermarkets not only home-produced goods but also foreign ones;

3. Transnational corporations create additional work places for local people, at the same it is convenient for these large corporations as well: they may locate the labour-intensive part of their production process in countries with a relative abundance of labour in order to minimize their costs;

4. Another point is risk-sharing. It’s more reasonable to invest money not in one company but to create an international company with great amount of subsidiaries in various countries, so it won’t have so serious consequences if one of them will not stand cut-throat competition;

5. This cut-throat competition in the local markets between domestic and foreign producers leads to production of high-quality goods.

The disadvantages of globalization are:

1. Pollution of the environment (and there one peculiarity should be admitted — developed countries try to locate their harmful for the environment factories and works not in their own countries but in developing countries);

2. Globalization destroys cultural identity, for example Europeans usually try to impose their customs and traditions on Asian people;

3. Multinational corporations prefer to use cheap labour-force of developing countries for instance in Asia. And at the same time they provide their workers with bad and sometimes even awful working conditions;

4. It’s difficult for domestic producers to compete with multinational corporations especially if it’s an infant industry;

The last but not least is that we don’t actually know to what globalization can lead, we don’t realize its consequences.

Глобализация

Глобализация является спорным вопросом для бизнеса и правительств во всем мире. Мы узнаем о глобализации в основном через её последствия. Она немного похожа на электричество — мы не видим его, но мы, конечно, видим что оно делает.

Глобализация может быть описана как процесс, посредством которого люди мира объединяются в единое сообщество и функционируют вместе. Этот процесс представляет собой сочетание экономических, технологических, социально-культурных и политических сил. Это движение людей, товаров, капитала и идей из-за увеличения экономической интеграции.

Глобализация является спорным вопросом в основном потому, что различные группы интерпретируют её по-разному. Для противников глобализации это угрожающее слово. Она видят её как погоню крупных транснациональных корпораций доминирующих в мире за все более высокой прибылью. Многие группы находятся под давлением страха, что глобализация угрожает окружающей среде, а также национальным культурам. Они предсказывают, что она сделает богатые страны богаче, а развивающиеся страны беднее. Но сторонники глобализации придерживаются другой точки зрения. Они считают, что увеличение свободной торговли между странами будет залогом процветания и экономического роста для всех стран и предприятий.

Глобализация, вероятно, станет горячий темой двадцать первого века. Что же касается её преимуществ, то можно назвать следующие:

1. Возможность познакомиться с культурами разных народов;

2. Разнообразие выбора для потребителей: когда они могут купить в местных магазинах и супермаркетах не только отечественные товары, но и иностранные;

3. Транснациональные корпорации создают дополнительные рабочие места для местного населения, это удобно для этих крупных корпораций тоже. Они могут перенести трудоемкие части производственного процесса в страны с относительно большой численностью рабочей силы в целях минимизации своих издержек;

4. Ещё один пункт- распределения рисков. Более разумно вкладывать деньги не в одну компанию, а создать международную компанию с большим количеством филиалов в разных странах. Если один из них не выдержит ожесточенной конкуренции, это не будет иметь столь серьезные последствия;

5. Жесткая конкуренция на местном рынке между отечественными и зарубежными производителями приводит к производству высококачественной продукции.

Недостатками глобализации являются:

1. Загрязнение окружающей среды (одну особенность следует признать — развитые страны пытаются расположить вредные для окружающей среды фабрики и заводы не в их собственных странах, а в развивающихся странах);

2. Глобализация уничтожает культурную идентичность, например, европейцы обычно стараются навязать свои обычаи и традиции азиатским народам;

3. Многонациональные корпорации предпочитают использовать дешевую рабочую силу в развивающихся странах, например в Азии. И в то же время они обеспечивают своих работников плохими, а иногда и ужасными условиями труда;

4. Для отечественных производителей трудно конкурировать с транснациональными корпорациями, особенно, если это новая отрасль промышленности;

Не в последнюю очередь важно то, что мы фактически не знаем, к чему глобализация может привести, мы не понимаем её последствий.

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Effects of Globalization

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Updated: Nov 21st, 2023

Table of Contents

  1. Definition of Globalization
  2. Drivers of Globalization
  3. Effects of Globalization
  4. References

Definition of Globalization

Globalization is defined as interaction among different countries in order to develop global economy. It entails political, technological, cultural and political exchanges which are facilitated by infrastructure, transport and communication. Some of the traditional international theories of globalization include Ricardian theory of international trade, Heckscher-Ohlin model and Adam Smith’s model (Scholte, 2005).

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Drivers of Globalization

For globalization to take place, it must be driven by certain factors. The first factor that drives globalization is competitiveness in the market, which focuses on aspects such as global competitors, interdependence among countries and high two-way trade. The second factor that drives globalization is the government.

The government drives globalization through regulation of marketing activities, provision of technical standards that are compatible and elimination of restrictions imposed on trade and investment procedures. The third factor that drives globalization is cost.

Cost in globalization deals with efficiency in sourcing activities, world economies and emerging technological trends. The fourth factor that drives globalization is market, which covers ordinary needs of customers, channels of world markets and marketing techniques that can be transferred to different regions.

Effects of Globalization

Globalization is associated with both positive and negative effects. Its first positive effect is that it makes it possible for different countries to exchange their products. The second positive effect of globalization is that it promotes international trade and growth of wealth as a result of economic integration and free trade among countries.

However, globalization is also associated with negative effects. Its first negative effect is that it causes unemployment. Since companies compete with their rivals in the market, sometimes they are forced to sack some of their employees in order to reduce salary costs and instead maximize profits. This is common in developing countries, where large numbers of unemployed people live in urban areas.

The second negative effect of globalization is that it promotes terrorism and criminal activities because people, food and materials are allowed to move freely from one country to the other. Individuals with evil intentions take advantage of this freedom and carry out terrorism activities and other crimes (Negative Effects of Globalization, 2013).

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References

Negative Effects of Globalization. (2013). Web.

Scholte, J. (2005). Globalization: A Critical Introduction. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

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Globalization is a process of integrating trade and commerce throughout the globe. Governments, private companies and even people merge their differences and intermingle, interact, devise new trade policies, bringing different cultures and countries closer to each other. Unprecedented advancements in transport and communication technologies have added to the growth of globalization.

Primarily, globalization is a commercial activity which also integrates different cultures and societies through trade and commerce. The origin of globalization is however a matter of dispute between historians and modern economist. Former believe it to be existing since ancient times while latter assert that it started only in 21st century.

Below we have provided Long and short Essay on Globalization in English for your information and knowledge.

These Globalization Essay will let you know the meaning of globalization and its significance in today’s context.

You will also understand how globalization is shrinking boundaries and bringing people together.

These essays on Globalization will help you in your school assignments and several other competitions where you need to speak/write about globalization.

Globalization Essay 1 (100 words)

Globalization is the process of growing, developing and expanding the business, services or technologies all through the world. It is the expansion of various businesses to the global markets throughout the world. It requires huge international investment to develop large multinational corporations for the worldwide economic integration. It is to increase the connectivity and interdependence of the businesses in the worldwide markets.

In the last few decades, globalization has taken the form of technological advancement which resulted in easier travel, communication, and other businesses on international level for the people. On one hand, where globalization has made easy access of technologies to the people, it has also decreased the opportunity of success by increasing competition.

Globalization

Globalization Essay 2 (150 words)

Introduction

Globalization is making the availability of businesses or technologies all across the world through the speed of markets. Globalization is making various huge changes in the world where people are moving away from their self-contained countries to the more integrated world. In order to globalize a business, a company need to bring change in a business strategy made for a single country to the special one having ability to operate in multiple countries.

Impact of Globalization

Globalization impacts a business and a company in various ways. Globalization impact on businesses in the worldwide market can be described under two broad categories of market globalization and production globalization. Market globalization is the reduction in selling barriers of products or services to other countries other than its home country. It is very necessary for a company to make success easier by effectively globalizing selling products to the international market. Production globalization is the set up of plant in many countries to produce products locally on low labour cost and earn more profit than its home country.

Globalization Essay 3 (200 words)

Globalization is the spreading of anything worldwide. However, generally it is the process of globalizing products, businesses, technologies, philosophies, etc all through the world. It is the creation of a successful interconnected marketplace without any limitation of time zone and national boundaries.

The most common and clear example of globalization is the spread of McDonalds restaurants all around the world. It became so successful in the worldwide markets because of its effective strategy adapting the culture of different countries in their menus to suit local tastes of people. We can say it as internationalization which is a great combination of both, the globalization and the localization.

It is very hard to decide whether the revolution of global marketplace is beneficial or harmful to the humanity. It is still a big confusion. However, it is also tough to ignore that globalization has created greater opportunities to people worldwide. It has changed status and way of living of people in the society to a great extent. It is hugely benefiting the developing nations by providing various developmental opportunities.

If we take it positively, it may eradicate the regional diversity and establish a homogenized world culture. It is supported by the information technology and show huge interaction and integration among businesses, companies, government and people of various countries. Globalization has positively and negatively affected the tradition, culture, political system, economic development, lifestyle, prosperity, etc.


Globalization Essay 4 (250 words)

In the last few decades globalization has been very fast which has resulted in the worldwide economical, social, political and cultural integration through the advancement in the technologies, telecommunication, transportation, etc. It has affected human lives in both positive and negative manner; its negative effects are needed to be addressed accordingly. Globalization has contributed a lot to the worldwide economies in various positive ways. Unbelievable advancement in the science and technologies has given amazing opportunity to the businesses to easily spread across the territorial boundaries.

Just because of the globalization, there has been huge economical growth of the companies. They have been more productive and thus given rise a more competitive world. There is a competition in the quality of products, services, etc. Successful companies of the developed countries are establishing their foreign branches to take advantage locally through the low cost man labor than their home countries. Such type of business activities are giving employment to the people of developing or poor countries thus giving way to go ahead.

Together with the positive aspects of the globalization, negative aspects are not forgettable. There has been risk of epidemic diseases by means of transportation from one country to another. There has been proper control of the government of all countries on the globalization in order to reduce its negative impacts on the human lives.


Globalization Essay 5 (300 words)

Globalization is a process of worldwide spread of science, technologies, businesses, etc through the means of transportation, communication, and trade. Globalization has affected almost all the countries worldwide in various ways such as socially, economically, politically, and psychologically too. Globalization is a term indicating fast and continues integration and interdependence of countries in the field of business and technologies. The effects of globalization have been seen on the tradition, environment, culture, security, lifestyle, and ideas. There are many factors affecting and accelerating globalization trends worldwide.

The reason of acceleration in the globalization is because of the people demands, free-trade activities, worldwide acceptance of markets, emerging new technologies, new researches in the science, etc. Globalization has huge negative impacts on the environment and given rise to various environmental issues like water pollution, deforestation, air pollution, soil pollution, contamination of water resources, climate change, biodiversity loss, etc. All the ever growing environmental issues need to be solved on urgent basis by international efforts otherwise they may finish the existence of life on the earth a day in future.

In order to prevent the loss of environment, there is need of globalization of eco-friendly technologies and huge level environmental awareness among people. In order to deal with the negative effects of globalization, companies need to develop greener technologies which may replace the current status of the environment. However, globalization has helped a lot positively to save the environment by improving various resources (reducing adverse effects on the environment like hybrid cars using less fuel) and promoting education.

Apple brand has also aimed to manufacture Eco-friendly products to reduce negative impacts of globalization and exceed positive effects. Increasing demands of the ever increasing population lead towards extensive deforestation causing great level environmental issue. Till now, almost half of the useful forests have been cut in the past years. So, there is a need to make globalization under control to reduce its negative effects.


Globalization Essay 6 (400 words)

Introduction

Globalization is the way to open businesses, improve technological growth, economy, etc on international level for the international players. It is the way to manufacturers and producers of the products or goods to sell their products globally without any restriction. It provides huge profit to the businessmen as they get low cost labor in poor countries easily through the globalization. It provides a big opportunity to the companies to deal with the worldwide market. It facilitates any country to participate, set up or merge industries, invest in equity or shares, selling of products or services in any country.

How Globalization Work

Globalization helps global market to consider whole world as a single market. Traders are extending their areas of business by focusing world as a global village. Earlier to the 1990s, there was restriction of importing certain products which were already manufactured in India like agricultural products, engineering goods, food items, toiletries, etc. However, during 1990s there was a pressure from rich countries over World Trade Organization, World Bank (engaged in development financing activities), and International Monetary Fund to allow other countries to spread their businesses by opening trade and market in the poor and developing countries. In India the globalization and liberalization process was started in 1991 under the Union Finance Minister (Manmohan Singh).

After many years, globalization has brought major revolution in the Indian market when multinational brands came to India like PepsiCo, KFC, Mc. Donald, Boomer Chewing gums, IBM, Nokia, Ericsson, Aiwa etc and started delivering wide range of quality products at cheap prices. All the dominating brands shown real revolution of globalization here as a tremendous boost to the industrial sector economy. Prices of the quality products are getting down because of the cut throat competition running in the market.

Globalization and liberalization of the businesses in the Indian market is flooding the quality foreign products however affecting the local Indian industries adversely to a great extent resulting in the job loss of poor and uneducated workers. Globalization has been bonanza for the consumers however grave for the small-scale Indian producers.

Positive Effects of Globalization

  • Globalization has affected the Indian students and education sectors to a great extent by making available study books and huge information over internet. Collaboration of foreign universities with the Indian universities has brought a huge change in the education industry.
  • Health sectors are also affected a lot by the globalization of common medicines, health monitoring electronic machines, etc.
  • Globalization of trade in the agricultural sector has brought variety of quality seeds having disease resistance property. However it is not good for the poor Indian farmers because of costly seeds and agricultural technologies.
  • It has brought a huge revolution to the employment sector by the spread of businesses like cottage, handloom, carpet, artisans and carving, ceramic, jewellery, and glassware etc.

Conclusion:

Globalization has brought variety of affordable priced quality products and overall economic benefits to the developing countries as well as employment to the large population. However, it has given rise to the competition, crime, anti-national activities, terrorism etc. So, together with the happiness it has brought some sadness also.

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Globalization is positively needed by the society and country to go ahead and become a developed society and nation. A range of globalization essay is given above to help students getting education in various classes. Essay on globalization given above are easily worded and written by the professional content writer by keeping in mind the need and requirement of students. You can also get other related essays and related information such as:

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